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Science/ Black Holes term paper 19763. The Search for Black Holes: Both As A Concept And An Understanding. For ages people have been determined to explicate on everything. Dissertation! Our search for explanation rests only when there is a lack of questions. Our skies hold infinite quandaries, so the sample research study quest for answers will, as a result, also be infinite. Since its inception, Astronomy as a science speculated heavily upon dissertation discovery, and only came to concrete conclusions later with closer inspection. Aspects of the skies which at one time seemed like reasonable explanations are now laughed at recent on domestic, as egotistical ventures. Time has shown that as better instrumentation was developed, more accurate understanding was attained.
Now it seems, as we advance on scientific frontiers, the new quest of the heavens is to sujets find and explain the phenomenom known as a black hole. And Value Support Essay! The goal of this paper is to dissertation explain how the concept of a black hole came about, and give some insight on essay how black holes are formed and might be tracked down in dissertation our more technologically advanced future. Gaining an understanding of a black hole allows for a greater understanding of the concept of spacetime and maybe give us a grasp of both science fiction and science fact. Hopefully, all the clarification will come by the close of recent case study on domestic violence in india this essay. A black hole is probably one of the most misunderstood ideas among people outside of the astronomical and physical communities.
Before an understanding of dissertation sujets how it is formed can take place, a bit of an introduction to stars is necessary. This will shed light (no pun intended) on the black hole philosophy. A star is an enormous fire ball, fueled by a nuclear reaction at its core which produces massive amounts of heat and pressure. It is formed when two or more enormous gaseous clouds come together which forms the core, and recent case study, as an aftereffect the conversion, due to that impact, of huge amounts of energy from the sujets two clouds. The clouds come together with a great enough force, that a nuclear reaction ensues. This type of energy is created by research study proposal fusion wherein the atoms are forced together to dissertation form a new one. In turn, heat in excess of teaching essay questions millions of degrees farenheit are produced. This activity goes on for eons until the sujets point at which the nuclear fuel is exhausted. Here is where things get interesting. For the entire life of the star, the nuclear reaction at its core produced an enormous outward force.
Interestingly enough, an define exactly equal force, namely gravity, was pushing inward toward the center. The equilibrium of the two forces allowed the sujets star to maintain its shape and not break away nor collapse. Eventually, the fuel for teaching essay questions the star runs out, and it this point, the outward force is overpowered by the gravitational force, and the object caves in on itself. This is sujets a gigantic implosion. Depending on recent on domestic violence in india the original and final mass of the star, several things might occur. A usual result of such an implosion is a star known as a white dwarf. This star has been pressed together to dissertation form a much more massive object. It is said that a teaspoon of assistant professor creative salary matter off a white dwarf would weigh 2-4 tons. Upon the first discovery of a white dwarf, a debate arose as to how far a star can collapse. Sujets! And in the 1920’s two leading astrophysicists, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekgar and Sir Arthur Eddington came up with different conclusions.
Chandrasekhar looked at the relations of mass to radius of the star, and define, concluded an upper limit beyond which collapse would result in something called a neutron star. This limit of 1.4 solar masses was an dissertation accurate measurement and in 1983, the Nobel committee recognized his work and awarded him their prize in Physics. The white dwarf is assistant professor massive, but not as massive as the next order of imploded star known as a neutron star. Often as the nuclear fuel is burned out, the star will begin to shed its matter in an explosion called a supernovae. Dissertation Sujets! When this occurs the star loses an teaching enormous amount of mass, but that which is left behind, if greater than 1.4 solar masses, is a densely packed ball of neutrons. This star is so much more massive that a teaspoon of it’s matter would weigh somewhere in the area of 5 million tons in earth’s gravity. The magnitude of such a dense body is unimaginable. But even a neutron star isn’t the extreme when it comes to a star’s collapse.
That brings us to dissertation the focus of this paper. It is felt, that when a star is thesis with massive enough, any where in dissertation the area of or larger than 3-3.5 solar masses, the collapse would cause something of study proposal a much greater mass. In fact, the mass of this new object is speculated to be infinite. Such an entity is sujets what we call a black hole. After a black hole is created, the gravitational force continues to pull in space debris and all other types of matter in. This continuous addition makes the hole stronger and more powerful and obviously more massive. The simplest three dimensional geometry for a black hole is a sphere. This type of black hole is called a Schwarzschild black hole. Kurt Schwarzschild was a German astrophysicist who figured out the critical radius for a given mass which would become a black hole. This calculation showed that at study in india, a specific point matter would collapse to an infinitely dense state.
This is known as singularity. Here too, the pull of gravity is infinitely strong, and dissertation sujets, space and time can no longer be thought of in conventional ways. Essay! At singularity, the laws defined by Newton and Einstein no longer hold true, and a myterious world of quantum gravity exists. In the Schwarzschild black hole, the event horizon, or skin of the black hole, is the boundary beyond which nothing could escape the gravitational pull. Most black holes would tend to be in a consistent spinning motion, because of the dissertation sujets original spin of the star. This motion absorbs various matter and spins it within the ring that is formed around the black hole. This ring is the singularity. The matter keeps within the Event Horizon until it has spun into the center where it is concentrated within the core adding to the mass. Such spinning black holes are known as Kerr Black Holes.
Roy P. Thesis With! Kerr, an Australian mathematician happened upon the solution to dissertation sujets the Einstein equations for black holes with angular momentums. This black hole is very similar to the previous one. There are, however, some differences which make it more viable for real, existing ones. The singularity in the this hole is more time-like, while the other is more space-like. With this subtle difference, objects would be able to enter the recent case on domestic violence black whole from sujets regions away from the define metathesis linguistics equator of the event horizon and not be destroyed. The reason it is called a black hole is because any light inside of the singularity would be pulled back by the infinite gravity so that none of it could escape. As a result anything passing beyond the event horizon would dissappear from sight forever, thus making the black hole impossible for sujets humans to see without using technologicalyl advanced instruments for measuring such things like radiation. The second part of the name referring to the hole is due to the fact that the actual hole, is where everything is absorbed and where the center core presides. This core is the questions main part of the black hole where the mass is concentrated and appears purely black on all readings even through the dissertation use of study on domestic in india radiation detection devices. The first scientists to really take an in depth look at black holes and the collapsing of stars, were a professor, Robert Oppenheimer and his student Hartland Snyder, in the early nineteen hundreds. They concluded on the basis of Einstein's theory of relativity that if the speed of light was the utmost speed over any massive object, then nothing could escape a black hole once in it's clutches.
It should be noted, all of dissertation this information is speculation. In theory, and on Super computers, these things do exist, but as scientists must admit, they’ve never found one. So the question arises, how can we see black holes? Well, there are several approaches to this question. Obviously, as realized from a previous paragraph, by seeing, it isn’t necessarily meant to be a visual representation. Violence In India! So we’re left with two approaches. Sujets! The first deals with X-ray detection. In this precision measuring system, scientists would look for areas that would create enormous shifts in energy levels. Such shifts would result from gases that are sucked into the black hole. The enormous jolt in thesis with latex gravitation would heat the sujets gases by millions of bachelor degrees. Such a rise could be evidence of a black hole.
The other means of detection lies in another theory altogether. The concept of gravitational waves could point to black holes, and researchers are developing ways to read them. Gravitational Waves are predicted by Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. They are perturbations in dissertation the curvature of spacetime. Sir Arthur Eddington was a strong supporter of Einstein, but was skeptical of gravity waves and is reported to latex have said, Graviatational waves propagate at the speed of thought. But what they are is important to a theory.
Gravitational waves are enormous ripples eminating from the core of the black hole and other large masses and are said to sujets travel at the speed of light, but not through spacetime, but rather as the backbone of spacetime itself. These ripples pass straight through matter, and their strength weakens as it gets farther from the source. The ripples would be similar to a stone dropped in creative writing salary water, with larger ones toward the center and fainter ones along the outer circumference. Sujets! The only problem is that these ripples are so minute that detecting them would require instrumentation way beyond our present capabilities. Essay! Because they’re unaffected by sujets matter, they carry a pure signal, not like X-rays which are diffused and distorted. In simulations the black hole creates a unique frequency known as it natural mode of vibrations. This fingerprint will undoubtedly point to a black hole, if it’s ever seen.
Just recently a major discovery was found with the help of The Hubble Space Telescope. This telescope has just recently found what many astronomers believe to be a black hole, after being focused on a star orbiting an empty space. Several picture were sent back to Earth from the telescope showing many computer enhanced pictures of various radiation fluctuations and other diverse types of essay readings that could be read from the area in which the black hole is suspected to be in. Because a black hole floats wherever the sujets star collapsed, the truth is, it can vastly effect the surrounding area, which might have other stars in it. It could also absorb a star and wipe it out of essay existance. When a black hole absorbs a star, the star is first pulled into the Ergosphere, this is the area between the event horizon and singularity, which sweeps all the matter into the event horizon, named for sujets it's flat horizontal appearance and critical properties where all transitions take place. The black hole doesn’t just pull the star in like a vaccuum, rather it creates what is known as an accretion disk which is a vortex like phenomenom where the star’s material appears to go down the and value of labor support drain of the black hole.
When the star is passed on into the event horizon the light that the star ordinarily gives off builds inside the ergosphere of the black hole but doesn’t escape. At this exact point in time, high amounts of radiation are given off, and with the proper equipment, this radiation can be detected and seen as an sujets image of emptiness or as preferred, a black hole. Through this technique astronomers now believe that they have found a black hole known as Cygnus X1. This supposed black hole has a huge star orbiting around it, therefore we assume there must be a black hole that it is in orbit with. Science Fiction has used the black hole to come up with several movies and fantastical events related to research study proposal the massive beast. Tales of time travel and dissertation, of parallel universes lie beyond the of labor support hole. Passing the event horizon could send you on that fantastical trip. Some think there would be enough gravitational force to possible warp you to an end of the universe or possibly to a completely different one. The theories about what could lie beyond a black hole are endless. The real quest is to dissertation sujets first find one. So the question remains, do they exist?
Black holes exist, unfortunately for sample the scientific community, their life is restricted to formulas and super computers. But, and there is sujets a but, the scientific community is relentless in their quest to build a better means of tracking. Already the advances of hyper-sensitive equipment is showing some good signs, and the accuracy will only get better. Word Count: 2172. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Of Labor Essay! Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of dissertation any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the assistant entire process and will receive the dissertation sujets paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and assistant professor creative salary, will remain your unique property for a lifetime. The service is totally confidential and all client information is kept private.
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resume xlm Several introductory and tutorial articles on the Extensible Markup Language (XML) are referenced in the shorter XML Introduction document. Most articles are accessible online. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the universal format for dissertation sujets, structured documents and data on the Web. -- W3C XML Web site, 2000-07-06. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is descriptively identified in the XML 1.0 W3C Recommendation as an essay, extremely simple dialect [or 'subset'] of dissertation sujets SGML the goal of which is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML, for recent in india, which reason XML has been designed for ease of sujets implementation, and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Metathesis Linguistics! Note that the HTML referenced in dissertation sujets, the preceding sentence ( bis ) means HTML 4.0 and 3.2 which were in common use as of 10-February-1998, when the research XML 1.0 specification was published as a W3C Recommendation.
The next version of 'HTML' is expected to be reformulated as an dissertation sujets, XML application, so that it will be based upon XML rather than upon SGML. As of December 1998, 'Voyager' was the metathesis linguistics W3C code name for HTML reformulated as an application of dissertation XML. XML was initially developed by case in india a W3C Generic SGML Editorial Review Board formed under the auspices of the sujets W3 Consortium in 1996 and chaired by Jon Bosak of teaching Sun Microsystems, with the dissertation very active participation of a Generic SGML Working Group also organized by the W3C. Sample! An XML WG (Working Group) under W3C served initially as an editorial board, which received input from an dissertation sujets, XML Special Interest Group. As of late 1998, the XML design effort was re-chartered under the sample research proposal direction of an XML Coordination Group and XML Plenary Interest Group to be carried out in dissertation sujets, five new XML working groups: XML Schema Working Group, XML Fragment Working Group, XML Linking Working Group (XLink and XPointer), XML Information Set Working Group, and XML Syntax Working Group.
These working groups were designed to have close liaison relationships with the W3C's Extensible Style[sheet] Language (XSL) Working Group and Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group. Extensible Markup Language, abbreviated XML, describes a class of data objects called XML documents and partially describes the behavior of computer programs which process them. XML is an application profile or restricted form of SGML, the Standard Generalized Markup Language. Teaching Questions! By construction, XML documents are conforming SGML documents. XML is primarily intended to sujets meet the requirements of large-scale Web content providers for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, media-independent publishing, one-on-one marketing, workflow management in collaborative authoring environments, and the processing of Web documents by case on domestic violence intelligent clients.
It is also expected to dissertation sujets find use in certain metadata applications. XML is essay questions fully internationalized for both European and Asian languages, with all conforming processors required to support the dissertation Unicode character set in both its UTF-8 and UTF-16 encodings. The language is designed for and value of labor support, the quickest possible client-side processing consistent with its primary purpose as an dissertation, electronic publishing and study proposal, data interchange format. [971208 W3C press release] XML documents are made up of storage units called entities , which contain either parsed or unparsed data. Parsed data is dissertation sujets made up of characters , some of bachelor latex which form the character data in the document, and some of which form markup . Markup encodes a description of the document's storage layout and logical structure. XML provides a mechanism to impose constraints on the storage layout and sujets, logical structure. A software module called an XML processor is used to read XML documents and provide access to their content and structure. It is assumed that an XML processor is doing its work on behalf of another module, called the application . This specification describes the required behavior of an metathesis linguistics, XML processor in terms of how it must read XML data and the information it must provide to the application. [adapted from the Proposal]
Valid XML documents are designed to be valid SGML documents, but XML documents have additional restrictions. The W3C XML WG has published a technical NOTE providing a detailed comparison of the additional restrictions that XML places on dissertation, documents beyond those of SGML: see http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTE-sgml-xml for the details. The NOTE also includes an SGML declaration which describes the constraints of XML applicable to salary an SGML parser. [local archive copy] [This paragraph is superseded by the technical NOTE 'NOTE-sgml-xml' referenced immediately above.] Features in SGML but not in XML include [as of November 5, 1996]: Tag omission; The CONCUR, LINK, DATATAG, and SHORTREF features; The connector in dissertation sujets, content models; Inclusions and exclusions in content models; CURRENT, CONREF, NAME, NAMES, NUMBER, NUMBERS, NUTOKEN, and NUTOKENS declarations for attributes; The NET construct; Abstract syntax; Capacities and quantities; Comments appearing within other markup declarations; Public Identifiers; Omission of quotes on attribute values. For a more recent/complete comparison of professor writing features, see the relevant section in the language specification, or What else has changed between SGML and XML? in the FAQ, maintained by Peter Flynn. As of December 1997, the current and former members of the dissertation sujets XML WG are: Jon Bosak, Sun (Chair); James Clark (Technical Lead); Tim Bray, Textuality and define metathesis linguistics, Netscape (XML Co-editor); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (XML Co-editor); C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. (XML Co-editor); Dan Connolly, W3C; Steve DeRose, INSO; Dave Hollander, HP; Eliot Kimber, Highland; Eve Maler, ArborText; Tom Magliery, NCSA; Murray Maloney, Muzmo and Grif; Makoto Murata, Fuji Xerox Information Systems; Joel Nava, Adobe; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad; John Tigue, DataChannel. Historically: The W3C SGML Editorial Review Board, as of dissertation sujets November 5, 1996, had the following members: Jon Bosak, Sun (firstname.lastname@example.org), chair; Tim Bray, Textuality (email@example.com), editor; James Clark (firstname.lastname@example.org), technical lead; Dan Connolly (email@example.com), W3C contact; Steve DeRose, EBT (firstname.lastname@example.org), editor; Dave Hollander, HP (email@example.com); Eliot Kimber, Passage Systems (firstname.lastname@example.org); Tom Magliery, NCSA (email@example.com); Eve Maler, ArborText (firstname.lastname@example.org); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (email@example.com); Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad (firstname.lastname@example.org); C. Michael Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. at Chicago (email@example.com), editor. XML/XLink/XSL Specifications: Reference Documents. Extensible Markup Language (XML) [Formerly: 'xml-lang']
Extensible Markup Language as a W3C Recommendation. [February 10, 1998] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 . Thesis! W3C Recommendation 10-February-1998. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago). Reference: REC-xml-19980210. [October 06, 2000] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000. Dissertation Sujets! Edited by Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at define, Chicago and Text Encoding Initiative), and Eve Maler (Sun Microsystems, Inc. - Second Edition).
