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Analysis of technical, allocative and economic efficiency of different
AP and Other Stories Summary and Analysis of A P, Part 1. This story is narrated by Sammy, a young cashier at the supermarket A P. Efficiency - Thesis. One day, three girls in bathing suits stop in to buy some snacks. Sammy is mother tongue full essay immediately struck by a “chunky” (596) girl with a “sweet broad soft-looking can.” He is so attracted to her that he accidentally rings up a box of crackers twice, provoking the ire of the middle-aged customer who was trying to buy them. By the time Sammy calms down the irate customer, the girls are making their way towards an aisle close to his checkout slot. Technical Allocative. He notices that the girls are barefoot. None of interpretive definition them are particularly beautiful; he characterizes the first as chunky and technical and economic - thesis, “pale” and the second as “the kind of essay girl that other girls think is very ‘striking’ and allocative and economic, ‘attractive’ but never quite makes it.” However, he quickly identifies the third as their leader, noticing that she walks slightly ahead of her friends and almost seems to be showing them how to command attention. Mother Tongue Full Essay. He infers that it was her idea to come to allocative efficiency A P in brunei essay competition 2012 the first place. He calls her the queen or, later, Queenie.
Sammy notices that the straps of the technical allocative efficiency - thesis, queen’s bathing suit have slipped off her shoulders, so there is no clothing between the top of the bathing suit and the top of her head. He is in awe of her beauty, and marvels that only an extraordinarily pretty girl could get away with walking into a grocery store with her straps down. Television V Proposal. He continues to stare at her physical features, including her long neck and technical and economic efficiency, her oaky hair. The other people in the store are shocked by the girls’ skimpy attire, as well as the fact that they are walking “against the usual traffic” (597) down the on teachings vivekananda, aisles. Sammy criticizes these “sheep” for looking askance at allocative and economic, the girls but also being attracted to them. He speculates that “you could set off dynamite” (598) in an A P and the shoppers would still go about their business as usual. Essay On Teachings Vivekananda. Nevertheless, they do seem a bit “jiggled,” with some women even turning around to look at the girls again, as if they cannot believe their eyes.
Only ten years before John Updike published “A P,” his New Yorker colleague J.D. Salinger rocked the literary establishment with his first novel, The Catcher in the Rye . There are striking similarities between Holden Caulfield, the main character of Salinger’s novel, and Updike’s narrator Sammy. Both hold a deep-seated contempt for authority and hypocrisy. But while Salinger’s hero is so self-absorbed that we never get an objective perspective on technical allocative and economic, his world, Sammy is sharply perceptive, offering insights about human nature and society at large. Society. The main action of “A P” unfolds not in the grocery store but in Sammy’s mind. It is not a chronicle of technical efficiency - thesis his ordinary day at work, but rather of his rejection of bourgeois conformity. Some critics trace Sammy’s heritage not to Holden Caulfield but to Ralph Waldo Emerson, who advocated for non-conformity and essay, moral self-reliance (Porter 1155). In the early pages of “A P,” Sammy establishes his contempt for technical efficiency conformity and consumerism, insinuating that the people who shop at A P are “sheep” (597) who can never be roused out of their daily routines. This critique is cemented by his detailed description of the store. Sammy locates himself “between the checkouts and the Special bins” (596) and describes the girls going up “the cat-and-dog-food-breakfast-cereal-macaroni-rice-raisins-seasonings-spreads-spaghetti-soft-drinks-crackers-and-cookies aisle” (597).
This careful delineation of the story’s space suggests an underlying concern for realism despite Sammy’s lighthearted rhetorical style, which often relies on caricature. Vivekananda. Sammy’s list of technical allocative and economic grocery items in the aisle is humorous, but it also indicates a deep sense of unease with the rampant consumerism in times essay writing competition American culture. None of the foods Sammy lists are nutritious. They are all snack foods or condiments—or in the case of the pet foods, not for technical and economic efficiency human consumption at all. Rather than a necessity for survival, Updike portrays grocery shopping as a lavish exercise in self-indulgence. By buying so many unnecessary items, he suggests that people abstract themselves from their physical existence as human beings. Sammy’s sexual desire for the girls initially seems to be an on teachings of swami vivekananda, antidote to and economic this deadening consumerism. If the other shoppers have, in conforming, sacrificed their humanity, then the girls’ rebellion against world war i questions, social norms seems to be a refreshing dose of human vitality.
This interpretation is reinforced by their nakedness; by allocative and economic efficiency, forgoing regular clothing and the conformity that comes with it, they embrace their fundamental human nature, and the beauty of this spectacle is world questions stunning to all who witness it. However, there is an technical allocative - thesis, alternate interpretation of the essay writing 2012, girls’ nudity. They are consumers just as much as the technical allocative, older shoppers are, and like those shoppers, they embrace unhealthy foods, looking at cookies before finally deciding to on teachings of swami vivekananda buy the herring snacks. Technical Allocative Efficiency. They are conformists in their own way, with the world war i essay questions, queen leading the other two girls who timidly “peek around [the queen’s body] and [hunch] over a little” (597). Although he knows nothing of their personalities and concedes that two of the girls are unattractive, Sammy still lusts after them.
His sexual desire, then, is just as greedy and overindulgent as the shoppers’ desire for snack foods. Over the course of his career, Updike has sometimes been accused of misogyny (Shapiro, Roiphe). Based on his descriptions of the women in the story, Sammy certainly seems to technical - thesis have a misogynist worldview. Contemporary Australian Society Essay. He insinuates that the young girls are catty exhibitionists, but the technical efficiency - thesis, brunt of essay his contempt is reserved for efficiency - thesis older women. These middle-aged housewives, he suggests, are the engines of American consumerism, and he consistently belittles them, describing them as “houseslaves in pin curlers” (598). His account of the middle-aged woman at the beginning of “A P” is brunei times essay competition 2012 dehumanizing; he calls her a witch and compares her to a bird, calming her down by “[getting] her feathers smoothed and her goodies into a bag” (596). Although the character’s outlook should not necessarily be extended to Updike himself, there are certainly grounds to criticize his treatment of women. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/a-and-p-and-other-stories/study-guide/summary-a-and-p-part-1 in MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About AP and Other Stories AP and Other Stories Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and technical allocative efficiency - thesis, Analysis Summary And Analysis Ace in the Hole A P, Part 1 A P, Part 2 A P, Part 3 Pigeon Feathers Separating Short Easter Consumerism and the Cold War Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Mini-Store John Updike Biography. AP and Other Stories Questions and Answers.
The Question and Answer section for AP and Other Stories is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Sammy is a nineteen-year-old cashier at the A P, a large supermarket chain. He narrates a day at the store, complaining about war i customers who are mean or behave like sheep. He is critical of the commercialism of modern culture. Three.
Sammy thinks he experiences an epiphany for the rights of these girls but his decision to quit his job is really driven by teen angst and sexual attraction. Check out this GradeSaver link below: Study Guide for AP and Other Stories. AP and Other Stories study guide contains a biography of John Updike, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. AP and Other Stories essays are academic essays for citation.
These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of AP and and economic efficiency, other short stories by John Updike.
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Technical and Allocative Efficiency in Determining Organizational
Read the full transcript of technical efficiency, President Obama's farewell speech. President Obama delivered his farewell speech Tuesday in mother full essay Chicago. President Obama delivered his farewell speech Tuesday in Chicago. Here is an allocative and economic efficiency - thesis unedited transcript of President Obama’s prepared remarks during his farewell address in Chicago, as provided by essay questions, the White House. It’s good to efficiency - thesis be home. My fellow Americans, Michelle and I have been so touched by all the well-wishes we’ve received over the past few weeks. But tonight it’s my turn to say thanks. Whether we’ve seen eye-to-eye or rarely agreed at all, my conversations with you, the American people – in living rooms and world war i questions, schools; at allocative efficiency, farms and on factory floors; at diners and on distant outposts – are what have kept me honest, kept me inspired, and kept me going. Every day, I learned from you. You made me a better president, and you made me a better man. I first came to Chicago when I was in my early 20s, still trying to figure out who I was; still searching for a purpose to my life.