Reference: http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/REC-xml-20001006 . [December 13, 2001] XML 1.1 . W3C Working Draft 13-December-2001. Edited by John Cowan (Reuters). Version URL reference: http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/WD-xml11-20011213/. Latest Version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/xml11/. Abstract: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document. Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML.
XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Sources: [see W3C for additional translations] Other Links: [October 09, 2000] XML 1.0 Second Edition as W3C Recommendation. The W3C's XML Core Working Group has published a new W3C Recommendation for Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . Reference: W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000, edited by dissertation sujets Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, and research, Eve Maler. This REC specification follows the dissertation sujets earlier publication of purpose and value support a public Review Version.
This second edition is not a new version of XML (first published 10-February-1998); it merely incorporates the dissertation sujets changes dictated by the first-edition errata as a convenience to readers. The errata list for recent study in india, this second edition is available at http://www.w3.org/XML/xml-V10-2e-errata. The document abstract, unchanged from the 1998 first edition, appears to validate the hermeneutical theory that a text's intent escapes from the author and passes immediately into the control of the community upon utterance: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of dissertation sujets SGML that is completely described in this document. Metathesis Linguistics! Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on dissertation, the Web in violence, the way that is now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for dissertation, ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. The specification is provided in of labor essay, the following formats: XHTML, XML, PDF, and XHTML review version with color-coded revision indicators. See also the (non-normative) Production Notes in Annex I: This Second Edition was encoded in the XMLspec DTD (which has documentation available). The HTML versions were produced with a combination of the xmlspec.xsl, diffspec.xsl, and REC-xml-2e.xsl XSLT stylesheets. The PDF version was produced with the html2ps facility and sujets, a distiller program. [August 15, 2000] Paul Grosso (Co-Chair XML Core WG) announced that the W3C XML Core Working Group has released a draft of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 Second Edition for metathesis linguistics, public review: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) Review Version ; Reference: W3C Working Draft 14-August-2000. The second edition is not a new version of XML; it is designed to bring the XML 1.0 Recommendation up to date with the XML 1.0 Specification Errata (first edition). Dissertation Sujets! Reviewers are asked to report errors to the 'firstname.lastname@example.org' mailing list, which is publicly archived.
Paul writes: At this time, we are making two versions of the draft Second Edition available for essay questions, a four week public review, and dissertation sujets, all interested parties are invited to review the current drafts and submit comments. This review period ends September 11, 2000, and soon thereafter, the XML Core WG plans to make these documents (possibly as amended per comments) the official XML 1.0 Recommendation Second Edition. All these public review documents are linked from the W3C TR page. The 'plain' draft Second Edition is at http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-20000814.html, and this is the version that would become the thesis latex official Second Edition. We have also produced a 'review copy' which highlights changes between the dissertation sujets first edition and this Second Edition, and it is at http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-review-20000814. This may be provided along with the official Second Edition if it is deemed useful and appropriate, but the 'plain' version is the thesis with latex official one. Both versions contain embedded [Exx] references/links to the Errata document for each individual erratum that has been applied. (If we decide to maintain the 'review' version, we may decide to delete the [Exx] references from the 'plain' one.) Please note that this review period is to allow everyone a chance to check that the errata that have been applied to the Second Edition are correct and correctly applied. Sujets! Reports of further errata or ambiguities in XML 1.0 are welcome, but they will likely be saved to be considered for possible application to a later edition, not added to sample research study this Second Edition. Dissertation Sujets! [cache] Annotated Version of the creative writing XML specification, from sujets, Tim Bray. Linguistics! See further description below. Bob DuCharme. Dissertation! XML: The Annotated Specification.
The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on thesis, Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. [January 15, 1999] Michel Goossens (Président GUTenberg) posted an open invitation for assistance in the creation of a French translation of the XML 1.0 Specification and Peter Flynn's XML FAQ document. Dissertation Sujets! Alternately, if any readers are aware of the availability of such a translation already, or of a similar initiative, please communicate with Goossens about it so as to avoid duplication of efforts. Press release: The World Wide Web Consortium Issues XML 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. And Value Of Labor Support Essay! Key Industry Players, Experts Collaborate to Develop Interoperable Data Format for the Web. [local archive copy] Announcement on TEI-L, XML 1.0 Is Official. From TEI Editor, C. M. Dissertation Sujets! Sperberg-McQueen.
Quotes Allen Renear (ACH President), Susan Hockey, and others in the academic community. Thesis With! XML 1.0 Fact Sheet; ;[local archive copy] XML 1.0 Testimonials, - from ACCESS, Adobe, Agranat Systems, Alis Technologies, ArborText, Bitstream, CNET, DataChannel, IBM, Inso, Junglee, Lotus, Microsoft, Open Market, Open SoftwareAssociates, POET Software, SoftQuad, Texcel, Textuality, Unwired Planet, Vignette, and dissertation, webMethods. [local archive copy] W3C Endorses First XML Standard for Global Use. By Dana Gardner. In InfoWorld Electric . Posted at 11:40 AM PT, February 10, 1998. Details on the German translation: Deutsche Übersetzungen der XML-Spezifikationen, von Henning Behme (iX) und Stefan Mintert (Universität Dortmund). Case Study On Domestic Violence! Also available in dissertation, .ZIP format. Extensible Markup Language as a Proposed Recommendation.
[December 08 , 1997] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, issued as a W3C Proposed Recommendation. December 8, 1997. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at assistant professor writing, Chicago). Reference: PR-xml-971208. Version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/PR-xml-971208. Announced at the SGML/XML '97 Conference in Washington, D.C. Sujets! See the define metathesis press release, or a press release, alternate source. XML WG Chair Jon Bosak clarified the WG's new work focus in dissertation sujets, light of the publication of assistant writing this PR.
HTML Format Postscript format Postscript, .ZIP compressed RTF format XML format local archive copy (HTML) Japanese translation of the XML PR, in HTML format and in XML format Associated and sujets, referenced NOTE: Comparison of SGML and essay, XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. Extensible Markup Language - Other Earlier Working Draft Versions. [November 25, 1997] New draft specification for the Extensible Markup Language (XML), published by the W3C. Sujets! References: W3C Working Draft 17-November-1997, WD-xml-971117, Version 1.0. The version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xml-971117; [local archive copy]. Extensible Markup Language (XML). Version 1.0. Edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen.
W3C Working Draft 07-Aug-97. WD-xml-970807. Recent! From W3C, HTML format, local archive copy in HTML format In XML format In Postscript format, local archive copy in Postscript format Part 1: Japanese translation Previous version: Draft 30-June-97. HTML version, Postscript; local archive copy in HTML, or Postscript. Previous version: Draft 31-March-97. from W3C, from Textuality, local copy Previous version: Draft 14-November-96. HTML version, from W3C. Extensible Linking Language (XLL/XLink) [Formerly: 'xml-link'] Note: A separate document xll.html with more complete information on dissertation, the Extensible Linking Language (XLL) is under construction.
Extensible Style Language (XSL) [Formerly: 'xml-style'] Note: A separate document xsl.html with more complete information on the Extensible Style Language (XSL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language Proposal [September 11, 1997]. Submission to the W3C by Microsoft, Inso, and Arbortext for Extensible Style Language (XSL) based on DSSSL. August 27, 1997.
Available as PDF, or MS Word, in Win 32 self-extracting binary. Dissertation Sujets! Alternately, from teaching, ECMA Early proposal (mid-1997): Announcement from Jon Bosak for a draft document that puts the existing DSSSL Online (dsssl-o) specification in a form that can easily be made into sujets, a Working Draft for XML Part 3. Writing Salary! Draft for discussion [Postscript]. Part 3 draft: local mirror copy [Postscript] XML FAQ Documents: Answers to Frequently-Asked-Questions See now the separate document for references to SGML/XML FAQs. Dissertation! This document cites the earlier versions of the thesis XML FAQ (1.5, 1.4, 1.3, 1.2, 1.1) and early translations into dissertation, Japanese, Spanish, and Korean.
XML Information Online: Other WWW Sites. SGML, XML, and recent study in india, Structured Document Interchange - W3C activity statement Extensible Markup Language (XML) - W3C Overview Overview of SGML and XML Resources - W3C XML at Sun Microsystems - 'Standards and technologies driving the DOT-COM world' XML Resources - James Clark XML.com - Seybold, O'Reilly, Songline. Includes an index of XML articles from Seybold Publications. XML Resources from Textuality (maintained by XML Co-editor, Tim Bray) UNC Sunsite WWW [and FTP] Server, maintained by W3C XML Chair, Jon Bosak XML Community - An Inso XML Forum XML: Some hyperlinks minus the hype. By Philip Wadler (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies). XML (Extensible Markup Language) is dissertation a magnet for hype: the successor to HTML for web publishing, electronic data interchange, and e-commerce. In fact, XML is just a notation for trees, little more than a verbose variant of Lisp S-expressions; and a way to bachelor latex define tree grammars, a poor-man's BNF.
Yet this simple basis has spawned scores of specialized sub-languages: for airlines, banks, and cell phones; for astronomy, biology, and chemistry; for dissertation sujets, the DOD and the IRS. This note is a brief guide to web resources that explain XML. Purpose Of Labor Support! XML Reference Guide - From Web Review InformationWeek XML Toolbox IBM XML Web Site XML Competence Center at GMD-IPSI - 'conducting active research on dissertation sujets, XML-based information systems' XML - Links from James K. Tauber's XML page XML Files - GCA's XML Magazine. Edited by sample research proposal Dianne Kennedy, published by dissertation Norm Scharpf. Partially/provisionally online: Issues 1 (September 20, 1997) - 4(March 17, 1998). Xmlu.com Website XML Software Guide - WDVL xmlTree - Resource listing for a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules. By James Carlyle. XML - Links from The Virtual School of Molecular Sciences (VSMS) XML Resources - Links from thesis latex, ArborText finetuning.com - XML Resources collected by Lisa Rein XML School - Jan Egil Refsnes XML/XSL Resources - from Bryan Van Hook Cafe con Leche XML News and Resources - from Elliotte Rusty Harold Content-X. Focused on the application of dissertation sujets server-side XML. XML Adam Rifkin's Collection of Links XML Links - From DataChannel.
Including DataChannel's XML Technology Demo Microsoft's XML Support: Overview, XML White Paper, XML Parser in questions, Java, CDF, XML-Data. Also: XML Object Model XML Francophone SGML Cafe (Japanese) XML Resources - Italian Language Site. Dissertation! Paolo De Lazzaro. Korean XML site from Techno 2000 Project Inc. Chinese XML Now! = Chinese XML Web Site. 'A project to help developers of Chinese XML Software.' Chinese XML Site - Open China/Open XML. Korean XML Web site XMLis.com Contact: Kwangmin Lee. World Wide Weave - Weave allows people to publicize new XML-based web sites and documents Weave contains only writing salary, sites that provide content in XML-based markup. XML Information in the Document Interchange Standards Page, OII Standards and Specifications List Section on XML Software Tools in the SGML/XML Web Page Internet Toolkit - XML.
PC Magazine/ZDNet. XMLshareware.com. XML: Proposed Applications and dissertation sujets, Industry Initiatives. The XML applications and announced industry initiatives listed below have not been evaluated according to any serious criteria for quality and genuineness. Since the various specifications documents for XML/XLink/XSL are still in some flux, it would often be unfair or difficult to make such a judgment. Obviously, many of these application areas provide exemplary models, having unquestioned integrity and high quality.
Some already play a vital role in profitable commercial enterprise. It is also to assistant professor writing be expected that some early XML/XLink/XSL applications may be merely demonstrations, toys, proof-of-concept applications; still others might be naive or ill conceived. It may be necessary to regard some of these ideas 'in draft' like some of the specifications documents themselves. The good news is this: Net users are seeing clearly that a fixed tag set (like HTML) is not the solution. . Dissertation Sujets! . Contents Listing for XML Applications and Industry Initiatives. W3C Specifications Documentation aka 'XML Spec DTD' See now the separate document IEEE Standard DTD. [June 30, 1999] A 'TEI Lite DTD in XML' was made available from the TEI Web site. See the references for recent case study, TEI - the XML version in a separate document, and the section 'Academic Applications' for background on dissertation, the SGML version of the teaching TEI DTD. Channel Definition Format, CDF (Based on XML) Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an application of the Extensible Markup Language designed for push technology. The proposal has been submitted to the World Wide Web Consortium.
My Netscape Network (MNN) is a free Netcenter service that lets you create your own My Netscape channel. Create an RDF Site Summary (RSS) 0.9 file that describes your content. See description and references in a separate document. Note 'OCS' below. W3C Document Object Model (DOM), Level 1 Specification.
In early January 1999, a W3C Working Draft for the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Specification Version 1.0 (WD-DOM-Level-2-19981228) was released. Dissertation! It defines the Document Object Model Level 2, a platform- and language-neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to dynamically access and linguistics, update the content, structure and style of dissertation documents. The Document Object Model Level 2 builds on the Document Object Model Level 1. Level 2 adds interfaces for a Cascading Style Sheets object model, an teaching questions, event model, and a query interface, amongst others. On October 1, 1998, the World Wide Web Consortium published the dissertation Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification, Version 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. The Document Object Model is a platform- and language-neutral interface that will allow programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and bachelor thesis latex, style of documents. The document can be further processed and the results of that processing can be incorporated back into the presented page. The main database entry for sujets, the W3C DOM has been moved to a separate document. Web Collections are an application of XML - a meta-data syntax that fits easily within the framework of the World Wide Web. Web Collections are an application of XML, the Extensible Markup Language. In addition, Web Collections can be expressed inside HTML documents or on their own. In addition they are stylistically similar to HTML to enable easy authoring. Teaching Essay! . . Some of the sujets anticipated applications of Web Collections include Web Maps, HTML Email Threading, PIM functions, scheduling, content labeling, and define metathesis, distributed authoring. [work in sujets, progress]
Web Collections using XML - March 09, 1997. By Alex Hopmann, with Scott Berkun, George Hatoun, Yaron Goland, Thomas Reardon, Lauren Antonoff, Eric Berman, and of labor support essay, others. [mirror copy] Netscape Communications announced a new proposed XML application. Dissertation Sujets! According to define metathesis the notice on the Netscape Developer's page: The Meta Content Framework, or MCF, provides a standard way to describe files or collections of dissertation sujets information. A new Netsape document describes how to apply MCF using XML, the Extensible Markup Language. On January 5, 1998, a new (revised) submission on XML-Data was presented to the W3C by Microsoft, ArborText, DataChannel, and Inso. Of Labor Support! Reference: W3C Note 05 Jan 1998. Authors: Andrew Layman, Edward Jung, Eve Maler, Henry S. Thompson, Jean Paoli, John Tigue, Norbert H. Mikula, and Steve DeRose.
According to the introduction, XML-Data describes an dissertation, XML vocabulary for schemas, that is, for questions, defining and documenting object classes. It can be used for classes which as strictly syntactic (for example, XML) or those which indicate concepts and relations among concepts (as used in relational databases, KR graphs and RDF). The former are called 'syntactic schemas;' the latter 'conceptual schemas.' The text of this NOTE thus provides a specification (XML-Data) for describing and exchanging structured and networked data on the Web. Such exchange is facilitated by schemas defining the characteristics of classes of objects. The objects can be syntactic constructs such as are used in XML instances, or may be more abstract such as are found in databases, information models or directed, labeled graphs. Dissertation! This paper describes an XML vocabulary for schemas. One immediate implication of these ideas is a substantive part of the functionalities of XML document types can now be described using the research proposal XML instance syntax itself, rather than DTD syntax. We expect XML-Data to be useful for a wide range of applications, such as describing database transfers or remotely-located Web resources. [Previous draft:] On June 22 1997, Jean Paoli announced a draft specification of an XML application called XML-Data. The specification is documented in a Position Paper from Microsoft, written by Andrew Layman (Microsoft Corporation), Jean Paoli (Microsoft Corporation), Steve De Rose (Inso Corporation), and Henry S. Thompson (University of Edinburgh), with contributions from Paul Grosso, Sharon Adler, Anders Berglund, François Chahuneau, and Edward Jung. XML-Data is an application of XML for exchanging structured data and metadata on the Internet.
The paper outlines a number of XML-Data design features which are not in the MCF specification. The position paper has been sent to multiple working groups in the W3C currently dealing with XML and meta-data. XML namespaces provide a simple method for qualifying names used in Extensible Markup Language documents by associating them with namespaces identified by URI. A W3C Working Draft Namespaces in XML was published on September 16, 1998 (WD-xml-names-19980916). Description of the XML namespace work and references are provided in a separate document. Resource Description Framework (RDF) The RDF section currently provides information and references for both the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification and the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification . The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) - Metadata. The Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN) and dissertation, ANZLIC Working Group on Metadata created a version 1 draft DTD using SGML.
The ANZMETA DTD Version 1.1 (19th January 1998) now has been written to conform to the requirements of XML 1.0. The Coastal Atlas Spatial Data Guidelines (ACA-STD-0001) now under development also by ERIN will use the same XML-based metadata language (e.g., metadata records for the 'Blue Pages' of the Marine and Coastal Data Directory of Australia, [MCDD], which is part of the Australian Coastal Atlas). XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) - Object Management Group (OMG) The design of the define metathesis linguistics XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) represents an extremely important initiative. It has a goal of unifying XML and related W3C specifications with several object/component modeling standards, as well as with STEP schemas, and more. Particularly, it would combine the benefits of the web-based XML standard for defining, validating, and sharing document formats on the web with the benefits of the object-oriented Unified Modeling Language (UML), a specification of the Object Management Group (OMG) that provides application developers a common language for sujets, specifying, visualizing, constructing, and documenting distributed objects and essay, business models. Information on sujets, XMI is maintained in a separate document.
Educom Instructional Management Systems Project (IMS) Metadata Specification. The IMS project has released XML-based technical specifications for how learning materials will flow over the Internet, and for how organizations and individual learners will manage the learning process, [which] have broad support among industry and among leaders in higher education, training, government, and K-12 schools. See IMS Metadata Specification. Fighting for Standards in our Browsers is the motto of the Web Standards Project (WSP). The Web Standards Project is a collective effort of web developers and end users whose mission is to stop the fragmentation of the web, by persuading the browser makers that common standards are in everyone's best interest. Its goal is to support these core standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and to encourage browser makers to do the same, thereby ensuring simple, affordable access to sample study proposal Web technologies for all. At the time of WSP's launch (August 10, 1998), standards for the Web included 'Structural Languages' (HTML 4.0, XML 1.0), 'Presentation Languages' (CSS, XSL), 'Object Models' (Document Object Model 1 Core HTML/XML), and sujets, 'Scripting' (ECMAScript). HTML Threading - Use of HTML in creative, Email. On January 27, 1998, the submission of a proposal for HTML Threading: Conventions for Use of HTML in Email was made to the W3C by Microsoft Corporation, Lotus Development Corporation, and Qualcomm Corporation.
Reference: W3C NOTE 05-Jan-1998. The document editor is Eric Berman (Microsoft), and authors include Pete Resnick (Qualcomm) and dissertation, Nick Shelness (Lotus). According to the press release, the HTML Threading Proposal outlines how Extensible Markup Language (XML) can be used to enable data-rich features in linguistics, HTML email applications. Dissertation! The document abstract clarifies: As [email] messages go back and forth between participants in a discussion, it is interesting to be able to track properties of the text in the message and properties of the message itself, such as who wrote what or what message a quoted excerpt is assistant creative writing originally from. This proposal defines a mechanism for embedding this information within an email message in a manner that degrades gracefully to downlevel mail clients. Appendix B of the dissertation NOTE provides some sample mail messages using the HTML Threading. Open Software Description Format (OSD) A joint submission was made to bachelor thesis with W3C on August 13, 1997 by Marimba Incorporated and dissertation sujets, Microsoft Corporation for a proposed Open Software Description Format (OSD). A document 'NOTE-OSD' written by Arthur van Hoff (Marimba, Incorporated), Hadi Partovi and Tom Thai (Microsoft Corporation) bears this abstract: This document provides an initial proposal for the Open Software Description (OSD) format. OSD, an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), is a vocabulary used for describing software packages and their dependencies for heterogeneous clients. We expect OSD to be useful in automated software distribution environments.
The proposed specification has apparently been endorsed by other companies, including CyberMedia, InstallShield Software, LANovation, Lotus Development, and Netscape Communications. [from Net.Com article] And: The goal of the OSD format is to linguistics provide an XML-based vocabulary for describing software packages and their inter-dependencies, whether it is user initiated (pulled), or automatic (pushed). XML (eXtensible Markup Language) provides a general method of representing structured data in the form of lexical trees. Using this data model, markup tags in the OSD vocabulary are represented as elements of a tree. Sujets! The three basic relationships between elements are parent-of, child-of, and sibling-of. Distant relationships can be formed from recursive applications of the three basic ones. XLF (Extensible Log Format) Initiative. This XLF project is [2001-06] apparently no longer active, but see references in the separate document. See also Log Markup Language (LOGML). WAP Wireless Markup Language Specification (WML)
The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Wireless Markup Language (WML) is a markup language based on teaching questions, XML, and is intended for use in specifying content and dissertation sujets, user interface for teaching questions, narrowband devices, including cellular phones and pagers. . . 'A tag-based display language providing navigational support, data input, hyperlinks, text and image presentation, and forms. Dissertation! A browsing language similar to Internet HTML.' HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol (DRP) On August 25, 1997 a submission entitled The HTTP Distribution and bachelor thesis, Replication Protocol was tendered to the W3C by representatives of Marimba Inc., Netscape Communications Inc., Sun Microsystems Inc., Novell Inc., and sujets, At Home Corporation. The goal of the DRP protocol is to significantly improve the efficiency and reliability of data distribution over HTTP. . . The DRP protocol uses a data structure called an index, which is currently specified using the essay eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Because the index describes meta data, we anticipate using the sujets Resource Description Format RDF), which was formerly called the Meta Content Framework (MCF), in sample study, a future versions of the DRP protocol specification. XML is used in the interim because the RDF standard was not finalized at the time of writing. . . The DRP defines the following new features: (1) Content identifiers, using the existing URI specification, which can uniquely identify a piece of content; (2) An index format which can be used to describe a set of files; (3) A new HTTP header field, Content-ID, which is used to obtain the correct version of a file by specifying a content identifier; (4) A new HTTP header field, Differential-ID, which is used to obtain a differential update for a file. The Chemical Markup Language was documented (July 1998) as an application of XML and was demonstrated at WWW6 with the dissertation Jumbo Java-based browser for XML documents. One of the first interesting XML appliations.
See the separate document for references: Chemical Markup Language (CML). Bioinformatic Sequence Markup Language (BSML) Description and references for the Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG) project are contained in a separate document Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG). Weather Observation Markup Format (OMF) The Weather Observation Markup Format [or: Weather Observation Definition Format] is an case, application of XML used to encode weather observation reports. The goal of the sujets OMF system is to assistant professor creative salary annotate and dissertation sujets, augment standard weather reports with derived, computed quantities, and to re-cast the essential information in a markup format that is easier to interpret, yet completely accurate. The data formats typically used in weather reports (FM 15-X Ext. With Latex! METAR, FM 16-X Ext. SPECI, FM 51-X Ext. TAF, etc. [constituting] KAWN, WMO feeds . . .) are both incomplete and suboptimal for some processing objectives.
According to a summary from dissertation sujets, one of OMF's designers, the OMF application thus uses XML for annotating weather observation reports, forecasts and advisories as issued by Weather Meteorological Organization (WMO), the National Weather Center and Air Force Global Weather Center. And Value Of Labor! Currently, METAR/SPECI observational reports, Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) and SIGMET significant weather aircraft advisories are being analyzed and marked up. The incoming source of data are raw bulletins distributed by sujets KAWN/ADWS or National Weather Service'sGateways. Thesis With! The bulletins are parsed, reports are decoded and stored into a database, which can then be queried. The results of the queries are XML-formatted into OMF documents.
It is always possible to reconstruct original reports by stripping away the XML markup. The designers are also working on adding other types of reports - Upper Air reports, regional SIGMETs, AIRMETS, Bathythermographs, PIREPS, etc. The markup system is in actual use to distribute the most current annotated weather observations, forecasts and advisories; the dissertation Navy's Joint Metoc Viewer is one application that can ingest OMF documents and display the corresponding data. References for Open Financial Exchange (OFX) are provided in a separate document. Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) Information on the Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) is provided in sample proposal, a separate document. The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an dissertation, interoperable framework for Internet commerce. It is payment system independent and encapsulates payment systems such as SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash, GeldKarte, etc.
OTP is able to handle cases where such merchant roles as the shopping site, the payment handler, the Delivery Handler of goods or services, and the provider of customer support are performed by different parties or by thesis latex one party. OTP Messages are XML documents which are physically sent between the different organisations that are taking part in sujets, a trade. Information on bachelor latex, the [Internet] Open Trading Protocol (OTP) is contained in dissertation sujets, a separate document. XML Digital Signature (Signed XML - IETF/W3C) The XML-Signature WG is a joint Working Group of the IETF and W3C. References are provided in a separate document. Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative. Information on the Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative and the Digital Receipt Consortium is define linguistics referenced in a separate document.
A Network Working Group INTERNET-DRAFT by Hiroshi Maruyama, Kent Tamura, and Naohiko Uramoto (IBM) addresses how digest (hash) values should be defined for sujets, general DOM structures. The document is intended to become a Proposed Standard RFC. Compare 'XHASH'. Digest Values for DOM (DOMHASH) draft-hiroshi-dom-hash-00.txt, January 1999 Local archive copy Similarly: 'XHASH' - XML canonical digest algorithm proposed by GlobeSet and documented in the XHASH proposal. This algorithm has been inspired by the DOM-HASH proposal, but operates closer to the surface string of the document. Elements and attributes are subject to formalization in a way quite similar to the one proposed by DOM-HASH - XML delimiters are represented by binary values and purpose and value support, entities are replaced by their actual values. However, formalization happens as elements are acquired. Furthermore, this algorithm has been tailored for explicit support of the sujets XML Namespaces and define, it takes into account some specifics of this specification ( e.g. Dissertation! , dsig:eval attribute).
See also: Digital Signatures for XML. By Richard D. Brown (GlobeSet, Inc.). Sample Study Proposal! January 1999. A syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of sujets XML digital signatures is teaching questions specified. Sujets! [local archive copy] See also (earlier): Digital Signatures for XML. From the IETF TRADE Working Group. Richard D. Define! Brown, GlobeSet, Inc. November 1998. - The objective of this document is to propose syntax and procedures for the computation and sujets, verification of digital signatures applicable to define linguistics general XML documents. [local archive copy] Signed Document Markup Language (SDML) Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) The BIPS specification includes a protocol for sending payment instructions to banks safely over the Internet and a payment server architecture for processing those payment instructions.
On August 24, 1998, a specification for the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) was published: Bank Internet Payment System Specification Version 1.0. Public Review Draft, August 24, 1998 . Appendix G of the specification supplies the 'XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD)'. BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. The Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) is a project of The Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC). FSTC is a not-for-profit organization whose goal is to enhance the competitiveness of the United States financial services industry; members of the consortium include banks, financial services providers, research laboratories, universities, technology companies, and government agencies. Details: Network Payment Protocol (NPP): BIPS requirements result in dissertation, a set of functions that must be carried out in teaching essay, the client software. Dissertation Sujets! In order to assistant creative writing salary ensure that the dissertation sujets client software interfaces with the payment processing systems at creative, each bank in a standard manner, the NPP has been defined and is described in this chapter. The NPP is a non-proprietary standard that will ensure that any BIPS-enabled client software can initiate BIPS payment instructions.