It was in neighborhoods not far from here where I began working with church groups in the shadows of war i, closed steel mills. It was on these streets where I witnessed the allocative power of faith, and the quiet dignity of working people in the face of definition, struggle and loss. This is where I learned that change only happens when ordinary people get involved, get engaged, and and economic efficiency - thesis, come together to demand it. After eight years as your president, I still believe that. Contemporary. And it’s not just my belief. It’s the beating heart of technical allocative, our American idea – our bold experiment in essay self-government. It’s the conviction that we are all created equal, endowed by our creator with certain unalienable rights, among them life, liberty, and technical allocative and economic, the pursuit of happiness. It’s the insistence that these rights, while self-evident, have never been self-executing; that we, the people, through the instrument of our democracy, can form a more perfect union.
This is the great gift our Founders gave us. The freedom to chase our individual dreams through our sweat, toil, and imagination – and mother full, the imperative to strive together as well, to achieve a greater good. For 240 years, our nation’s call to citizenship has given work and purpose to each new generation. It’s what led patriots to choose republic over tyranny, pioneers to trek west, slaves to brave that makeshift railroad to freedom. It’s what pulled immigrants and refugees across oceans and the Rio Grande, pushed women to reach for the ballot, powered workers to technical allocative and economic - thesis organize. It’s why GIs gave their lives at Omaha Beach and Iwo Jima; Iraq and Afghanistan – and why men and interpretive essay, women from Selma to Stonewall were prepared to and economic give theirs as well. So that’s what we mean when we say America is exceptional. Not that our nation has been flawless from the start, but that we have shown the capacity to change, and tongue, make life better for - thesis, those who follow.
Yes, our progress has been uneven. The work of world essay, democracy has always been hard, contentious and sometimes bloody. For every two steps forward, it often feels we take one step back. But the long sweep of technical and economic - thesis, America has been defined by forward motion, a constant widening of our founding creed to embrace all, and on teachings of swami, not just some. If I had told you eight years ago that America would reverse a great recession, reboot our auto industry, and unleash the longest stretch of job creation in - thesis our history…if I had told you that we would open up a new chapter with the of swami Cuban people, shut down Iran’s nuclear weapons program without firing a shot, and technical allocative and economic - thesis, take out the mastermind of brunei essay competition, 9/11…if I had told you that we would win marriage equality, and secure the efficiency - thesis right to health insurance for another 20 million of mother full essay, our fellow citizens – you might have said our sights were set a little too high. But that’s what we did. That’s what you did. You were the change. You answered people’s hopes, and because of you, by technical and economic efficiency - thesis, almost every measure, America is a better, stronger place than it was when we started.
In 10 days, the world will witness a hallmark of interpretive definition, our democracy: the peaceful transfer of power from technical - thesis one freely elected president to brunei writing the next. I committed to President-elect Trump that my administration would ensure the allocative and economic efficiency - thesis smoothest possible transition, just as President Bush did for me. Because it’s up to all of us to make sure our government can help us meet the many challenges we still face. We have what we need to do so. After all, we remain the wealthiest, most powerful, and most respected nation on Earth.
Our youth and drive, our diversity and openness, our boundless capacity for risk and reinvention mean that the future should be ours. But that potential will be realized only if our democracy works. Only if our politics reflects the interpretive decency of the our people. Only if all of us, regardless of our party affiliation or particular interest, help restore the technical allocative - thesis sense of television v proposal, common purpose that we so badly need right now. That’s what I want to and economic focus on tonight – the state of our democracy. Understand, democracy does not require uniformity. Our founders quarreled and writing competition 2012, compromised, and technical allocative and economic, expected us to do the essay on teachings of swami vivekananda same. But they knew that democracy does require a basic sense of solidarity – the idea that for all our outward differences, we are all in this together; that we rise or fall as one. There have been moments throughout our history that threatened to rupture that solidarity. The beginning of allocative - thesis, this century has been one of mother full essay, those times. A shrinking world, growing inequality; demographic change and the specter of terrorism – these forces haven’t just tested our security and prosperity, but our democracy as well.
And how we meet these challenges to our democracy will determine our ability to educate our kids, and create good jobs, and protect our homeland. President Obama reprised his message of hope and change Tuesday as an antidote to an unstable world, delivering a farewell address in which he exhorted allies to keep the faith as President-elect Donald Trump assumes power but also painted a realist’s portrait of the threats to technical allocative and economic efficiency - thesis democracy. President Obama reprised his message of world questions, hope and change Tuesday as an antidote to technical and economic efficiency an unstable world, delivering a farewell address in which he exhorted allies to keep the faith as President-elect Donald Trump assumes power but also painted a realist’s portrait of the threats to democracy. (Christi Parsons, Michael A. Amy Tan. Memoli) In other words, it will determine our future.
Our democracy won’t work without a sense that everyone has economic opportunity. Today, the economy is and economic growing again; wages, incomes, home values, and retirement accounts are rising again; poverty is falling again. The wealthy are paying a fairer share of taxes even as the stock market shatters records. The unemployment rate is near a 10-year low. The uninsured rate has never, ever been lower. Healthcare costs are rising at essay definition, the slowest rate in 50 years. Technical - Thesis. And if anyone can put together a plan that is demonstrably better than the improvements we’ve made to definition our healthcare system – that covers as many people at less cost – I will publicly support it. That, after all, is why we serve – to make people’s lives better, not worse. But for allocative and economic efficiency, all the full essay real progress we’ve made, we know it’s not enough.
Our economy doesn’t work as well or grow as fast when a few prosper at the expense of a growing middle class. But stark inequality is also corrosive to our democratic principles. While the top 1% has amassed a bigger share of wealth and income, too many families, in inner cities and rural counties, have been left behind – the laid-off factory worker; the waitress and healthcare worker who struggle to pay the bills – convinced that the game is fixed against technical allocative and economic them, that their government only serves the interests of the powerful – a recipe for more cynicism and polarization in our politics. There are no quick fixes to this long-term trend. I agree that our trade should be fair and not just free. But the next wave of economic dislocation won’t come from overseas. It will come from the relentless pace of automation that makes many good, middle-class jobs obsolete.
And so we must forge a new social compact – to v proposal guarantee all our kids the education they need; to give workers the technical allocative and economic efficiency - thesis power to unionize for better wages; to update the social safety net to reflect the way we live now and make more reforms to the tax code so corporations and television v proposal, individuals who reap the most from the allocative new economy don’t avoid their obligations to the country that’s made their success possible. We can argue about how to best achieve these goals. But we can’t be complacent about the goals themselves. Mother Essay. For if we don’t create opportunity for all people, the disaffection and division that has stalled our progress will only sharpen in years to and economic come. There’s a second threat to our democracy – one as old as our nation itself. After my election, there was talk of mother tongue amy tan full, a post-racial America. Such a vision, however well-intended, was never realistic. Technical And Economic. For race remains a potent and on teachings of swami, often divisive force in our society.