The BIPS model is shown in Figure 4.1. All BIPS messages conform to the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) XML specification. Dissertation! NPP Message Specification, Message Formatting, and Data Encoding: NPP messages will be specified and formatted according to standards described in purpose and value support essay, the XML Version 1.0 specification. XML is dissertation a simplified subset of the Standard Generalized Markup Language [SGML, International Standards Organization (ISO) 8879]. XML provides a standard format to describe different types of data so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly. XML also provides a file format for representing data, a schema for describing data structure, and a mechanism for extending and annotating Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) with semantic information. NPP-specific messages are documented in Appendix G, along with the BIPS DTD. Some characteristics of NPP messages are: 1) all messages are in XML; 2) all messages start with a BIPS XML header; 3) all fields are self-identifying; 4) all messages are signed; 5) all messages include the originator's certificate; 6) all request messages include a user-supplied transaction number; 7) all response messages include the signature of the salary user on the original request, and 8) all response messages include both a bank-supplied transaction number and the user-supplied transaction number. BIPS messages contain blocks that describe the request or response (a block is an dissertation, XML element or conglomerate of elements). Thesis Latex! Each BIPS message begins with an XML header that includes the XML version number, document type, a reference to dissertation the BIPS DTD file, and the BIPS version number. A sample BIPS message is shown in Appendix G.
FSTC Home Page Financial Services Technology Consortium BIPS Main Page [August 24, 1998] FSTC Publishes the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) Specification. - FSTC announced today that its Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) specification has been released for public review and comment. . . BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. Download BIPS Specification [local archive copy, 980824] XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD), from the spec 980824. smartX ['SmartCard'] Markup Language (SML) The goal of assistant salary SML (smartX Markup Language) is to sujets enable automation of all interactions with XML documents providing general methods to represent a set of smart device functions. XML supports the creation of marker content that preserves data structure and promises web documents to linguistics be machine-readable. The SML is an implementation of sujets XML for the smart card industry.
SML also brings to writing salary the smart device applications many IDL features that have been implemented in distributed computed and dissertation, transaction processings.smartX defines a complete framework that encapsulates the development of both the smart card and terminal application. By separating the application process from the bachelor with latex application protocol that is dissertation card-specific, smartX makes possible to port quickly an application to a new smart card. Essay Questions! The innovation of dissertation smartX technology relies on a strong description of the smart device data and attached processes. Essay Questions! The semantics and grammar of the description do not equate a programming language with arithmetic and conditions. On the contrary, the dissertation sujets data and protocol description is built upon the familiar foundations of the metathesis smart card industry, which simplifies programming for the developer. smartX introduces a new description language to describe the application protocol: SML (Smart Markup Language) that implements the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for dissertation, the smart card industry. OpenMLS and RELML - Real Estate DTD Design. Information on OpenMLS and RELML (Real Estate Listing Markup Language) is provided in a separate document. Founded in 1992, the teaching questions Customer Support Consortium is a group of over 70 leading technology companies who work together to significantly improve customer support by developing innovative new strategies, standards, and programs. Its mission is to dissertation develop ways to leverage and share knowledge within and among support organizations. Essay! The development of open exchange standards is one of the three principal consortium initiatives.
A subgroup is dissertation developing a set of mappings from standards specifications to XML. XML for the Automotive Industry - SAE J2008. In response to requirements from the questions 1990 US Clean Air Act, The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has adopted a number of sujets standards under the 'SAE J2008' family of case on domestic in india standards designed to provide easy access to emission-related automotive service information. At the heart of this SGML standard is dissertation a relational Data Model for Automotive Service Information rather than any particular document model. The SGML definition set forth within J2008 provides a hierarchical representation of the define linguistics Data Model. In addition, this standard provides models for sujets, common text constructs such as tables, paragraphs, lists, and procedures which are found within automotive service information. Recently, as explained by Dianne Kennedy in the presentation XML and the Automotive Industry (XML the Conference 98, Seattle 1998), effort has been made to convert the case study on domestic in india SGML DTD into dissertation sujets, a version compatible with XML. The current chairperson of the SAE J2008 Working Group is Dianne Kennedy, founder and principal consultant for XMLXperts. [adapted from Dianne Kennedy's overview] [March 09, 1999] A communiqué from Dianne Kennedy reported on recent efforts by the DTD Working Group for SAE J2008. The Society of purpose Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2008 DTD Working Group met on dissertation, March 3, 1999 in Detroit.
Among the work items was the development of an case study, official XML version of the SAE J2008 DTD for posting automotive service information on the Web. The XML version of the DTD can be found at XMLXperts Web site along with a description of how the XML version was created and sample data with a CSS style sheet as a prototype for Web viewing. X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. [May 04, 1998] On May 4, 1998, an announcement was issued by DataChannel and OASIS concerning X-ACT: DataChannel Transfers X-ACT Council to OASIS. XML Market Receives Enhanced Services Through Vendor-Neutral Management of Leading Industry Council. According to the press release, OASIS, the Organization for the Advancement of dissertation Structured Information Standards (formerly SGML Open), announced today that it will take the helm of the XML Active Content Technologies Council (X-ACT) to define metathesis provide vendor-neutral management and enhanced industry services. A press release was issued on March 4, 1998 announcing the formation of sujets a new industry technology council, X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. X-ACT is an industry council formed to provide a communications venue for corporations working to develop real-world XML-based solutions to meet today's business needs, increase awareness about Active Content Technologies and their benefits, and maintain an index to Active Content software. Aligned with all standards bodies, X-ACT specifically focuses on case study on domestic in india, promoting the usage and adoption of XML in real-world applications. . . Dissertation! Active Content represents all the possible forms of study XML as documents, data and meta-data, and the new class of information systems that will allow data or objects to be re-used and re-purposed by any application. The new industry group recognizes that XML, a groundbreaking new technology, will spawn a new class of computer applications and transactions (Active Content Technologies) that will enable active content at all levels of networked computing (Desktop, Server, Internet, Intranet, Extranet, VPNs, LANs, WANs).
The eighteen (18) members include, to date: Allaire, Andersen Consulting, Arbor Text, BTG, DataChannel, Daylight Software, Informix, Inso, NexGen SI, OmniMark Technologies, Online Computing Library Center, PLATINUM Technology Solutions, Poet Software, NC Focus, Sybase, Thomson Corporation, Wall Data and WebMethods. Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) The Mathematical Markup Language (W3C Working Draft) is dissertation sujets a specification which defines the Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and essay questions, content. The goal of MathML is to enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text.
The document begins with background information on mathematical notation, the sujets problems it poses, and the philosophy underlying the essay solutions MathML proposes. Sujets! MathML can be used to encode both mathematical notation and mathematical content. Essay! About 25 of the MathML tags describe abstract notational structures, while another 75 provide a way of unambiguously specifying the dissertation intended meaning of an bachelor latex, expression. Additional chapters discuss how the dissertation MathML content and presentation elements interact, and how MathML renderers might be implemented and should interact with browsers. Finally, the document addresses the issue of MathML entities (extended characters) and their relation to fonts. [February 24, 1998] MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. Editors: Patrick Ion and Robert Miner. Reference: PR-math-19980224.
Abstract: MathML is a low-level syntax for representing structured data such as mathematics in machine-to-machine communication over the Web, providing a much-needed solution for including mathematical expressions over and value support essay the Web. In developing MathML, the goal was to define an XML-compliant markup language that describes the content and presentation of mathematical expressions. Dissertation! This was achieved with MathML. As an effective way to include mathematical expressions in Web documents, MathML gives control over the presentation and the meaning of such expressions. It does this by providing two sets of markup tags: one set presents the notation of mathematical data in recent case study on domestic violence in india, markup format, and the other set relays the semantic meaning of mathematical expressions, enabling complex mathematical and scientific notation to dissertation be encoded in an explicit way. As an XML application, MathML capitalizes on XML features and benefits from the wide support of study XML. Unlike HTML which was intended as a markup language for use by people, MathML is intended to be used by machines, facilitating the searching and indexing of mathematical and scientific information.
Software tools that work with MathML render MathML into formatted equations, enabling users to edit mathematical equations much as one might edit HTML text. Several early versions of such MathML tools already exist, and a number of others, both freely available software and commercial products, are under development. Sujets! See the press release. Links: [April 07, 1998] Announcement for MathML as a W3C Recommendation Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) specification as Recommendation - REC-MathML-19980407, W3C Recommendation 07-April-1998. [local archive copy, .ZIP] Fact Sheet - for MathML as W3C Recommendation Testimonials - for sample study proposal, MathML as W3C Recommendation MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. February 24, 1998. Mathematical Markup Language - W3C Working Draft. Dissertation Sujets! January 06, 1998.
WD-math-980106. Professor Creative Salary! MathML DTD (Working Draft 6-Jan-98); [local archive copy] Syntax highlighted version of the dissertation sujets MathML DTD (Pankaj Kamthan) 'Htpertext' version of MathML DTD (dtd2html) [June 25, 1998] Mathematics On the Web. By Rockford J. Ross [Computer Science Department, Montana State University]. In ACM SIGACT NEWS Volume 29, Number 2 (June 1998) [Education Forum], pages 33-41. Review of MathML from the ACM Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory. See: Mathematical Markup Language (XML) - Main entry [August 14, 1998] Note from Eitan Gurari: work done to configure TeX4ht for XML and MathML. See: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/ gurari/temp/xml/ml.html; [local archive copy] Also, the collected documentation.
MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML. (David Carlisle) MathML in Mozilla (Roger B. Purpose Of Labor Essay! Sidje, David Fiddes, P. S. Karthikeyan). The priority of the project will be to sujets provide a compact and fast engine that will process MathML and recent case study on domestic in india, enable Gecko to render mathematical expressions. Another goal is to provide a WYSIWYG interface to MathML. This will be a graphical equation editor with an internal representation in standard MathML text. Sujets! TtHMML, a TeX to MathML translator. See Try out TtHMML. Research Study Proposal! NB: 'You need a browser such as Amaya, with MathML support, to see equations.' See: OpenMath Standard. PICS-NG Metadata Model and Label Syntax (W3C WD-pics-ng-metadata-970514.html), with Appendix A: Correspondence to sujets the XML Web Collection Proposal. One proposal for the metadata syntax is XML: the metathesis linguistics Extensible Markup Language . . .is attractive because of its political appeal and the fact that it may find other uses in the Internet arena.
The full definition of an XML syntax for PICS-NG will be included in a future version of this document. [mirror copy] CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) attempts to address a problem faced by dissertation both users and vendors of Visual Modeling tools and questions, Computer Aided Software and Systems Engineering (CASE) tools: interoperability. Users need to be able to move information from one CASE tool to another in order to develop systems efficiently. They need to move information from a tool to sujets a repository and research study proposal, back. They need to exchange data between repositories.
CDIF is a Family of Standards that lays out a single architecture for exchanging information between modelling tools, and between repositories, and sujets, defines the interfaces of the components to implement this architecture. CDIF has been defined by the CDIF Division of the EIA, an industry standards committee. CDIF is recent case on domestic in india also being standardized at an international level through ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7/WG11. Many of the major modeling, CASE and sujets, repository vendors, and of labor essay, some large user organizations have pooled their expertise and resources to develop this Family of Standards. Dissertation Sujets! Currently, the CDIF Family of assistant creative Standards has 10 standards as members and more will be added in the future. Dissertation! The CDIF standards development process is open-ended, and driven by the interests of the CDIF member organizations. Any organization can become a CDIF member and thus influence current and future CDIF work. The CDIF Technical Committee is sample study proposal preparing a specification called the CDIF XML-based Transfer Format . The Working Group Chair is Woody Pidcock (Boeing Company) and the standards draft editor is Johannes Ernst (Aviatis Corporation). A June 1998 draft (CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998) edited by Johannes Ernst outlines the ongoing work of the CDIF Technical Committee on dissertation, the transfer format. The CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) family of Standards is primarily designed to be used as a description of a mechanism for transferring information between CASE tools. It facilitates a successful transfer when the authors of the proposal importing and dissertation sujets, exporting tools have nothing in common except an agreement to conform to bachelor with latex CDIF.
The language that is defined for the Transfer Format also has applicability as a general language for dissertation, Import/Export from repositories. Assistant Professor! The CDIF Integrated Meta-model also has applicability as the basis of standard definitions for use in repositories. The XML-based CDIF Syntax which allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the sujets emerging XML standard is being provided in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and professor, ENCODING.1. In the dissertation version 3 draft document, (Section 5.2 of the Transfer Format Overview), the relationship of the CDIF Transfer Format to XML is explained: The primary application of the XML standards is document markup. Compared to the HTML document type definition, XML-based document type definitions allow for a more strict definition of the content and content structure. On the purpose and value essay other hand, the exchange of modeling information according to the CDIF architecture requires an even stricter set of rules to be followed than even in dissertation, a strict application of XML. This has two consequences: (a) any CDIF Transfer file employing the recent case study violence XML-based CDIF Transfer Format is also a legal XML file; (b) the rules to be followed by files employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format cannot be fully captured in sujets, an XML DTD alone; instead, this standard defines rules that are mandatory for such an XML-based CDIF Transfer beyond those defined in the DTD. As an example for the latter, consider the rich set of data types for meta-attributes and meta-meta-attributes required to exchange modeling information, and compare them to the significantly smaller set of data types provided by XML. When exchanging models with the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format that employ any of the richer data types, additional rules have to be obeyed.
CDIF Man Page Introduction to CDIF. July 1998. By Johannes Ernst, Aviatis Corporation. Draft 3 of XML-based CDIF Transfer Format. The XML-based CDIF Syntax allows the teaching essay questions exchange of meta-models and models using the sujets emerging XML standard. This is in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and ENCODING.1. XML-based CDIF Transfer Format DTD -- DRAFT 3 [local archive copy] CDIF XML-Based Transfer Format. Define Metathesis! Draft 'standard' version 3. CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998. Dissertation Sujets! [local archive copy, 980622] Draft version 2. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL)
Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) On April 03, 1998, a submission was made to the World Wide Web Consortium concerning a proposed Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) . References: W3C NOTE-PGML-19980410, World Wide Web Consortium Note 10-April-1998, URL http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/NOTE-PGML-19980410. The W3C NOTE was submitted by representatives of Adobe Systems Incorporated, International Business Machines Corporation, Netscape Communications Corporation, and creative, Sun Microsystems, Inc. The abstract: This document is the specification for the Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML). PGML is a 2D scalable graphics language designed to meet both the simple vector graphics needs of casual users and the precision needs of graphics artists. PGML uses the imaging model common to the PostScript(R) language and Portable Document Format (PDF); it also contains additional features to dissertation satisfy the needs of Web applications. The NOTE is characterized as a working document. Purpose And Value Of Labor Support! It is not meant to be a complete definition for PGML. Many sections have been left open or have been labeled Ideas for Consideration so that the dissertation sujets working group can develop the strongest possible language specification and ensure that it is fully compatible with other W3C standards efforts.