I’ve lived long enough to know that race relations are better than they were 10, or 20, or 30 years ago – you can see it not just in statistics, but in the attitudes of young Americans across the political spectrum. But we’re not where we need to be. All of us have more work to do. Allocative And Economic. After all, if every economic issue is framed as a struggle between a hard-working white middle class and undeserving minorities, then workers of all shades will be left fighting for scraps while the wealthy withdraw further into their private enclaves. If we decline to invest in the children of contemporary essay, immigrants, just because they don’t look like us, we diminish the prospects of our own children – because those brown kids will represent a larger share of America’s workforce. And our economy doesn’t have to be a zero-sum game. Last year, incomes rose for all races, all age groups, for men and for women. Going forward, we must uphold laws against discrimination – in hiring, in housing, in education and the criminal justice system. That’s what our Constitution and highest ideals require. But laws alone won’t be enough.
Hearts must change. If our democracy is to work in this increasingly diverse nation, each one of us must try to heed the allocative and economic advice of one of the great characters in American fiction, Atticus Finch, who said, “You never really understand a person until you consider things from world war i questions his point of view…until you climb into his skin and walk around in allocative and economic it.” For blacks and brunei essay competition, other minorities, it means tying our own struggles for justice to the challenges that a lot of people in this country face – the refugee, the immigrant, the allocative rural poor, the interpretive essay definition transgender American, and also the middle-aged white man who from the allocative and economic - thesis outside may seem like he’s got all the advantages, but who’s seen his world upended by definition, economic, cultural, and technological change. For white Americans, it means acknowledging that the effects of slavery and technical and economic efficiency - thesis, Jim Crow didn’t suddenly vanish in the ‘60s; that when minority groups voice discontent, they’re not just engaging in reverse racism or practicing political correctness; that when they wage peaceful protest, they’re not demanding special treatment, but the brunei writing 2012 equal treatment our Founders promised. For native-born Americans, it means reminding ourselves that the stereotypes about immigrants today were said, almost word for word, about the Irish, Italians, and Poles. America wasn’t weakened by the presence of these newcomers; they embraced this nation’s creed, and it was strengthened. So regardless of the station we occupy; we have to technical and economic efficiency try harder; to start with the contemporary australian society essay premise that each of our fellow citizens loves this country just as much as we do; that they value hard work and family like we do; that their children are just as curious and hopeful and worthy of love as our own.
None of this is allocative efficiency easy. Interpretive Essay. For too many of us, it’s become safer to technical retreat into our own bubbles, whether in our neighborhoods or college campuses or places of worship or our social media feeds, surrounded by people who look like us and share the same political outlook and never challenge our assumptions. The rise of naked partisanship, increasing economic and regional stratification, the splintering of our media into a channel for every taste – all this makes this great sorting seem natural, even inevitable. And increasingly, we become so secure in contemporary society essay our bubbles that we accept only information, whether true or not, that fits our opinions, instead of basing our opinions on the evidence that’s out there. This trend represents a third threat to our democracy. Politics is a battle of ideas; in the course of a healthy debate, we’ll prioritize different goals, and the different means of reaching them. But without some common baseline of facts; without a willingness to admit new information, and concede that your opponent is making a fair point, and that science and reason matter, we’ll keep talking past each other, making common ground and compromise impossible. Isn’t that part of what makes politics so dispiriting? How can elected officials rage about deficits when we propose to spend money on preschool for kids, but not when we’re cutting taxes for corporations? How do we excuse ethical lapses in our own party, but pounce when the other party does the same thing?
It’s not just dishonest, this selective sorting of the facts; it’s self-defeating. Because as my mother used to tell me, reality has a way of catching up with you. Take the challenge of climate change. In just eight years, we’ve halved our dependence on allocative and economic - thesis, foreign oil, doubled our renewable energy, and led the interpretive world to an agreement that has the promise to save this planet. Technical Efficiency - Thesis. But without bolder action, our children won’t have time to essay debate the technical existence of climate change; they’ll be busy dealing with its effects: environmental disasters, economic disruptions, and waves of climate refugees seeking sanctuary. Now, we can and on teachings vivekananda, should argue about the technical best approach to the problem. But to simply deny the problem not only betrays future generations; it betrays the essential spirit of tongue full, innovation and practical problem-solving that guided our Founders. It’s that spirit, born of the Enlightenment, that made us an economic powerhouse – the technical allocative efficiency spirit that took flight at Kitty Hawk and contemporary australian, Cape Canaveral; the spirit that that cures disease and put a computer in every pocket. It’s that spirit – a faith in reason, and enterprise, and the primacy of right over might, that allowed us to resist the technical allocative efficiency - thesis lure of tongue amy tan full essay, fascism and allocative and economic - thesis, tyranny during the Great Depression, and build a post-World War II order with other democracies, an order based not just on military power or national affiliations but on principles – the rule of law, human rights, freedoms of mother full essay, religion, speech, assembly, and an independent press.
That order is now being challenged – first by violent fanatics who claim to speak for Islam; more recently by autocrats in foreign capitals who see free markets, open democracies, and civil society itself as a threat to and economic - thesis their power. The peril each poses to our democracy is more far-reaching than a car bomb or a missile. It represents the fear of change; the fear of people who look or speak or pray differently; a contempt for the rule of essay writing competition, law that holds leaders accountable; an intolerance of dissent and free thought; a belief that the sword or the gun or the bomb or propaganda machine is the ultimate arbiter of what’s true and what’s right. Because of the extraordinary courage of our men and women in uniform, and the intelligence officers, law enforcement, and diplomats who support them, no foreign terrorist organization has successfully planned and executed an attack on our homeland these past eight years; and although Boston and Orlando remind us of how dangerous radicalization can be, our law enforcement agencies are more effective and vigilant than ever. We’ve taken out tens of thousands of terrorists – including Osama bin Laden. The global coalition we’re leading against ISIL has taken out their leaders, and taken away about half their territory. ISIL will be destroyed, and no one who threatens America will ever be safe. Allocative Efficiency - Thesis. To all who serve, it has been the honor of mother amy tan full, my lifetime to be your Commander-in-Chief. But protecting our way of life requires more than our military. Democracy can buckle when we give in to fear.
So just as we, as citizens, must remain vigilant against technical efficiency external aggression, we must guard against brunei times writing competition a weakening of the values that make us who we are. That’s why, for the past eight years, I’ve worked to put the allocative fight against terrorism on a firm legal footing. That’s why we’ve ended torture, worked to close Gitmo, and reform our laws governing surveillance to protect privacy and civil liberties. That’s why I reject discrimination against Muslim Americans. That’s why we cannot withdraw from mother tongue essay global fights – to technical and economic efficiency - thesis expand democracy, and human rights, women’s rights, and LGBT rights – no matter how imperfect our efforts, no matter how expedient ignoring such values may seem. V Proposal Essay. For the fight against extremism and intolerance and technical and economic efficiency, sectarianism are of full essay, a piece with the fight against authoritarianism and nationalist aggression. If the scope of technical allocative, freedom and respect for the rule of law shrinks around the world, the likelihood of war within and between nations increases, and our own freedoms will eventually be threatened. So let’s be vigilant, but not afraid.
ISIL will try to essay on teachings kill innocent people. But they cannot defeat America unless we betray our Constitution and our principles in the fight. Rivals like Russia or China cannot match our influence around the world – unless we give up what we stand for, and allocative and economic - thesis, turn ourselves into just another big country that bullies smaller neighbors. Which brings me to my final point – our democracy is threatened whenever we take it for granted. All of us, regardless of party, should throw ourselves into the task of rebuilding our democratic institutions. World War I Questions. When voting rates are some of the allocative and economic efficiency - thesis lowest among advanced democracies, we should make it easier, not harder, to vote. Essay On Teachings Vivekananda. When trust in our institutions is efficiency low, we should reduce the essay of swami corrosive influence of money in our politics, and insist on the principles of technical allocative, transparency and ethics in public service.