Among the 'Design Principles': PGML should be an XML application and the imaging model is an instance of the RDF data model. . . PGML should be compatible with and fully leverage all related W3C standards efforts. . .in particular, PGML will be an application of XML. . .[provision for ] exporting the imaging model to the DOM. A W3C 'Comment on sample research proposal, PGML Submission' asserts: PGML is expressed in XML, which allows PGML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained. A sample from Appendix B (minus the sujets pretty-printing): ?XML version=1.0?!DOCTYPE PGML SYSTEM pgml1.0.dtdpgml boundingbox=0 0 300 300path fill=1 fillcolor=100 0 0moveto x=100 y=100/lineto x=200/lineto y=200/lineto x=100/lineto y=100//path/pgml . See the (extracted) Document Type Definition for the Precision Graphics Markup Language, PGML from Appendix D of the recent case violence in india document. On May 28, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission for a proposed Vector Markup Language (VML) from Autodesk Inc., Hewlett-Packard Company, Macromedia, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, and Visio Corporation. Dissertation! References: NOTE-VML-19980513, World Wide Web Consortium Note 13-May-1998. The submission defines the Vector Markup Language (VML), which is an research proposal, application of dissertation sujets Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 which defines a format for the encoding of vector information together with additional markup to describe how that information may be displayed and bachelor thesis with latex, edited. According to the Introduction in sujets, the NOTE, The Vector Markup Language (VML) supports the markup of vector graphic information in the same way that HTML supports the markup of teaching textual information. Within VML the dissertation content is composed of paths described using connected lines and curves.
The markup gives semantic and sample, presentation information for the paths. VML is written using the sujets syntax of XML just as HTML is written using the define metathesis linguistics syntax of SGML (the Standard Generalized Markup Language, [ISO 8879]) - XML is a restricted form of SGML. VML uses Cascading Style Sheets, Level 2 in the same way as HTML to determine the layout of the vector graphics which it contains. Normative references cited in the NOTE include HTML 4.0, CSS1/2, XML 1.0, XML Namespaces, XLink, IEC 61966-2, PNG, and ISO 10918-1 (JPEG); VML is sujets said to be based on well-established vector graphical techniques. From the W3C Comment on the VML Submission: VML is expressed in XML, which allows VML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained.
The submitters have clearly given thought to style sheet binding, to the necessary stylistic differences between editors and viewers, and to containment in HTML; they have also taken care to support essay address the points in the W3C Requirements document. WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web. On May 12, 1998, the dissertation W3C acknowledged a WebBroker submission from DataChannel. DataChannel, Inc. had submitted a proposed specification to the W3C for WebBrokering, governing 'Distributed Object Communication on the Web.' WebBroker, which falls under the W3C HTTP-NG Activity, represents an attempt at unifying interface technology used in existing distributed object systems like CORBA, DCOM, and RMI but is based on XML, HTTP/1.1 and traditional CGI technology for easier integration into the existing Web model. The submission is define linguistics composed of five separate documents: WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web (NOTE-webbroker-19980511, authored by John Tigue and Jon Lavinder) ObjectMethodMessages DTD AnonymousData DTD TerseAnonymousData DTD InterfaceDef DTD. The abstract: This document provides a specification (WebBroker document type definitions, or WebBroker DTDs) for describing and exchanging structured messages between software components on the Web. Such exchange is facilitated by dissertation the DTDs which describe the structure of the messages (method requests and method responses) and which also describe the interfaces of the software components themselves. The AnonymousData DTD describes a simple way of expressing the data type of assistant writing salary structures which works within XML 1.0 and dissertation, is designed to work with XML-Data. The ObjectMethodMessages DTD describes how to represent, in XML documents, the teaching essay questions serialized messages between software components.
ObjectMethodMessages uses the sujets AnonymousData DTD and is modeled after DCE RPC Request and Response PDUs. The InterfaceDef DTD describes software component interfaces much like CORBA IDL and Microsoft IDL. One immediate implication of these ideas is that there can now be a unified Web publishing and traditional client/server programming model which work over HTTP 1.1. Research Study Proposal! We expect the WebBroker DTDs to be useful for enabling many organizations to dissertation implement a mature yet simple and easy to reproduce model of distributed computing on the Web. Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) The Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) consists of six XML-compliant HTML extenders that define a universal schema for HTML documents based on proposal, the Document Object Model (DOM) as it is being defined by the World Wide Web Consortium. Submission of dissertation a specification for the Web Interface Definition Language [WIDL] to assistant salary W3C by webMethods, Inc. According to the abstract, the document provides the dissertation specification for the Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL), a metalanguage that implements a service-based architecture over the document-based resources of the World Wide Web.
WIDL is an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML); it allows interactions with Web servers to recent on domestic in india be defined as functional interfaces that can be accessed by remote systems over standard Web protocols, and provides the structure necessary for generating client code in languages such as Java, C/C++, COBOL, and dissertation, Visual Basic. WIDL enables a practical and cost-effective means for diverse systems to be rapidly integrated across corporate intranets, extranets, and the Internet. Short Take: WIDL submitted to W3C as standard. By Tim Clark. CNET News.com , October 13, 1997, 2:15 p.m. PT. Creative! [August 29, 1997] Announcement from webMethods Inc. that the dissertation sujets core of its Web Automation technology has been built around the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). webMethods' Web Automation product suite now uses XML to define automated access to Web data and recent study violence in india, services, and dissertation, can be used against existing HTML or new XML-based Web resources. . And Value Of Labor Essay! . Web Automation technology is based on webMethods' Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) 2.0, an XML application that defines Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to Web data and services. [local archive copy] WIDL Description See also: Building Blocks: Turning the Web Into a Data Source, by Leslie Marable. From Web Week , Volume 3, Issue 11, April 21, 1997. Dissertation Sujets! [mirror copy] [March 04, 1998] Free Web Automation Toolkit for XML HTML - from webMethods Inc. Submission - local archive copies. XML and EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). EDI works by providing a collection of standard message formats and element dictionary in a simple way for professor writing, businesses to exchange data via any electronic messaging service. . . XML/EDI provides a standard format to describe different types of data -- for example, a loan application, an sujets, invoice, healthcare claim, project status -- so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly by define linguistics implementing EDI dictionaries. Thus by combining XML and EDI we create a new powerful paradigm! (Dubbed by the designers as An idea almost as good as peanutbutter and chocolate!)
In March 1998, the XML-EDI Group become an organization of the sujets Graphic Communications Association Research Institute (GCARI). GCARI, an affiliate of Graphic Communications Association (GCA) in Alexandria, Va. GCA is a technical management association in purpose and value support essay, the publishing and printing industries that has supported XML since its creation. XML/EDI Overview Main XML/EDI Page for the XML/EDI Group -- an ad hoc group of dissertation professionals and volunteers in professor creative writing, various industries. Redix XML/EDI Authoring Tool - The XML/EDI Authoring Tool gives you ability to define your own interface between your application software and XML formats, regardless of whether your application format is EDI based or proprietary. Several examples are provided in this tool. Dissertation Sujets! These include X12, EDIFACT, HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996), Oracle ERP, and SAP. We also provide a tutorial that guides you through the steps to interface with the metathesis XML/EDI Authoring Tool. Another XML/EDI Home Page XML/EDI Frameworks - The Executive Summary Guidelines for Using XML for Electronic Data Interchange, edited by dissertation Martin Bryan.
Contributors: Members of the XML/EDI working group, including Benoít Marchal, Norbert H. Essay Questions! Mikula, Bruce Peat, and sujets, David R. Salary! R. Dissertation Sujets! Webber. Version 0.04, 23rd December 1997. [local archive copy, version 0.04]; [archive copy, version 0.02] The Role of Document Type Definitions in Electronic Data Interchange. By Martin Bryan. With! Internet Explorer 5.0 XML/EDI Demonstration using Intelligent XSL Stylesheets. By Martin Bryan. Guidelines for using XML for dissertation, Electronic Data Interchange [variant of preceding document] Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, by Martin Bryan. [archive copy] EDI and XML time for a dual approach?, by Bruce Peat; [archive copy] Advantages of including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) entities with eXtensible Markup Language (XML), by Bruce Peat with XML assistance from Richard Light. [archive copy] Using XML for recent, Electronic Commerce, by Martin Bryan Electronic commerce topic page Contact form [August 29, 1997] Accelerating Electronic Commerce: Making EDI Accessible with XML, by Mary Fletcher Laplante (Director, Document Software Strategies Group, CAP Ventures). Dissertation Sujets! Published in and value of labor support essay, Document Software Strategies Analysis 2/29 (August 15, 1997); [local archive copy] [February 02, 1998] XML/EDI XML/XSL Example - Fill-In-Form (Betty Harvey) A form developed as a test scenario for ordering product and creating an XML/EDI message. [March 11, 1998] XML-EDI Group Becomes a GCARI Organization. GCARI: Graphic Communications Association Research Institute, and affiliate of the Graphic Communications Association (GCA). [local archive copy] According to a press release of July 27, 1998, the objectives of the sujets working group are to: 1) Develop draft standards on repositories for submission to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Object Management Group (OMG), and UN/EDIFACT working groups; 2) Establish a formal working group to coordinate proposal development; 3) Provide a technical forum for individuals involved in repository development to participate; 4) Offer links among disciplines and standards such as W3C's XML, as well as OMG's UML (Unified Modeling Language) and MOF (Meta-Object Facility); 5) Provide a means for vendors who have announced products based on open standards on this topic to offer their ideas. The first draft is anticipated for an availability date of on domestic violence in india September 30, 1998.
For the purposes of this discussion group, the term EDI shall include business-to-business, business-to-consumer, and consumer-to-business exchanges of XML formatted and structured data or information. Home Page [July 27, 1998] Press release: New XML Electronic Commerce Repository Proposal Announced. Adapted from the press release in RTF format Announcement - Press release from GCA Project Overview and Focus [local archive copy] Project Goal, Objectives, and Discussion Topics; [local archive copy] Press releases Position Statement on Global Repositories for dissertation, XML. - By The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.98, July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: Betty Harvey, Denis Hill, Ron Schuldt, Martin Bryan, Will Thayer, Dick Raman and David Webber. The XML/EDI Guidelines identify the need for effective use of Global Repositories and document structure grammars.
This paper discusses the implementation of assistant professor such technologies and the bringing together of related ongoing efforts in this field. See also http://www.xmledi.com/repository/xml-rep.htm Preliminary Findings and Recommendations on the Representation of X12 Data Elements and Structures in XML X12C Ad Hoc Task Group on the use of sujets XML with X12 EDI. DRAFT Version 0.03a, July 31, 1998. Editors: Bob Crowley, Rik Drummond, David Webber, Christine Pellar-Kosbar. Contributors: Denis Hill, Ken Steel, Mike Rawlins, Dan Codman, John Hathaway, Martin Bryan, Robert Miller, Betty Harvey, William Kammerer, John Kevlin. UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-Edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.92. July, 1998. With Latex! Authors and Contributors: David Webber, Klaus-Dieter Naujok.
The international EDI community has developed OO-edi over the past three years as an implementation neutral framework for the future architecture of EDI. Sujets! XML/EDI has emerged over the last twelve months as the implementation and deployment method of choice for next generation of electronic business facilitation via the Internet. This paper shows how these two technologies are completely compatible and bachelor latex, strongly complimentary. XML/EDI emerges as the implementation method of choice for FVS (Functional Service View) of sujets Open-edi, and Open-edi BOV (Business Operational View) provides the means to define linguistics underpin the physical implementation methods of XML/EDI with design, process and logic verification to ensure robust and efficient systems development and architectures. Two representation methods provide the link between the two: Universal Model Language (UML), and Extensible Markup Language (XML). UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-edi Compatibility With XML/EDI.
From the sujets XML/EDI Group. July 1998. [local archive copy] The European XML/EDI Pilot Project is being run as part of the Information Society Standardization System within the European Committee for Standardization (CEN/ISSS) open workshop on Electronic Commerce. [The objective of the project is] to test the applicability of teaching essay XML for interchanging data, between SMEs and their business partners, of the sujets type currently exchanged using EDI messages. The project will build on the findings of existing and proposed European initiatives on assistant creative writing salary, the use of XML for dissertation, EDI data interchange. The EEMA EDI Work Group would like to propose to CEFACT the establishment of a Global Repository for the translation of XML tags in assistant professor salary, UN/EDIFACT and human language on the Internet. The EEMA EDI Working Group is prepared to assist in the set up and operation of such a repository, which could be crucial in dissertation sujets, the advancement of the use of EDI over the Internet. . . . When the fusion between ANSI X12, EDIFACT and all other EDI standards takes place in a proper way it should be under the auspices of the UN so it is global, public domain, open and available for anyone. Today this is not the case with the ANSI standards and many other EDI standards that are only available at considerable cost. Define Metathesis! Of course today the EDIFACT standard is already in the public domain and can easily be obtained through the Internet.
. . .there could be a relatively easy fusion between EDIFACT and ANSI X12. Essentially every data-element one can find in ANSI or in EDIFACT could be placed inside the XML/EDI file. What would be required is to set up a repository in which the tags for the XML files are listed with the dissertation corresponding EDIFACT data-element number, the corresponding ANSI X12 element number, and a description. . . By setting up one global repository on the Internet, CEFACT can assume responsibility for the creation of new tags based on a corresponding EDIFACT data-element number and essay, the standard description, while other organizations can assume responsibility for a language code or the dissertation sujets corresponding element number in different standards. Even if XML/EDI is not the ultimate solution, a global repository would be extremely useful for essay questions, conventional EDI and other forms of EC, because it would provide an independent Data Dictionary which could be used by applications. As of Fall 1999, there was a proliferating activity of X12-XML initiatives [which] reflects the essential foundation the X12 standard provides to a multitude of emerging e-commerce technologies. See the dissertation sujets separate document. Information and Content Exchange (ICE) On October 26, 1998, the teaching essay W3C acknowledged receipt of sujets a submission from purpose of labor support, Adobe Systems Incorporated, CNET Incorporated, Microsoft Corporation, Sun Microsystems Inc., and Vignette Corporation, in the form of a NOTE: The Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol.
Other information on the Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol is provided in a separate document. In an announcement made today by Patrick Gannon, Executive Director of CommerceNet's Information Access Portfolio, at the XML Developers' Day program being held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, CommerceNet gave its full support to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) development of the Working Draft Requirements for dissertation, the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and launched its international industry initiative to demonstrate commercial viability of XML in Internet Commerce. The CommerceNet initiative is designed to close the define time gap between the development of industry standards and implementation of open, interoperable applications in the electronic commerce arena. Dissertation! The multifaceted program involves development of examples, demonstrations and linguistics, a showcase of member applications. The goal is to accelerate the adoption of dissertation sujets XML as a key technology for the realization of efficient Internet Commerce. Recent Case On Domestic! . . Dissertation! The CommerceNet program is made up of three strategic projects: (1) XML Catalogs DTDs; (2) iMarkets; (3) XML/EDI. RosettaNet is a global business consortium creating the electronic commerce framework to align processes in the IT supply chain. See the independent document for references. IETF Internet Draft draft-kristensen-xml-map-00.txt. By Anders Kristensen.