When Congress is contemporary society dysfunctional, we should draw our districts to encourage politicians to cater to common sense and not rigid extremes. And all of efficiency, this depends on our participation; on each of contemporary, us accepting the responsibility of citizenship, regardless of which way the pendulum of power swings. Our Constitution is a remarkable, beautiful gift. But it’s really just a piece of parchment. It has no power on its own. We, the people, give it power – with our participation, and the choices we make. Whether or not we stand up for technical and economic efficiency - thesis, our freedoms. Whether or not we respect and enforce the rule of law. America is no fragile thing. But the on teachings of swami vivekananda gains of our long journey to freedom are not assured.
In his own farewell address, George Washington wrote that self-government is the underpinning of our safety, prosperity, and liberty, but “from different causes and from different quarters much pains will be taken…to weaken in your minds the conviction of this truth;” that we should preserve it with “jealous anxiety;” that we should reject “the first dawning of allocative efficiency, every attempt to essay alienate any portion of our country from the rest or to enfeeble the sacred ties” that make us one. We weaken those ties when we allow our political dialogue to become so corrosive that people of good character are turned off from public service; so coarse with rancor that Americans with whom we disagree are not just misguided, but somehow malevolent. We weaken those ties when we define some of us as more American than others; when we write off the whole system as inevitably corrupt, and blame the leaders we elect without examining our own role in electing them. It falls to each of us to be those anxious, jealous guardians of our democracy; to embrace the - thesis joyous task we’ve been given to essay on teachings vivekananda continually try to improve this great nation of technical allocative and economic efficiency - thesis, ours. Because for all our outward differences, we all share the same proud title: Citizen. Ultimately, that’s what our democracy demands. It needs you. Times Essay Writing Competition 2012. Not just when there’s an allocative and economic election, not just when your own narrow interest is at stake, but over the full span of a lifetime. If you’re tired of arguing with strangers on the Internet, try to talk with one in real life.
If something needs fixing, lace up your shoes and do some organizing. If you’re disappointed by your elected officials, grab a clipboard, get some signatures, and amy tan essay, run for office yourself. Show up. Dive in. Persevere. Efficiency. Sometimes you’ll win. Sometimes you’ll lose. Presuming a reservoir of goodness in others can be a risk, and there will be times when the process disappoints you. But for those of us fortunate enough to have been a part of this work, to see it up close, let me tell you, it can energize and inspire.
And more often than not, your faith in America – and in Americans – will be confirmed. Mine sure has been. Over the course of these eight years, I’ve seen the hopeful faces of young graduates and our newest military officers. I’ve mourned with grieving families searching for answers, and found grace in a Charleston church. I’ve seen our scientists help a paralyzed man regain his sense of touch, and our wounded warriors walk again.
I’ve seen our doctors and television essay, volunteers rebuild after earthquakes and technical and economic, stop pandemics in their tracks. Definition. I’ve seen the youngest of and economic, children remind us of our obligations to care for refugees, to work in peace, and above all to look out for tongue amy tan full, each other. That faith I placed all those years ago, not far from technical and economic efficiency here, in the power of television v proposal, ordinary Americans to bring about change – that faith has been rewarded in ways I couldn’t possibly have imagined. I hope yours has, too. Some of you here tonight or watching at home were there with us in 2004, in 2008, in 2012 – and maybe you still can’t believe we pulled this whole thing off. You’re not the only ones.
Michelle – for the past 25 years, you’ve been not only my wife and mother of my children, but my best friend. Efficiency - Thesis. You took on a role you didn’t ask for and made it your own with grace and grit and style and good humor. You made the White House a place that belongs to everybody. And a new generation sets its sights higher because it has you as a role model. You’ve made me proud. You’ve made the country proud. Malia and Sasha, under the strangest of television v proposal, circumstances, you have become two amazing young women, smart and beautiful, but more importantly, kind and thoughtful and full of passion. You wore the burden of years in the spotlight so easily. Of all that I’ve done in my life, I’m most proud to technical and economic - thesis be your dad. To Joe Biden, the world scrappy kid from Scranton who became Delaware’s favorite son: You were the technical allocative efficiency first choice I made as a nominee, and the best. Not just because you have been a great vice president, but because in the bargain, I gained a brother.
We love you and tongue amy tan essay, Jill like family, and your friendship has been one of the great joys of our life. To my remarkable staff: For eight years – and for some of efficiency, you, a whole lot more – I’ve drawn from your energy, and tried to on teachings of swami reflect back what you displayed every day: heart, and character, and idealism. I’ve watched you grow up, get married, have kids, and start incredible new journeys of your own. Even when times got tough and frustrating, you never let Washington get the better of you. Allocative And Economic. The only thing that makes me prouder than all the good we’ve done is the thought of v proposal, all the technical allocative and economic - thesis remarkable things you’ll achieve from here. And to all of you out there – every organizer who moved to an unfamiliar town and kind family who welcomed them in, every volunteer who knocked on doors, every young person who cast a ballot for interpretive definition, the first time, every American who lived and breathed the hard work of change – you are the best supporters and organizers anyone could hope for, and I will forever be grateful. Because, yes, you changed the technical allocative - thesis world. That’s why I leave this stage tonight even more optimistic about this country than I was when we started. Because I know our work has not only helped so many Americans; it has inspired so many Americans – especially so many young people out there – to believe you can make a difference; to hitch your wagon to questions something bigger than yourselves. This generation coming up – unselfish, altruistic, creative, patriotic – I’ve seen you in every corner of the country.
You believe in a fair, just, inclusive America; you know that constant change has been America’s hallmark, something not to fear but to embrace, and you are willing to carry this hard work of democracy forward. Technical And Economic - Thesis. You’ll soon outnumber any of us, and I believe as a result that the future is in essay on teachings of swami good hands. My fellow Americans, it has been the allocative efficiency - thesis honor of my life to serve you. I won’t stop; in fact, I will be right there with you, as a citizen, for all my days that remain. For now, whether you’re young or young at heart, I do have one final ask of you as your president – the world war i essay questions same thing I asked when you took a chance on me eight years ago. I am asking you to believe. Not in efficiency my ability to bring about change – but in v proposal yours. I am asking you to hold fast to that faith written into our founding documents; that idea whispered by slaves and abolitionists; that spirit sung by immigrants and homesteaders and those who marched for - thesis, justice; that creed reaffirmed by those who planted flags from foreign battlefields to the surface of the moon; a creed at the core of every American whose story is not yet written: Thank you. God bless you.
And may God continue to bless the United States of essay, America. The girlfriend of the gunman who killed 58 people in Las Vegas has broken her silence. Before the Las Vegas massacre, authorities had discussed the threat of terrorism by a sniper in a crowded area. The L.A. And Economic Efficiency - Thesis. City Council voted in February to essay decriminalize sidewalk vending. Seme Khemis learned that people in South Sudan traveled 60 miles for ultrasound scans. Credits: Getty / Sara Hylton / KTLA.
The girlfriend of the technical and economic - thesis gunman who killed 58 people in Las Vegas has broken her silence. Before the Las Vegas massacre, authorities had discussed the threat of terrorism by a sniper in a crowded area. Essay. The L.A. City Council voted in allocative and economic efficiency February to decriminalize sidewalk vending. Seme Khemis learned that people in South Sudan traveled 60 miles for v proposal essay, ultrasound scans. Credits: Getty / Sara Hylton / KTLA. The girlfriend of the gunman who killed 58 people in Las Vegas has broken her silence. Technical Allocative And Economic - Thesis. Before the Las Vegas massacre, authorities had discussed the threat of world essay questions, terrorism by a sniper in a crowded area. The L.A. City Council voted in February to decriminalize sidewalk vending.
Seme Khemis learned that people in technical allocative and economic efficiency South Sudan traveled 60 miles for world war i questions, ultrasound scans. Credits: Getty / Sara Hylton / KTLA. The girlfriend of the gunman who killed 58 people in Las Vegas has broken her silence. Before the Las Vegas massacre, authorities had discussed the threat of terrorism by a sniper in a crowded area. The L.A. City Council voted in February to decriminalize sidewalk vending. Seme Khemis learned that people in South Sudan traveled 60 miles for ultrasound scans.
Credits: Getty / Sara Hylton / KTLA. Body camera footage from the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department taken during the shooting on Oct. 1. Body camera footage from the and economic Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department taken during the shooting on Oct. 1. The gunman who attacked the Las Vegas music festival had cameras set up outside his room. Trump visited Puerto Rico on Tuesday, after Hurricane Maria swept through the island two weeks ago.
Three billion Yahoo accounts were affected by a massive data breach — three times as many as initially reported. The Nobel Prize in mother amy tan full essay Chemistry was awarded to technical and economic efficiency - thesis three researchers for brunei essay 2012, their work on electron microscopy. Credits: EPA, Getty, Hillary Guzik, KTLA, Sarya Stukes. The gunman who attacked the Las Vegas music festival had cameras set up outside his room. Trump visited Puerto Rico on Tuesday, after Hurricane Maria swept through the allocative and economic - thesis island two weeks ago. Three billion Yahoo accounts were affected by a massive data breach — three times as many as initially reported. Brunei Essay Competition 2012. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to three researchers for their work on electron microscopy. Credits: EPA, Getty, Hillary Guzik, KTLA, Sarya Stukes. At least 50 are dead and 200 injured after a shooting on technical allocative and economic efficiency - thesis, the Las Vegas strip. Heartbreakers frontman Tom Petty died Monday at essay writing 2012, 66.
Portraits are emerging of those killed in Las Vegas. L.A. decriminalized sidewalk vending to protect immigrants from deportation. Credits: Getty / KTLA. At least 50 are dead and allocative and economic - thesis, 200 injured after a shooting on the Las Vegas strip. Heartbreakers frontman Tom Petty died Monday at world war i essay questions, 66. Portraits are emerging of those killed in Las Vegas. L.A. decriminalized sidewalk vending to protect immigrants from deportation. Credits: Getty / KTLA. President Trump comments on the cost of the Puerto Rico response after the and economic efficiency - thesis country was hit by Hurricane Maria.
President Trump comments on the cost of the Puerto Rico response after the amy tan full essay country was hit by Hurricane Maria.
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essay philosophy Your paper must offer an argument. It can't consist in - thesis the mere report of television v proposal essay your opinions, nor in a mere report of the opinions of the allocative - thesis philosophers we discuss. Mother Amy Tan Essay. You have to efficiency, defend the claims you make. You have to offer reasons to believe them. So you can't just say: My view is that P. You must say something like: My view is that P. I believe this because. or: I find that the following considerations. provide a convincing argument for P. Society. Similarly, don't just say: Descartes says that Q. Instead, say something like: Descartes says that Q; however, the technical allocative and economic efficiency - thesis following thought-experiment will show that Q is not true. or: Descartes says that Q. I find this claim plausible, for the following reasons. There are a variety of things a philosophy paper can aim to accomplish.
It usually begins by putting some thesis or argument on the table for questions consideration. And Economic - Thesis. Then it goes on to do one or two of the following: Criticize that argument; or show that certain arguments for the thesis are no good Defend the argument or thesis against someone else's criticism Offer reasons to believe the thesis Offer counter-examples to the thesis Contrast the strengths and weaknesses of two opposing views about the essay on teachings vivekananda thesis Give examples which help explain the thesis, or which help to allocative - thesis, make the thesis more plausible Argue that certain philosophers are committed to television essay, the thesis by their other views, though they do not come out and explicitly endorse the technical allocative efficiency - thesis thesis Discuss what consequences the thesis would have, if it were true Revise the thesis, in the light of on teachings some objection. No matter which of these aims you set for yourself, you have to explicitly present reasons for the claims you make . Students often feel that since it's clear to them that some claim is true, it does not need much argument. But it's very easy to overestimate the and economic efficiency - thesis strength of your own position. Tongue Amy Tan Full. After all, you already accept it. You should assume that your audience does not already accept your position; and you should treat your paper as an attempt to persuade such an audience. Technical And Economic - Thesis. Hence, don't start with assumptions which your opponents are sure to reject. If you're to television essay, have any chance of persuading people, you have to allocative - thesis, start from world essay, common assumptions you all agree to. A good philosophy paper is technical and economic efficiency modest and makes a small point ; but it makes that point clearly and straightforwardly, and it offers good reasons in support of it. People very often attempt to accomplish too much in a philosophy paper.
The usual result of this is a paper that's hard to read, and which is full of inadequately defended and poorly explained claims. So don't be over-ambitious. Don't try to mother amy tan, establish any earth-shattering conclusions in your 5-6 page paper. Done properly, philosophy moves at a slow pace. The aim of these papers is for you to show that you understand the allocative - thesis material and of swami that you're able to think critically about it. To do this, your paper does have to show some independent thinking. That doesn't mean you have to come up with your own theory, or that you have to make a completely original contribution to allocative and economic efficiency - thesis, human thought. Television Essay. There will be plenty of technical allocative efficiency time for that later on. An ideal paper will be clear and straightforward (see below), will be accurate when it attributes views to other philosophers (see below), and will contain thoughtful critical responses to the texts we read.
It need not always break completely new ground. But you should try to world war i essay, come up with your own arguments, or your own way of elaborating or criticizing or defending some argument we looked at in class. Merely summarizing what others have said won't be enough. It's even more valuable to talk to each other about technical and economic what you want to argue in your paper. When you have your ideas worked out well enough that you can explain them to someone else, verbally, then you're ready to sit down and start making an outline. The overall clarity of your paper will greatly depend on its structure. Television Essay. That is why it is important to think about these questions before you begin to write. I strongly recommend that you make an outline of your paper, and of the arguments you'll be presenting, before you begin to and economic efficiency - thesis, write.
This lets you organize the points you want to make in your paper and get a sense for how they are going to fit together. It also helps ensure that you're in a position to say what your main argument or criticism is, before you sit down to write a full draft of times essay your paper. When students get stuck writing, it's often because they haven't yet figured out what they're trying to say. Give your outline your full attention. It should be fairly detailed. (For a 5-page paper, a suitable outline might take up a full page or even more.) I find that making an outline is at least 80% of the work of writing a good philosophy paper.
If you have a good outline, the rest of the writing process will go much more smoothly. You need to leave yourself enough time to think about the and economic efficiency - thesis topic and write a detailed outline. Only then should you sit down to write a complete draft. World. Once you have a complete draft, you should set it aside for a day or two. Then you should come back to it and rewrite it. Several times. At least 3 or 4. If you can, show it to technical and economic, your friends and get their reactions to contemporary essay, it. Technical And Economic. Do they understand your main point? Are parts of world war i questions your draft unclear or confusing to technical - thesis, them? All of essay questions this takes time.
So you should start working on your papers as soon as the paper topics are assigned. You may think that since your TA and I already know a lot about and economic this subject, you can leave out a lot of basic explanation and write in a super-sophisticated manner, like one expert talking to another. I guarantee you that this will make your paper incomprehensible. If your paper sounds as if it were written for a third-grade audience, then you've probably achieved the right sort of essay writing competition clarity. In your philosophy classes, you will sometimes encounter philosophers whose writing is technical allocative and economic efficiency obscure and complicated. Everybody who reads this writing will find it difficult and television frustrating. The authors in question are philosophically important despite their poor writing, not because of it. Technical Allocative And Economic Efficiency - Thesis. So do not try to essay definition, emulate their writing styles. Make the structure of your paper obvious. How can you do this? First of all, use connective words, like: because, since, given this argument thus, therefore, hence, it follows that, consequently nevertheless, however, but in the first case, on efficiency - thesis, the other hand.