Hewlett-Packard Laboratories. Define Linguistics! This document proposes an XML encoding for sets of named values. The primary application is as a transmission format for form values being submitted to a processing agent over dissertation the Web. The main advantage over other form value encodings is that it allows field names to be associated with structured values without resorting to non-XML encodings. The multipart/related MIME type is used for carrying non-XML media. Capability Card: An Attribute Certificate in XML. This IETF INTERNET DRAFT for assistant salary, a 'Capability Card' describes basic ideas and data components of 'Capability Card,' which is a kind of attribute certificates designed from the sujets standpoint of bachelor with a secure communication framework on the Internet. Similar to dissertation sujets the SPKI certificates, a capability card can be used to grant a person particular access privileges to resources like WWW pages, IRC channels, and metathesis linguistics, message boxes. In addition, it can carry a variety of descriptive information about the issuer, the resources, and the privileges specified in it. A capability card is written in XML, which is becoming a standard format rapidly for the internet data exchange. Consequently, users can handle various information in capability cards visually with an XML viewer.
This is sujets a fairly desirable feature for questions, the existing internet services. In this document, following the sujets motivation and the basic concepts, the elements of XML DTD of capability cards are described. Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TCIF/IPI) The recent revision of the TIM DTD toward version 2 has been motivated, in part, by a desire of the subcommittee to make this news industry DTD XML compliant. Information Products Interchange (IPI) is a working committee of the Telecommunications Industry Forum.
IPI was established to select standards and guidelines capable of allowing the interchange of a variety of information products for the telecommunications industry . . . Most of the IPI Committee's published work has to do with the Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TIM, an SGML DTD) and the Telecommunications Electronic Document Delivery Package (TEDD). The TIM Document Type Definition (DTD) is a specification for describing the structure of recent case telecommunications and other technical documents . . . based largely on early versions of the DocBook DTD developed by sujets the Davenport Group. TIM 1 was approved as a TCIF Guideline in December 1995, and teaching questions, revisions for TIM 2 were begun in dissertation sujets, December 1996. As described in the TCIF Information Publication TCIF-IPI-97-004 (Issue 1, 10/24/97), several of the DTD changes were aimed at making the TIM 2 specification XML compliant. These included changes to the SGML declaration, removal of inclusion and exclusion exceptions from content models, implementation of assistant writing salary external cross-references through URLs, restricting the attribute data types to the XML-valid AttType values ('TokenizedType' -- in particular, NMTOKEN for NAME, NUMBER, and dissertation, NUTOKEN), and case study on domestic, restriction of PCDATA to content models having repeatable 'OR groups'. Thus: except for changes to dissertation sujets adapt to the not-yet-finished XLL linking specification, TIM is already XML-complaint and ready for the next generation of browsers. Main database entry, with summary and bibliographic references: TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange) Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange (TCIF - IPI) Committee Home Page TIM DTD Telecommunications Interchange Markup, alias Technical Information Markup DTD [March 06, 1998] Comments from Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on essay, the XML DTD issues (v. 203, 204).
Version 2.0.4 has introduced all-lower-case names (a decision based upon XML case-sensitivity rules) and implemented other minor changes to allow (optionally) better compatibility with TEDD and XML. [March 06, 1998] See http://bigbird.bellcore.com/TCIF/lib/sgml/ as of this date for TIM DTD draft version 2.0.4. Alternate locations: ftp://ftp.bellcore.com/pub/world/TCIF/ or http://www.atis.org/atis/tcif/. Sujets! The change history describes the `XML compliance' issues in professor creative writing, 2.0.4. Dissertation! A PE reference %m-; appears: - mapped to - - for the 'SGML only' DTD marked sections, mapped to nil for XML. The ZIP archive for the DTD. Define Metathesis Linguistics! [April 21, 1998] Note from dissertation sujets, Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the Availability of XML-compliant TIM. Dated 1998-03-06. Further details on metathesis, XML-compliant version of TIM (2.1.1) as of April 21, 1998; [2.1.1 local archive copy, 19980421] Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) and Pinnacles Component Information Standard (PCIS) ECIX - 'For Internet and XML-based Component Information Exchange'.
The Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) project is dissertation sujets dedicated to designing standards for creation, exchange and use of electronic component information, including ASIC cores. The ECIX architecture and standards are extensible, unambiguous, well documented and are maintained under the define metathesis linguistics direction of sujets Si2. The current ECIX specifications are QuickData (QuickData Protocol and Quick Evaluation Data Specifications), PCIS, CIDS, and questions, TDML. Details on the new ECIX QuickData specifications for real-time business-to-business Internet transactions (based on XML) are accessible [via the Web site]. A new, XML-based version of sujets PCIS (Version 1.5) was announced in June at DAC '99.
ECIX Component Information Dictionary Standard (CIDS) The aim of the Component Information Dictionary Standard is to thesis provide authors and users of component information with a computer sensible dictionary of characteristic properties of dissertation components, allowing for a common and metathesis linguistics, unambiguous understanding of those characteristics. ECIX has created a CIDS dictionary in dissertation sujets, support of the ECIX Quick Evaluation Data Specification, and is working with NIST, IEC (61360) and JEDEC organizations to realize CIDS dictionaries for those industry standard dictionaries. Define Linguistics! A new XML-based version of sujets CIDS (Version 1.9) was announced in June at DAC '99. The US Library of Congress and several research level institutions have been engaged in the collaborative work of the define metathesis linguistics EAD (Encoded Archival Description) initiative for several years. These institutions use the EAD DTD, and currently encode their archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) or in XML.
The EAD Document Type Definition (DTD) represents the formal part of a standard for dissertation, encoding archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and writing, the Extensible Markup Language (XML). This standard is maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress (LC) in partnership with the dissertation sujets Society of creative writing salary American Archivists. See the dedicated page for information on the Encoded Archival Description (EAD). A communique from Junichi Suzuki (The Graduate School of Computer Science, Keio University) describes an XML application proposed as the UML eXchange Format (UXF). The UML (Unified Modeling Language) is an emerging standard modeling language for the description of software systems. Sujets! UXF is recent study on domestic a XML-based format to interchange software analysis/design models with UML (Unified Modeling Language), which is an object-oriented analysis/design methodology.
According to the description on the UXF Web site, the project addresses how UML (Unified Modeling Language) models can be interchanged and proposes an dissertation, application-neutral format called UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models based on research, XML (Extensible Markup Language). It is dissertation sujets a format powerful enough to teaching questions express, publish, access and exchange UML models, and a natural extension from the dissertation existing Internet environment. It serves as a communication vehicle for developers, and as a well-structured data format for development tools. Essay! With UXF, UML models can be distributed universally. Dissertation Sujets! UXF is thus expected to support intercommunications between software developers, interconnectivity between development tools, and a natural and transparent extension from the existing Web environment. Several related DTDs are now available or in draft: Parent DTD for all subset DTDs, DTD for class diagrams, DTD for collaboration diagrams, DTD for statechart diagrams, UXF DTD for essay questions, sequence diagrams. The designers are using 'XSL' stylesheets for UXF data.
Links: UML - Unified Modeling Language Version 1.4 of the UML Documentation set was scheduled for dissertation sujets, release in case on domestic violence in india, April of 1999. Sujets! Main UXF Page UXF Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Making UML Models Exchangeable over the Internet with XML: UXF Approach. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Paper presented at the International Workshop UML'98 (3rd-4th June 98, Mulhouse - France). Available in Word97, PDF, and Postscript formats. [local archive copy] Managing the Software Design Documents with XML. Define Linguistics! By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto, Keio University. Presented in Session 11: 'Working with XML', Thursday, September 24, 1998, Loews Le Concorde Hotel, Quebec City, Canada, ACM SIGDOC 1998. In the dissertation sujets software engineering community, Unified Modeling Language (UML) has been widely accepted as an object-oriented software analysis/design methodology, since it provides most of the concepts and notations that are essential for documenting object oriented models. UML, however, does not have an explicit format for interchanging its models intentionally. This paper addresses this lack and proposes UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models, based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). Bachelor Thesis! [local archive copy] [September 16, 1999] Leveraging Distributed Software Development.
By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. In IEEE Computer [IEEE Computer Society] Volume 32, Number 9 (September), pages 59-65, with 6 references. Toward the Interoperable Software Design Models: Quartet of UML, XML, DOM and sujets, CORBA. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Second draft, presented to ISESS '99 (Fourth IEEE International Software Engineering Standards Symposium, May 17-21, 1999). This paper addresses a standard-based UML model interchange and presents our effort to make UML interoperable. We developed a XML-based exchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) and a distributed model management system for UML. The system leverages the team development, reuse of design models and tool interoperability by interchanging the model information with XML through the Document Object Model (DOM) interface that is implemented on top of CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). DOM provides a platform and programming language neutral interface to assistant creative writing salary manipulate the sujets content, structure and case on domestic, style of documents. [local archive copy] Making UML Models Interoperable with UXF. By Junichi Suzuki and dissertation, Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Professor Creative Salary! This paper addresses the UML model interchange and presents our efforts to make UML highly interoperable.
We developed an interchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) based on sujets, XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] Archived Samples (DTDs, instances, stylesheets) in a .ZIP collection, 19980528 Contact: Junichi Suzuki. Email email@example.com; WWW: http://www.yy.cs.keio.ac.jp/ suzuki/jsuzuki.html Compare: UML-Xchange from Normand Rivard, 07-09-98. UML-Xchange is a SGML DTD for exchanging data models between CASE tools that use the UML language. All of the and value of labor support six kinds of UML diagrams are supported. Sujets! See the case study in india DTD, [local archive copy] Compare: Object Management Group (OMG) and XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI). Dissertation Sujets! Related: Pattern Markup Language (PML) - an writing, XML-based format to describe software patterns. . . Sujets! PML internally uses UXF. Information on the LISA/OSCAR 'TMX' DTD for translation memory exchange is thesis latex provided in a separate document. P3P Syntax Specification: Platform for Privacy Preferences. [March 23, 1998] Frontier 5 is sujets now an XML database with a programming and storage model. . Research Study! .; see http://www.scripting.com/frontier5/xml/code/.
[January 1998] In one of a series of sujets articles on and value of labor, XML, Frontier 5 and dissertation, XML: Scripting News in XML, Dave Winer describes how he puts Scripting News in XML. Thesis With! The [publication] format is regular enough so that with a reasonable script I can also generate a new format called scriptingNews format, that could be read by a new kind of browser, specially designed to carry news items with links, a possible picture, and dissertation sujets, a rare comment from professor salary, my evilTwin. [. ] I also converted all the back issues of Scripting News, dating back to dissertation sujets April 1997, each in its own XML file. Through the InterX.org initiative, SGML Open and its members pledge to promote: (1) open standards; (2) elimination of proprietary extensions; (3) complete interoperability. The name 'InterX.org' embodies the concepts of XML and serves as an abbreviation for interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international. Press Release: SGML Open Launches InterX.org Initiative in Support of XML.
Monday September 22 3:14 PM EDT. Lead paragraph: SGML Open, the international consortium dedicated to recent on domestic violence in india promoting structured document and data interchange based on the SGML family of standards, today announced the adoption of a new initiative, InterX.org. Serving as a forum and resource center for developers and dissertation, users of XML tools, InterX.org will work to bridge the gap between the with XML specification and tool interoperability. 'InterX.org' represents the concepts of interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and sujets, international -- together with XML. Information on 'InterX.org' from SGML Open. NuDoc is a technology for describing, editing, and viewing highly designed pages for print and on-line distribution. NuDoc supports applications for WYSIWYG page layout, online XML browsing, and database driven, variable-data publishing. In NuDoc, a document object is made of style, content, and page layout sub-objects. A style object contains rules that govern the form (or visual appearance) of the document. Content elements such as words, images, movies, etc. are organized into essay questions, a tagged tree structure that represents the logical organization of the information (sections, sub-sections, etc.).
The W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the default content data representation. XML files are the default representation for the structured, tagged content. Dissertation Sujets! NuDoc reads and writes XML content files during the purpose and value essay authoring process. NuDoc's TSL files are used to dissertation sujets define the style sheets. Research Proposal! For rapid saving and restoring of the entire document object's state, NuDoc can save to sujets disk (and re-read) the post-composition document containing the style, content, and resulting page layouts (including all user edits and mark-up) to and value of labor essay an external XML-format checkpoint file. Finally, if the shared content feature is required, external shared content is stored in yet another XML format file. [from the Technology Briefing, August 1997] PageFlex is a NuDoc-based Application under development as of mid-1998. Dissertation Sujets! PageFlex is a high-end solution built from modular components and open standards. It is the recent study on domestic in india first solution to use XML as the intermediate data format between databases and the page composition process. The output formatter is based on dissertation, Bitstream's revolutionary NuDoc page composition engine, NuDoc offers unprecedented control over assistant salary the graphic design of page templates while maintaining a strict separation of form from the input XML content. Coins: Tightly Coupled JavaBeans and XML Elements.
Coins is a programming project undertaken by Bill la Forge. Description: A coin has two faces, an sujets, XML element and and value support essay, an instance of a JavaBean: a) the XML element is the persistent form, an b) the JavaBean instance is the runtime form. One of the dissertation primary operations of a coins program is the binding of XML element types to specific Java classes. In some cases (runtime program composition), an case on domestic violence, initial set of bindings is assumed and the XML document being processed uses that initial set to dissertation sujets specify additional bindings in a bootstrapping process. The bindings used to process a document are not always fixed, but are often determined by the application or server processing the purpose and value document. In these cases, the dissertation sujets XML document is simply a vehicle for moving information between applications, and the coins technology simply provides the means for processing that document.
A particularly interesting feature of coins is its use of sample proposal hyper-links. Java serialization has no equivalent capability, forcing the dissertation .ser files generated by Java serialization to be self-contained. . Essay Questions! . Coins Web site: http://www.jxml.com Coins Overview XML-Based Components: Coins. Presentation to ACM Greater Boston Web Tech Chapter, by Bill la Forge Source and Documentation Contact: Bill la Forge. [June 21, 1998] Two-faced Coins Catching On. By Jeff Walsh. In InfoWorld Electric (June 19, 1998) Posted at dissertation, 4:56 PM PT. A new programming paradigm called Coins is gaining momentum with developers as a way to deliver JavaBeans using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) without the need for Java serialization. DMTF Common Information Model (CIM)
On October 19, 1998, The Desktop Management Task Force, Inc. (DMTF) announced the availability of its XML Encoding Specification for teaching questions, the encoding of the Common Information Model (CIM) schema in XML. Information on DMTF's CIM and WBEM technology solutions is held in dissertation sujets, a separate document. Process Interchange Format XML (PIF-XML) On June 12, 1998, Jeffrey Ricker posted an announcement for an initial design of PIF-XML (Process Interchange Format XML). PIF is an interchange format designed to in india help automatically exchange process descriptions among a wide variety of sujets business process modeling and support system such as workflow software, flow charting tools, process simulation systems, and process repositories. PIF itself is based on the Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF), which is in turn based on LiSP.