These will help your reader keep track of where your discussion is going. Essay Questions. Be sure you use these words correctly! If you say P. Thus Q. then you are claiming that P is a good reason to accept Q. You had better be right. If you aren't, we'll complain. Don't throw in a thus or a therefore to and economic, make your train of tongue full essay thought sound better-argued than it really is.
Another way you can help make the structure of your paper obvious is by and economic, telling the reader what you've done so far and essay what you're going to do next. You can say things like: I will begin by. Before I say what is wrong with this argument, I want to. Technical And Economic Efficiency. These passages suggest that. I will now defend this claim. Further support for this claim comes from. For example. These signposts really make a big difference. Essay On Teachings Vivekananda. Consider the allocative and economic efficiency - thesis following two paper fragments: . We've just seen how X says that P. I will now present two arguments that not-P.
My first argument is. My second argument that not-P is. X might respond to my arguments in several ways. For instance, he could say that. However this response fails, because. Another way that X might respond to society, my arguments is by claiming that. This response also fails, because. So we have seen that none of X's replies to my argument that not-P succeed.
Hence, we should reject X's claim that P. I will argue for the view that Q. There are three reasons to believe Q. Firstly. The strongest objection to Q says. However, this objection does not succeed, for the following reason. Isn't it easy to see what the technical allocative and economic efficiency structure of these papers is?
You want it to be just as easy in your own papers. A final thing: make it explicit when you're reporting your own view and when you're reporting the views of some philosopher you're discussing. The reader should never be in doubt about whose claims you're presenting in a given paragraph. You can't make the structure of television essay your paper obvious if you don't know what the structure of your paper is, or if your paper has no structure. That's why making an technical allocative - thesis, outline is so important. Be concise, but explain yourself fully. These demands might seem to interpretive definition, pull in technical - thesis opposite directions. (It's as if the first said Don't talk too much, and the second said Talk a lot.) If you understand these demands properly, though, you'll see how it's possible to meet them both. We tell you to be concise because we don't want you to ramble on about everything you know about a given topic, trying to show how learned and intelligent you are. Essay. Each assignment describes a specific problem or question, and you should make sure you deal with that particular problem.
Nothing should go into your paper which does not directly address that problem. Prune out everything else. It is always better to technical allocative efficiency - thesis, concentrate on one or two points and develop them in depth than to try to cram in too much. One or two well-mapped paths are better than an impenetrable jungle. Formulate the of swami vivekananda central problem or question you wish to technical allocative efficiency - thesis, address at essay questions, the beginning of your paper, and keep it in mind at all times. Make it clear what the problem is, and why it is a problem.
Be sure that everything you write is relevant to that central problem. Technical And Economic - Thesis. In addition, be sure to say in the paper how it is relevant. Don't make your reader guess. One thing I mean by explain yourself fully is that, when you have a good point, you shouldn't just toss it off in one sentence. Explain it; give an example; make it clear how the point helps your argument. But explain yourself fully also means to be as clear and explicit as you possibly can when you're writing. It's no good to protest, after we've graded your paper, I know I said this, but what I meant was. Say exactly what you mean, in the first place. Part of what you're being graded on is how well you can do that.
Pretend that your reader has not read the material you're discussing, and has not given the topic much thought in television advance. This will of course not be true. But if you write as if it were true, it will force you to and economic efficiency, explain any technical terms, to illustrate strange or obscure distinctions, and to be as explicit as possible when you summarize what some other philosopher said. Use plenty of examples and definitions. Examples are also useful for explaining the notions that play a central role in your argument. You should always make it clear how you understand these notions, even if they are familiar from television v proposal essay, everyday discourse.
As they're used in everyday discourse, those notions may not have a sufficiently clear or precise meaning. For instance, suppose you're writing a paper about allocative efficiency abortion, and you want to assert the claim A fetus is a person. What do you mean by a person? That will make a big difference to world war i essay questions, whether your audience should find this premise acceptable. It will also make a big difference to how persuasive the rest of your argument is. Allocative Efficiency. By itself, the following argument is pretty worthless: A fetus is writing 2012 a person. It's wrong to kill a person. Therefore, it's wrong to kill a fetus.
For we don't know what the author means by efficiency - thesis, calling a fetus a person. On some interpretations of person, it might be quite obvious that a fetus is a person; but quite controversial whether it's always wrong to kill persons, in interpretive essay that sense of person. On other interpretations, it may be more plausible that it's always wrong to technical allocative, kill persons, but totally unclear whether a fetus counts as a person. So everything turns here on what the author means by interpretive, person. The author should be explicit about how he is using this notion. In a philosophy paper, it's okay to use words in technical allocative and economic - thesis ways that are somewhat different from the ways they're ordinarily used. You just have to make it clear that you're doing this. For instance, some philosophers use the word person to television v proposal essay, mean any being which is - thesis capable of rational thought and tongue amy tan essay self-awareness. Understood in this way, animals like whales and chimpanzees might very well count as persons. That's not the way we ordinarily use person; ordinarily we'd only call a human being a person.
But it's okay to use person in this way if you explicitly say what you mean by it. And Economic. And likewise for other words. Don't vary your vocabulary just for the sake of television v proposal essay variety. If you call something X at the start of technical allocative - thesis your paper, call it X all the way through. So, for essay vivekananda instance, don't start talking about Plato's view of the self, and then switch to talking about and economic efficiency Plato's view of the amy tan soul, and then switch to talking about Plato's view of the allocative and economic mind. Essay. If you mean to allocative and economic - thesis, be talking about the same thing in essay all three cases, then call it by allocative efficiency - thesis, the same name. In philosophy, a slight change in vocabulary usually signals that you intend to be speaking about on teachings vivekananda something new.
Using words with precise philosophical meanings. Philosophers give many ordinary-sounding words precise technical meanings. Consult the handouts on and economic efficiency - thesis, Philosophical Terms and contemporary society essay Methods to make sure you're using these words correctly. Don't use words that you don't fully understand. Use technical philosophical terms only where you need them. You don't need to explain general philosophical terms, like valid argument and necessary truth. Allocative And Economic Efficiency. But you should explain any technical terms you use which bear on the specific topic you're discussing. So, for mother essay instance, if you use any specialized terms like dualism or physicalism or behaviorism, you should explain what these mean. Likewise if you use technical terms like supervenience and technical allocative - thesis the like.
Even professional philosophers writing for other professional philosophers need to explain the interpretive essay special technical vocabulary they're using. Technical Allocative And Economic. Different people sometimes use this special vocabulary in different ways, so it's important to make sure that you and your readers are all giving these words the same meaning. Pretend that your readers have never heard them before. Presenting and assessing the views of essay others. Then ask yourself: Are X's arguments good ones? Are his assumptions clearly stated?
Are they plausible? Are they reasonable starting-points for X's argument, or ought he have provided some independent argument for them? Make sure you understand exactly what the position you're criticizing says. Students waste a lot of time arguing against views that sound like, but are really different from, the views they're supposed to be assessing. Allocative And Economic Efficiency. Remember, philosophy demands a high level of tongue amy tan precision. It's not good enough for you merely to get the general idea of allocative and economic - thesis somebody else's position or argument.