Since both LiSP and purpose and value, XML are text-based and nested trees, the translation is relatively straightforward. Dissertation Sujets! However, PIF also includes an purpose and value of labor, object-oriented design with inheritance, which does not directly translate into XML. Dissertation Sujets! The initial work attempts a direct translation of sample study proposal PIF version 1.2, and is not optimized for economy in XML; a provisional DTD and example encoded PIF-XML document are available. Ontology and Conceptual Knowledge Markup Languages. QAML is a new language created using XML. The purpose of QAML is to provide a more specific format for documents dealing with questions and answers. Dissertation Sujets! Why use QAML instead of HTML?
Because unconstrained HTML is too powerful and loose! In particular QAML is meant for FAQs, or Frequently Asked Questions. Assistant Professor Salary! QAML was originally meant to be a broader language, but we have decided to dissertation focus it specifically on case study violence, FAQs. We are programming a CGI which will format QAML documents and convert them to HTML, so it will be possible to implement QAML without having to worry about when XML browsers are commonplace. Dissertation Sujets! Rick Jelliffe (firstname.lastname@example.org) has helped us to make QAML fully XML-compliant. We have posted the new, full XML QAML DTD. [October 07, 1999] New version of the research DTD.
[February 26, 1999] A recent communiqué from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica Computing Centre) announces a 'Call for Comments' on dissertation sujets, a proposed XML DTD for 'Frequently Asked Questions' documents. The new QAML 2.0X XML DTD is sample proposal based on the QAML 1.0 SGML DTD, with backwards-compatible augmentations for XML, I18N (internationalization), XLL [XLink] hypertext linking, style, accessability and tracking. Comments on the proposed DTD are solicited by the authors, Justin Higgins of digitalNation Network Services, and dissertation, Rick Jelliffe. And Value Essay! The XML DTD is available online from the FAQ.org website (http://www.faq.org/qaml/) and from the dissertation 'Chinese XML Now!' website (http://www.ascc.net/xml/). LACITO Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles [Linguistic Data Archiving Project]
Boyd Michailovsky (LACITO/CNRS, project coordinateur) forwarded a communique concerning a linguistic data archiving project which uses XML and SGML encoding. Principal investigators include Boyd Michailovsky, John B. Essay! Lowe, and Michel Jacobson. The 'Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles', under the auspices of the larger LACITO programme (Laboratoire de langues et civilisations à tradition orale) and sujets, direction from assistant professor salary, CNRS, concentrates on the encoding, archiving, and distribution of speech data, particularly for rare languages that are researched within the unit. The main source of sujets data for the project is the mass of documents recorded and transcribed in the field by bachelor thesis members of the LACITO over the last thirty years. These unique recordings, mainly of spontaneous speech in unwritten languages, serve as the basis for research on the languages and the cultures concerned. Some of the transcriptions and translations have been published, but the original sound recordings have never been published or properly archived. . . An explicit XML (Extensible Markup Language) markup has been adopted for dissertation, the text materials. In many cases, older documents whose structure is implicit are marked up automatically by program. The interlinearized text (annotated and of labor support, glossed) is displayed using XSL stylesheets. Dissertation Sujets! Audio portions corresponding to the encoded text are aligned using XML linking elements. . .The structure of the XML documents prepared by the project is defined by a DTD (Document Type Definition); all project documents are validated using public-domain tools. c/o Boyd Michailovsky. 44 rue de l'Amiral Mouchez.
75014 Paris, FRANCE. GedML: [GEDCOM] Genealogical Data in XML. GedML is a way of recent case violence in india encoding genealogical data sets in sujets, XML. It combines the case on domestic well-established GEDCOM data model with the new XML standard for encoding complex information. The result is a representation that can easily be converted to and from GEDCOM, but can be manipulated much more easily using standard tools. Dissertation Sujets! See now the document Genealogical Data and XML for information on GedML and other specifications using XML for genealogical information. Newspaper Association of America (NAA) - Standard for Classified Advertising Data. The NAA Classified Advertising Standards Task Force was organized by the NAA Technology Department to facilitate the electronic exchange of classified ads. Define Metathesis! References to the commmitte work and the XML DTD are provided in a separate document.
The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC) has made an XML version of the NITF (News Industry Text Format) DTD available from its Web site. Description and sujets, references are found in purpose and value of labor support essay, a separate document. As of January 1999, a News Markup Language (NML) was under development through the effort of the dissertation American Press Institute's Media Center. In a meeting of April 1999, it was decided to incorporate the requirements for NML into the NITF design and bachelor latex, development work. Further information is provided in a separate document. An announcement for a new XML application initiative (Notes Flat File Format Initiative) was posted by Sean McGrath on May 14, 1998. NFF is an XML based interchange format for the Lotus Notes/Domino platform. The NFF DTD supports the majority of the dissertation constructs that can occur in Lotus Notes data such as structured fields, rich text, doclinks, import objects and so on.
Once data is in define metathesis, XML conforming to the NFF DTD it can be imported using an import filter (NINFF.DLL) into Lotus Notes using a simple 'File-Import'. The download package includes the necessary software along with a sample application - Timon Of Athens by William Shakespeare in NFF format. Java Help API: The structure of a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. . . See Byte Magazine (May 1998) page 108, sidebar So, Help Me, Java. The HelpSet formats in XML were presented in: Introduction to the JavaHelp API. By Eduardo Pelegrí-Llopart, Roger Brinkley, and Nancy K. Lee (Sun Microsystems, Inc.) Presented at JavaOne (Sun's 1998 Worldwide Java Developer Conference). So, Help Me, Java.
From Byte , May 1998: . . Dissertation! . The new Java Help API, currently in beta testing, is an all-Java 'über alles' help system for JavaBean components, applications, desktops, and HTML pages. . . [it's] written purely in Java, [which] means you can embed a help system within an thesis latex, application or compress it into a Jar file for transport to sujets another destination. . Teaching Essay Questions! . Java Help permits a single help system to support varying navigational views of help content. Dissertation! . . The data structure that carries all the information needed to provide a view into a help system is bundled into a HelpSet file. Note that there are two loose terms at recent case violence, use here. First, a HelpSet file isn't necessarily a file, in the same sense as files that you store on your hard disk. A HelpSet file could be bound into an application, for example. Second, it's probably more accurate to dissertation sujets say that the information is rooted in the HelpSet file. The structure of purpose support a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. The data points to the URLs from which you can find the info necessary to build the sujets help system.
Cold Fusion is a general-purpose Web development system for rapidly building Web applications that integrate browser, server and database technologies. It consists of the Cold Fusion Markup Language (CFML), the Cold Fusion Application Server (NT UNIX) and the forthcoming Cold Fusion Studio, a visual tool for define metathesis, building dynamic Web applications. Dissertation! . . In essence, CFML provides a generalized markup language for handling the richness of programming, logic and integration required to build full-scale applications on the Web platform. It achieves this based on the same inspiration that is driving interest in XML -- simplicity and power. . . Purpose Of Labor! Syntactically, Custom Tags are XML compliant custom markup language elements that allow developers to dissertation build reusable components that can be easily dropped into recent case on domestic violence, a dynamic Web application. These tags are processed by the Cold Fusion server, and can dynamically generate and execute client and server-side code. Press release, September 15, 1997: Allaire Introduces Online Exchange for Cold Fusion Custom Tags. Third-party Custom Tags Extend the Cold Fusion development system with cross platform XML-compatible components.
Cold Fusion and Custom Tags FAQ The Allaire Tag Gallery [August 04, 2000] ColdFusion Markup Language. By Mark Cyzyk. In WebTechniques Volume 5, Issue 8 (August 2000), pages 74-77. Dissertation! Consider the selection of server-side scripting languages: The big contenders in this arena are Active Server Pages (ASP) and JavaServer Pages (JSP). Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is also starting to edge in on the market. While each is powerful in its own way, neither of the environments is particularly aesthetic by Gelernter's definition. Performing simple tasks with these technologies often requires a lot of overhead, resulting in code-heavy, convoluted programs. If you're choosing a server-side scripting language, you should consider a fourth option: ColdFusion. Metathesis Linguistics! Because it acts more like a markup language than a programming language, ColdFusion is an elegant solution for embedding code in HTML files. Dissertation Sujets! Allaire, the company that also makes the popular HomeSite HTML editor, has a whole suite of ColdFusion technologies consisting of an thesis with latex, application server, an integrated development environment, and of course, the dissertation markup language. It is teaching questions this ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML) that competes directly with ASP and JSP.
Within CFML you'll find all the usual conditional logic constructs, data structures, and utility functions available in dissertation, most mature programming languages. Further, CFML provides tags to easily implement email interactions, LDAP integration, and FTP and sample research, HTTP agent creation -- functions that other Web application development platforms require third-party modules to support. Dissertation! Finally, the Web application developer can create custom tags in CFML, thereby extending the language's power. Sample Study Proposal! Contact: Jeremy Allaire. Document Content Description for XML (DCD) [August 10, 1998] International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Microsoft Corporation have submitted a proposal to the World Wide Web Consortium defining a vocabulary for describing constraints upon XML documents: Document Content Description for XML. Dissertation Sujets! References: NOTE-dcd-19980731, Submission to of labor support essay the World Wide Web Consortium 31-July-1998. The document proposes a structural schema facility, Document Content Description (DCD), for specifying rules covering the dissertation sujets structure and content of XML documents. The DCD proposal incorporates a subset of the XML-Data Submission and expresses it in a way which is consistent with the ongoing W3C RDF (Resource Description Framework) effort; in particular, DCD is an RDF vocabulary. DCD is intended to assistant professor creative salary define document constraints in dissertation sujets, an XML syntax; these constraints may be used in the same fashion as traditional XML DTDs. DCD also provides additional properties, such as basic datatypes.
The abbreviation 'DCD' is used to purpose describe both the general facility described in this document and dissertation, individual schema instances that conform to it. Editors listed for the document include Tim Bray (Textuality), Charles Frankston (Microsoft), and Ashok Malhotra (IBM). Other credits: The specification has benefited greatly as a result of input from David Fallside and metathesis, David Singer, both of IBM, Andrew Layman and Jean Paoli both of Microsoft, and from Lauren Wood of dissertation sujets SoftQuad. We also wish to thank Henry Thompson of the University of Edinburgh and all the sample research study authors of the XML-Data specification. XSchema is the name of sujets a collaborative effort hosted on the XML-DEV mailing list. The principal goal of the questions XSchema project is to produce an XSchema specification which, when complete, will provide a means for sujets, XML developers to describe their XML document structures using XML document syntax. The target date for a complete initial XSchema 1.0 proposal is June 30, 1998. With Latex! As of June 1, 1998, discussion had resulted in the creation of dissertation sujets a list of twelve XSchema Goals, as refined through four draft documents.
This XSchema work was initiated by Simon St.Laurent with the publication of a paper A Proposal for the Representation of XML DTDs as XML Documents and by several supportive postings, including a position paper authored by Paul Prescod. During the initial period of discussion on sample proposal, XML-DEV, the project proposal went under the dissertation sujets name XSD (Extensible or XML Structure Definitions). [November 03, 1998] Simon St.Laurent and Ronald Bourret report that a final draft of the XSchema Specification, Version 1.0 is now available (November 1, 1998). Public comments on the draft should be posted to assistant professor the XML-DEV mailing list. General information on the XSchema project is dissertation sujets available at http://purl.oclc.org/NET/xschema. Note that this borderlands effort is not part of the teaching essay W3C work (it parallels work already begun within the W3C, e.g. , XML Data). Its authors declare that XSchema is not intended to dissertation compete with proposals from the World Wide Web Consortium, and they envision that the results may profitably feed into the W3C activity on XML schemas. According to Jon Bosak (XML WG Chair), design work by the XML WG on XML schemas using instance syntax is likely to be re-chartered. Of course, it also bears note that concrete proposals for enhanced 'DTD's using instance syntax have been made by many individuals over the past decade or so. See, for example, references in chapter 8 of The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of recent in india HTML and XML by Steve DeRose: SGML: It's 3, 3, 3 Languages in One. Document Definition Markup Language (DDML)
The Document Definition Markup Language (DDML) a schema language for XML documents, and dissertation, a the successor to XSchema. WEBDAV (Extensions for Distributed Authoring and Versioning on the World Wide Web. WebDAV stands for 'Web-based Distributed Authoring and latex, Versioning. It is a set of extensions to the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote web servers. WebDAV uses XML. See references in a separate document. Graphic Communications Association - GCA 'Paper' DTD.
For several years, the Graphic Communications Association (GCA) has requested (or required) that papers for GCA conferences be prepared according to guidelines in SGML/XML DTDs. Conference proceedings volumes, both paper and dissertation, electronic, are generated from the SGML/XML source provided by the authors. DocBk XML is an purpose and value of labor support essay, XML version of the DocBook DTD. DocBook is an SGML DTD maintained by the DocBook Technical Committee of OASIS. Dissertation! It is particularly well suited to books and papers about computer hardware and software (though it is by no means limited to study these applications).
References are provided in dissertation, a separate document. SABLE: A Standard for Text-to-Speech Synthesis Markup. SABLE is an violence, XML/SGML-based markup scheme for text-to-speech synthesis, developed to address the need for a common TTS control paradigm. The SABLE specification evolved as an initiative to sujets combine three existing speech synthesis markup languages: 1) SSML, the Speech Synthesis Markup Language; 2) STML, the Spoken Text Markup Language; 3) JSML, the Java Synthesis Markup Language. Linguistics! The draft SABLE specification is an initiative to establish a standard system for marking up text input to speech synthesizers. The current draft is being circulated for comment by users, developers and researchers of speech synthesis. Java Speech Markup Language (JSML/JSpeech) The JSpeech Markup Language is referenced in a separate document. SpeechML from IBM's alphaWorks Laboratory is dissertation a[n XML] markup language for building distributed network-based conversational applications. Together with Guillaume Belrose, W3C's Dave Raggett (on assignment from sample study, HP Labs) is developing a voice browser to test out ideas for using context free grammars for more flexible voice interaction dialogs.
The applications are written in XML and CSS using a language we are calling TalkML. We plan to extend this work to look at how to deal with existing Web content developed for desktop browsers. Some ideas for this are covered in a W3C NOTE ['Voice Browsers'] I wrote last year with Microsoft's Or Ben-Natan. Sujets! The goal is to make it easy to create dual access Web-sites which can be accessed via visual or voice browsers. See also my talk on essay, Style sheets for sujets, Voice Browsers, as presented at the Developer's Day at WWW8. TalkML is an experimental XML language for case study on domestic in india, voice browsers, and is being developed by HP Labs for use in the following markets: (1) Call centers (IVR++) -- sales and sujets, support services accessed via 800 numbers, adding speech recognition to today's DTMF (touch tone) systems; (2) Smart phones with displays; (3) Access to email, appointments, news and travel services etc. while your are on the road (in-car systems); (4) Mobile devices too small for decent displays or keyboards, WCDMA palmtop organizers/pagers with low enough cost to be a must-have (like cell-phones). Guillaume Belrose helped to teaching questions devise TalkML and develop the sofware. A NIST project cordinated through MEL (The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory) at dissertation, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, under Project Leader Joshua Lubell. The objective of this NIST-sponsored project is to explore the thesis latex use of XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a standard for structured document interchange on the Web, for exchanging complex data objects between tasks in a distributed workflow application. In details: The WebWork workflow application development tool kit, created by the University of Georgia with funding from NIST's Advanced Technology Program, supports the building of distributed, web-based workflow applications. Dissertation Sujets! NIST has demonstrated the benefits of XML for representing highly structured documents such as product data standard specifications and has shown that WebWork can be integrated with an professor, XML repository.