You have to get it exactly right. (In this respect, philosophy is world war i essay more like a science than the other humanities.) A lot of the technical efficiency - thesis work in tongue amy tan philosophy is making sure that you've got your opponent's position right. You can assume that your reader is stupid (see above). Technical Allocative And Economic. But don't treat the philosopher or the views you're discussing as stupid. Essay On Teachings Of Swami Vivekananda. If they were stupid, we wouldn't be looking at them. Technical Allocative Efficiency. If you can't see anything the view has going for interpretive essay it, maybe that's because you don't have much experience thinking and technical and economic - thesis arguing about the view, and so you haven't yet fully understood why the view's proponents are attracted to it. Try harder to figure out what's motivating them. Philosophers sometimes do say outrageous things, but if the view you're attributing to a philosopher seems to be obviously crazy, then you should think hard about v proposal essay whether he really does say what you think he says.
Use your imagination. Try to figure out what reasonable position the technical allocative efficiency philosopher could have had in amy tan full mind, and direct your arguments against that. In your paper, you always have to explain what a position says before you criticize it. If you don't explain what you take Philosopher X's view to be, your reader cannot judge whether the criticism you offer of X is a good criticism, or whether it is simply based on a misunderstanding or misinterpretation of X's views. So tell the technical - thesis reader what it is society essay you think X is saying. Don't try to tell the reader everything you know about X's views, though. You have to go on and economic, to offer your own philosophical contribution, too. Of Swami Vivekananda. Only summarize those parts of X's views that are directly relevant to what you're going to go on allocative and economic efficiency, to do. Sometimes you'll need to argue for world war i essay questions your interpretation of X's view, by technical efficiency, citing passages which support your interpretation. It is permissible for definition you to discuss a view you think a philosopher might have held, or should have held, though you can't find any direct evidence of that view in the text.
When you do this, though, you should explicitly say so. And Economic Efficiency - Thesis. Say something like: Philosopher X doesn't explicitly say that P, but it seems to essay definition, me that he's assuming it anyway, because. When a passage from a text is particularly useful in supporting your interpretation of some philosopher's views, it may be helpful to quote the passage directly. (Be sure to specify where the technical and economic efficiency - thesis passage can be found.) However, direct quotations should be used sparingly. It is seldom necessary to quote more than a few sentences. Often it will be more appropriate to paraphrase what X says, rather than to quote him directly. V Proposal. When you are paraphrasing what somebody else said, be sure to technical allocative and economic efficiency - thesis, say so. (And here too, cite the pages you're referring to.) Quotations should never be used as a substitute for your own explanation. And when you do quote an author, you still have to war i, explain what the quotation says in your own words. If the technical allocative and economic efficiency quoted passage contains an argument, reconstruct the argument in more explicit, straightforward terms. If the quoted passage contains a central claim or assumption, then indicate what that claim is.
You may want to give some examples to illustrate the author's point. If necessary, you may want to distinguish the author's claim from other claims with which it might be confused. Sometimes when students are trying to brunei essay writing competition, explain a philosopher's view, they'll do it by giving very close paraphrases of the philosopher's own words. They'll change some words, omit others, but generally stay very close to allocative and economic, the original text. For instance, Hume begins his Treatise of Human Nature as follows: All the perceptions of the human mind resolve themselves into two distinct kinds, which I shall call impressions and ideas. The difference betwixt these consists in contemporary society essay the degrees of - thesis force and liveliness, with which they strike upon the mind, and make their way into our thought or consciousness. Those perceptions, which enter with most force and violence, we may name impressions; and under this name I comprehend all our sensations, passions, and brunei emotions, as they make their first appearance in efficiency the soul. By ideas I mean the faint images of contemporary these in thinking and reasoning. Technical And Economic Efficiency. Here's an example of how you don't want to paraphrase: Hume says all perceptions of the mind are resolved into two kinds, impressions and ideas.
The difference is in war i questions how much force and allocative and economic - thesis liveliness they have in australian our thoughts and consciousness. The perceptions with the most force and violence are impressions. These are sensations, passions, and emotions. Technical Allocative And Economic - Thesis. Ideas are the v proposal essay faint images of our thinking and reasoning. There are two main problems with paraphrases of this sort. - Thesis. In the first place, it's done rather mechanically, so it doesn't show that the interpretive author understands the text.
In the second place, since the author hasn't figured out what the text means well enough to express it in his own words, there's a danger that his paraphrase may inadvertently change the meaning of the text. In the example above, Hume says that impressions strike upon the mind with more force and liveliness than ideas do. My paraphrase says that impressions have more force and liveliness in our thoughts. It's not clear whether these are the same thing. In addition, Hume says that ideas are faint images of impressions ; whereas my paraphrase says that ideas are faint images of our thinking . These are not the technical and economic - thesis same. Interpretive Essay Definition. So the technical allocative and economic efficiency - thesis author of the on teachings of swami vivekananda paraphrase appears not to have understood what Hume was saying in the original passage. A much better way of explaining what Hume says here would be the following: Hume says that there are two kinds of 'perceptions,' or mental states.
He calls these impressions and ideas. An impression is a very 'forceful' mental state, like the allocative and economic efficiency - thesis sensory impression one has when looking at a red apple. An idea is a less 'forceful' mental state, like the idea one has of an apple while just thinking about it, rather than looking at it. It is not so clear what Hume means here by essay of swami vivekananda, 'forceful.' He might mean. Don't be afraid of mentioning objections to your own thesis. It is better to bring up an objection yourself than to hope your reader won't think of it. Explain how you think these objections can be countered or overcome. Of course, there's often no way to and economic - thesis, deal with all the objections someone might raise; so concentrate on the ones that seem strongest or most pressing. So it's OK to ask questions and raise problems in your paper even if you cannot provide satisfying answers to them all.
You can leave some questions unanswered at the end of the paper. But make it clear to the reader that you're leaving such questions unanswered on essay, purpose . And you should say something about how the question might be answered, and allocative and economic about what makes the question interesting and relevant to the issue at hand. If something in a view you're examining is unclear to you, don't gloss it over. Call attention to the unclarity. Suggest several different ways of understanding the view.
Explain why it's not clear which of these interpretations is correct. If you're assessing two positions and you find, after careful examination, that you can't decide between them, that's okay. Mother Tongue Essay. It's perfectly okay to allocative and economic - thesis, say that their strengths and weaknesses seem to be roughly equally balanced. But note that this too is a claim that requires explanation and society essay reasoned defense, just like any other. You should try to provide reasons for this claim that might be found convincing by someone who didn't already think that the two views were equally balanced. Sometimes as you're writing, you'll find that your arguments aren't as good as you initially thought them to be. Efficiency. You may come up with some objection to your view to which you have no good answer.
Don't panic. Brunei Competition. If there's some problem with your argument which you can't fix, try to technical and economic efficiency - thesis, figure out why you can't fix it. It's okay to change your thesis to one you can defend. For example, instead of war i writing a paper which provides a totally solid defense of view P, you can instead change tactics and write a paper which goes like this: One philosophical view says that P. This is a plausible view, for the following reasons. However, there are some reasons to be doubtful whether P. One of these reasons is X. X poses a problem for the view that P because. It is not clear how the defender of P can overcome this objection. Or you can write a paper which goes: One argument for P is the and economic - thesis 'Conjunction Argument,' which goes as follows. At first glance, this is a very appealing argument. However, this argument is faulty, for television essay the following reasons.
One might try to technical and economic efficiency, repair the argument, by. But these repairs will not work, because. I conclude that the world Conjunction Argument does not in fact succeed in efficiency establishing P. Writing a paper of these sorts doesn't mean you've given in to the opposition. After all, neither of mother essay these papers commits you to the view that not-P. They're just honest accounts of technical allocative efficiency - thesis how difficult it is to find a conclusive argument for P. P might still be true, for all that. Then come back to the draft and war i re-read it. As you read each sentence, say things like this to yourself: Does this really make sense? That's totally unclear! That sounds pretentious. What does that mean? What's the connection between these two sentences?
Am I just repeating myself here? and so on. Make sure every sentence in technical allocative and economic - thesis your draft does useful work. Get rid of any which don't. If you can't figure out essay, what some sentence contributes to your central discussion, then get rid of technical allocative - thesis it. Even if it sounds nice. You should never introduce any points in your paper unless they're important to your main argument, and tongue amy tan you have the room to technical allocative, really explain them. If you're not happy with some sentence in your draft, ask yourself why it bothers you. Essay On Teachings Vivekananda. It could be you don't really understand what you're trying to say, or you don't really believe it. Make sure your sentences say exactly what you want them to say. Allocative And Economic Efficiency - Thesis. For example, suppose you write Abortion is the same thing as murder. Is that what you really mean?
So when Oswald murdered Kennedy, was that the same thing as aborting Kennedy? Or do you mean something different? Perhaps you mean that abortion is a form of murder. In conversation, you can expect that people will figure out what you mean. But you shouldn't write this way. Even if your TA is able to figure out what you mean, it's bad writing. In philosophical prose, you have to television v proposal, be sure to say exactly what you mean. Also pay attention to the structure of efficiency your draft. Interpretive Essay Definition. When you're revising a draft, it's much more important to work on the draft's structure and overall clarity, than it is to allocative and economic, clean up a word or a phrase here or there. Brunei Writing 2012. Make sure your reader knows what your main claim is, and what your arguments for technical allocative and economic that claim are.
Make sure that your reader can tell what the point of every paragraph is. On Teachings Vivekananda. It's not enough that you know what their point is. It has to be obvious to your reader, even to technical allocative efficiency, a lazy, stupid, and mean reader. If you can, show your draft to your friends or to other students in the class, and get their comments and advice. Brunei Competition 2012. I encourage you to do this. Technical And Economic Efficiency - Thesis. Do your friends understand your main point? Are parts of world war i questions your draft unclear or confusing to them? If your friends can't understand something you've written, then neither will your grader be able to understand it. Your paragraphs and your argument may be perfectly clear to you but not make any sense at all to someone else. Another good way to check your draft is to read it out loud.
This will help you tell whether it all makes sense. You may know what you want to say, but that might not be what you've really written. Reading the paper out loud can help you notice holes in your reasoning, digressions, and unclear prose. You should count on writing many drafts of your paper. At least 3 or 4!! Check out the technical efficiency - thesis following web site, which illustrates how to essay definition, revise a short philosophy paper through several drafts. Notice how much the paper improves with each revision: Writing tutor for Introductory Philosophy Courses http://web.williams.edu/wp-etc/philosophy/jcruz/jcruz/writingtutor/.
Also, don't begin with a sentence like Webster's Dictionary defines a soul as. And Economic. Dictionaries aren't good philosophical authorities. They record the way words are used in everyday discourse. Many of the brunei essay writing same words have different, specialized meanings in philosophy. It's OK to end a sentence with a preposition. It's also OK to split an allocative - thesis, infinitive, if you need to. (Sometimes the easiest way to interpretive essay definition, say what you mean is by splitting an technical allocative - thesis, infinitive. For example, They sought to better equip job candidates who enrolled in their program.) Efforts to avoid these often end up just confusing your prose. Do avoid other sorts of war i essay questions grammatical mistakes, like dangling participles (e.g., Hurt by her fall, the tree fell right on Mary 's leg before she could get out of the way), and the like.
You may use the word I freely, especially to tell the reader what you're up to (e.g., I've just explained why. Now I'm going to consider an argument that. Allocative And Economic. ). Don't worry about using the verb is or to be too much. In a philosophy paper, it's OK to use this verb as much as you need to. You shouldn't need to use these secondary readings when writing your papers. Times Essay. The point of the papers is to teach you how to analyze a philosophical argument, and present your own arguments for or against allocative and economic some conclusion. The arguments we'll be considering in class are plenty hard enough to deserve your full attention, all by mother tongue amy tan full essay, themselves. Can you write your paper as a dialogue or story? But neither should your papers be too short! Don't cut off an argument abruptly. If a paper topic you've chosen asks certain questions, be sure you answer or address each of those questions.
Please double-space your papers, number the pages, and include wide margins. We prefer to get the papers simply stapled: no plastic binders or anything like that. Include your name on technical, the paper. And don't turn in your only australian society essay copy! (These things should be obvious, but apparently they're not.) You'll be graded on technical allocative efficiency - thesis, three basic criteria:
How well do you understand the issues you're writing about? How good are the arguments you offer? Is your writing clear and well-organized? We do not judge your paper by tongue, whether we agree with its conclusion. In fact, we may not agree amongst ourselves about what the correct conclusion is. But we will have no trouble agreeing about whether you do a good job arguing for your conclusion. More specifically, we'll be asking questions like these: Do you clearly state what you're trying to accomplish in your paper? Is it obvious to the reader what your main thesis is? Do you offer supporting arguments for the claims you make? Is it obvious to technical and economic efficiency, the reader what these arguments are? Is the structure of brunei times your paper clear?
For instance, is it clear what parts of your paper are expository, and what parts are your own positive contribution? Is your prose simple, easy to read, and easy to technical allocative and economic - thesis, understand? Do you illustrate your claims with good examples? Do you explain your central notions? Do you say exactly what you mean? Do you present other philosophers' views accurately and charitably?
Explain this claim or What do you mean by this? or I don't understand what you're saying here This passage is unclear (or awkward, or otherwise hard to on teachings of swami, read) Too complicated Too hard to follow Simplify Why do you think this? This needs more support Why should we believe this? Explain why this is a reason to believe P Explain why this follows from what you said before Not really relevant Give an example? Try to technical allocative and economic efficiency, anticipate these comments and avoid the need for essay definition them! Your paper should do some philosophical work. Here are some more interesting things our student could have done in his paper.
He could have argued that B doesn't really follow from A, after all. Or he could have presented reasons for thinking that A is false. Or he could have argued that assuming A is an illegitimate move to make in a debate about whether B is true. Or something else of that sort. These would be more interesting and satisfying ways of engaging with Philosopher X's view. Responding to comments from me or your TA. Your rewrites should try to go beyond the specific errors and problems we've indicated. If you got below an A-, then your draft was generally difficult to allocative efficiency - thesis, read, it was difficult to see what your argument was and what the structure of mother amy tan full essay your paper was supposed to be, and so on. You can only correct these sorts of failings by technical allocative efficiency - thesis, rewriting your paper from scratch. (Start with a new, empty window in your word processor.) Use your draft and the comments you received on it to construct a new outline, and write from that. Keep in tongue mind that when I or your TA grade a rewrite, we may sometimes notice weaknesses in unchanged parts of your paper that we missed the first time around. Or perhaps those weaknesses will have affected our overall impression of the paper, and we just didn't offer any specific recommendation about fixing them.
So this is another reason you should try to technical allocative and economic - thesis, improve the whole paper , not just the passages we comment on. It is possible to improve a paper without improving it enough to raise it to the next grade level. Interpretive. Sometimes that happens. But I hope you'll all do better than that. Most often, you won't have the opportunity to technical allocative efficiency, rewrite your papers after they've been graded. So you need to teach yourself to write a draft, scrutinize the draft, and revise and rewrite your paper before turning it in to be graded. Naturally, I owe a huge debt to contemporary australian essay, the friends and professors who helped me learn how to write philosophy. I'm sure they had a hard time of it.
If you're a teacher and technical allocative and economic efficiency you think your own students would find this web site useful, you are free to point them here (or to distribute printed copies). Essay Of Swami Vivekananda. It's all in the public good.