Leveraging this implementation experience, NIST will extend WebWork to support the exchange of XML-structured objects between workflow tasks. NIST will demonstrate the efficacy of this approach by dissertation sujets building a small application to manage a subset of the with latex workflow in ISO TC184/SC4 (International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 184, Subcommittee 4), an international standards body developing specifications for the representation and exchange of sujets industrial data for which NIST serves as Secretariat. SWAP - Simple Workflow Access Protocol. The SWAP (Simple Workflow Access Protocol) working group has submitted a charter to the ETF Application Area Directors and is expected to become authorized by the IETF. SWAP is a protocol designed to essay allow for dissertation sujets, interoperability between workflow systems and between workflow systems and other applications.
SWAP allows for the programmatic initiation of a workflow process by an application, and the exchange of process data and state information between the the workflow process and application. Define Metathesis Linguistics! The proposed SWAP protocol defines four primary interfaces, which are used to manage, monitor, initiate and control the execution of processes on external workflow systems. . . SWAP is not intended to dissertation overlap with the WebDAV in any way. They are designed to be complimentary, use the same basic encoding (XML), and in fact use the same commands where appropriate for bachelor thesis latex, the same things (getting object properties). The goals of the two specs are different. WebDAV is for dissertation, document management: how to check out check in, handle multiple versions, lock, unlock, and move documents. There is nothing in WebDAV about applications. SWAP is for thesis with latex, starting, monitoring, controlling, and receiving notifications from a remote asynchronous service.
The idea is that you have some application out there that takes a long time to complete, you want to pass it some data and invoke it. This is all about applications development, and almost nothing to do with document management. [adapted from the FAQ and dissertation, main Web page, by Keith Swenson] See: SWAP references in writing, Asynchronous Transactions and Web Services. SWAP Working Group Simple Workflow Access Protocol (SWAP) The Simple Workflow Access Protocol is a proposed way to solve this problem through use of HTTP protocol, and by transferring structured information encoded in dissertation sujets, XML. A new set of HTTP methods is defined, as well as the information to be supplied and of labor essay, the information returned in XML, that accomplish the dissertation sujets control of generic asynchronous services. Teaching Essay Questions! - draft-swenson-swap-prot-00.txt SWAP Main Page SWAP FAQ document SWAP Issues and Action Items. VSI (V-Systems Inc.), an sujets, industry 'Leader in Integrated Fax,' has recently proposed an XML Interface for FAX. Define Linguistics! XML-F ('XML for FAX'), under VSI's new proposal, would be used for dissertation sujets, for connecting fax servers to assistant creative applications, other fax servers, and fax service providers. Sujets! VSI has outlined a simple method for integrating applications to fax servers using XML, the latest Internet technology for data interchange between applications. Launched at purpose and value of labor essay, a time when both network fax and dissertation, XML are coming into the mainstream, VSI believes that their proposal, called 'XML-F', has the potential to solve a major issue facing the fax service community. XML-F Specifications (including DTDs) have been written, and are to be released in the near future.
The XML-F interface provides a simple framework for software applications to use in employing a network fax service to recent study on domestic violence send an sujets, electronic document to a terminating fax machine. The XML-F interface supports three basic features: 1) Submit a Fax for Transmission; 2) Get Status of a Fax Transmission; 3) Cancel a current Fax Transmission or Request. XML-F employs six XML document types to implement these three features: three requests and three responses. Using a simple request/response model, each feature has a corresponding request and response document. The request/response model lends itself well to internet transports and to questions applications which might require off-line use. Sujets! All data is formatted as text and binary data is and value of labor essay encoded using Base64 encoding. XML-F can be coupled with internet transports such as TCP/IP and HTTP and security mechanisms such as SSL to provide secure transactions over public networks. XML-F does not imply or require any particular transport, however. Dissertation! XML-F is an open specification that anyone can implement: any fax server or fax service provider, any application software developer, or other party. Sample Research! It is sujets recommended that any public implementation of a server representing this interface fully implement all of the interface, while client systems might opt to implement only those portions which are relevant to the application. [from the 0.1.90 draft]
VSI (V-Systems Inc.) Home Page Press release: VSI Proposes New XML Interface for support, Fax. Fax over XML Could Solve Key Issues in dissertation, the Fax Service Community. - Announcement for XML-F. [also from recent case in india, VSI] Fax Integration using XML. August, 1998. 6 pages. Sujets! - VSI has created a document that explains how application vendors, fax service providers, and fax servers can integrate using XML and XML-F. [local archive copy] XML-F Specifications. XML-F Preliminary Specification.
Revision 0.1.90, August 1998. Recent Case Study In India! 23 pages. - VSI has also created a document that outlines the XML-F DTD's and recommendations for use by application developers, integrated and fax server vendors. [local archive copy] Email discussion forum: email@example.com VSI Contact: Lydia Loizides (Product Marketing Manager) [January 11, 1999] VSI Announces VSI-Fax Gold Series 3.5 -- Introduces Faxing From Outlook. New Outlook Fax Integration Brings Proven Enterprise Fax Capabilities to Popular Messaging Client -- Allows Faxing Right from the dissertation Inbox. - XML-F Integration: As the first step in VSI's implementation of case violence XML for fax communications, VSI-FAX 3.5 features the ability to use XML Documents to send, receive, and cancel faxes, as well as obtain status information. What is XML? - From VSI. [local archive copy] [February 15, 1999] Fax Integration Using XML Technology. By Dave Droman and dissertation sujets, Gila Jones [V-Systems, Inc.]. Purpose Of Labor Support! In Computer Technology Review Volume XVIII , Number 1(January 1999), pages 28, 32-33. Sujets! As it stands today, there is no standard means of communicating between (1) fax servers and recent violence, the applications that need faxing services and (2) among various fax servers or fax service providers across a network, including the Internet. . . To solve these problems, VSI has created a common faxing interface using XML, called XML-F. As many people now know, XML is a markup language, like HTML, with a vocabulary that consists primarily of dissertation 'tags.' HTML was specifically designed for marking up documents to communicate how they should be formatted for display on the World Wide Web.
The purpose of XML is far more open-ended, but in general it is bachelor thesis latex a 'meta-language' intended to be used to define other standard markup languages (known as Document Type Definitions or DTDs) that can be used to allow different systems to exchange information in dissertation sujets, a standard, process-readable format. Businesses can define their own vocabulary of XML tags and rules that are embedded within the DTD inside the XML document or made publicly available to any program that wants to comply with the agreed-upon information exchange format. The use of XML-specific parsers eliminate the burden of essay parsing and validating XML interchange documents, reducing the sujets work and support required to implement an application reading XML. [local archive copy] Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) The main entry for bachelor thesis with, the Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) is found in a separate document. Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML) The ATSC T3/S17 specialist group is in the process of defining the application programming interfaces for a Digital Television Application Software Environment (DASE) compliant receiver. As this process evolves, the elements, attributes, properties, and dissertation sujets, values of BHTML will solidify. T3/S17 has selected the Java virtual machine (VM) as the sample research study proposal application execution engine. As specified by T3/S17, the Java VM will be found on all DASE-compliant receivers.
Aninda DasGupta, the T3/S17 chairman, proposed [what] he called 'Broadcast HTML' [which] uses Internet technologies favored by many T3/S17 members: it is written in XML, scales back HTML elements and attributes, and integrates synchronization functionality as new elements, attributes, and style properties. BHTML is an XML compliant language based on a reduced set of HTML 3.2 elements and attributes. Media synchronization functions from SMIL and style elements from CSS 1 and CSS 2 are added to this base functionality (into Broadcast CSS or BCSS). Appendix C of the August 6, 1998 draft (XML-Data Specifying BHTML using the XML-Data Syntax) represents 'a first pass at dissertation, defining the BHTML elements and attributes using the XML-Data (XMLD) notation'. xHTML specifies a collection of and value of labor support essay document type definition (DTD) sets that can be combined to specify an sujets, xHTML-based platform.
Three such platforms are used as examples throughout this specification: w3HTML, bHTML, and cHTML. xHTML is designed to meet the requirements of consumer electronic and computer manufacturers that wish to produce a broad range of products with various levels of Internet connectivity and product features. xHTML started with HTML 4.0 and HTML 3.2. These elements and attributes were converted to XML, in line with the bachelor with stated goals of the W3C for future HTML. Sujets! The XML-based markup language was partitioned into DTD sets that correlated with the needs of platform developers to differentiated based on internet connectivity, memory footprint, and power management. xHTML is professor written in XML, therefore element names are case-sensitive. Digital-TV Application Software Environments (DASE) - Main Page BHTML Draft Specification - BHTML Draft #2. Document Number ATSC T3/S17 092, prepared for dissertation sujets, ATSC T3/S17 (DASE) by Ted Wugofski, Gateway. A Modular Hypertext Markup Language for Broadcast Applications.. Prepared by define Ted Wugofski. 1 Oct 98, Draft #4. Dissertation! [local archive copy] Synchronization and Transitions in Broadcast HTML. Study! Ted Wugofski, Over the Moon Productions. This is an sujets, addendum to the Broadcast HTML (bHTML) Proposal in the area of specifying timing, synchronization, and special effects.
The design is based on functional requirements specified in the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) specialist group (T3/S17) that is defining the digital television application software environment (DASE). [local archive copy] Broadcast HTML Specification - General Information DASE Introduction [August 25, 1998] As Intel-led group sideswipes standards body, Thomson and Microsoft roll spec of their own - Debate rages over bachelor thesis with latex how to bring data to sujets TV. By Junko Yoshida. In EETimes Issue 1022 (August 24, 1998). Excerpt: The debate over how to bring data and writing, Internet technologies to digital television will bubble up this week, as a key industry group reconvenes here to discuss a set of proposals that has come under fire. Dissertation! . . Recent Case On Domestic Violence! Where the ATVEF's technology is dissertation sujets based on purpose and value of labor essay, standard Internet specifications such as HTML 4.0, BHTML is sujets written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), a new language for advanced Web applications. Teaching Essay Questions! BHTML scales back HTML elements and attributes by sujets using parts of HTML 3.2, while it integrates synchronization functionality. The biggest difference between the purpose two lies in the use of the dissertation sujets Java software technology. Essay! BHTML is dissertation designed to be tightly integrated with the Application Execution Engine, or Java Virtual Machine, and with the Java framework.
See the database entry, Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML). [September 24, 1998] Group Seeks Integrated Multimedia, DTV. Define Metathesis Linguistics! By Junko Yoshida. In CMPNet TechWeb News (September 20, 1998). With a goal to integrate 2-D, 3-D, and streaming content for dissertation, digital TV (DTV) programming, leaders from recent study violence in india, key international technology-development forums gathered [in Leidschendam, Netherlands] last week to dissertation launch a new initiative to harmonize the various multimedia streams. Taking part in the AIC meeting were representatives from the Motion Picture Experts Group, Virtual Reality Modeling Language organization, and Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC). And Value Of Labor Support! The initiative will 'write an sujets, open specification to integrate and harmonize VRML, MPEG-4, and Broadcast HTML BHTML into a seamless stream,' said Rob Glidden, co-chairman of VRML 3-D Integrated Media Working Group and one of essay questions 12 founding members of AIC. BHTML, written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), is dissertation sujets designed for tight integration with the define metathesis Java framework. Pointing to sujets longstanding integration efforts between VRML and XML, as well as between MPEG-4 and VRML, Glidden said, 'This is a natural extension of what we have been doing at metathesis linguistics, each of the groups'. The International Standard 12083 presents a reference document type definition which facilitates the authoring, interchange and archiving of a variety of publications. This document type definition is deliberately general.
It is a reference document type definition which provides a set of building blocks for the structuring of books, articles, serials, and similar publications in print and electronic form. This International Standard is intended to provide a document architecture to facilitate the sujets creation of various application-specific document type definitions. [January 25, 1999] ISO 12083 (AAP, EPSIG) DTDs for article, book, serials, and math are being edited for XML compatability. [November 06, 2000] ISO 12083 is available free in PDF format from of labor support, NISO: ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083 Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup (The standard specifies the SGML declaration defining the syntax used by the document type definitions [DTD] and document instances, and a definition for mathematics which may be embedded in other SGML applications). Extensible User Interface Language (XUL) XUL stands for 'extensible user interface language'. It is an dissertation, XML-based language for describing the contents of purpose and value windows and dialogs. XUL has language constructs for all of the typical dialog controls, as well as for widgets like toolbars, trees, progress bars, and menus. User Interface Markup Language (UIML) The User Interface Markup Language (UIML) allows designers to describe the sujets user interface in generic terms, and creative, then use a style description to map the dissertation interface to various operating systems (OSs) and appliances. Thus, the universality of thesis with latex UIML makes it possible to describe a rich set of interfaces and reduces the work in porting the user interface to another platform (e.g., from a graphical windowing system to sujets a hand-held appliance) to changing the style description.
See the separate document. Commerce XML (cXML) is an open Internet-based standard for e-commerce. cXML reduces on-line business trading costs by facilitating the exchange of content and transactions over assistant creative salary the Internet. Dissertation Sujets! Developed in concert with more than 40 leading companies, cXML is a set of lightweight XML DTDs -- based on define metathesis, the World Wide Web Consortium's XML standard -- with their associated request/response processes. XML DTD for Phone Books was published as a Network Working Group Internet-Draft (draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt) in February, 1999. The authors are Max Riegel (Siemens AG) and Glen Zorn (Microsoft Corporation). In addition to providing a DTD, the sujets document describes the information to be included in the standard phone book for roaming applications. Sample Research Proposal! All data is described in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. The goals of sujets this document include: 1) Creating a flexible, extensible and bachelor thesis with, robust framework upon dissertation which to build a standard phone book; 2) Promoting a standard phone book format, to enhance interoperability between ISPs and roaming consortia. XML DTD for Phone Books. Proceedings URL. XML DTD for Phone Books, February 1999.
This version expires on August 15, 1999. Bachelor Thesis Latex! Local archive copy, draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt See also: XML DTD for dissertation sujets, Roaming Access Phone Book. IETF RFC 3017. December 2000. This document defines the syntax as well as the semantics of the information to be included in the phone book for roaming applications. It comprises the information necessary to select the most appropriate ISP and to define metathesis configure the host to get access to the network of the sujets provider. The specification consists of a small set of required information elements and a variety of teaching questions possible extensions. All data is specified in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for dissertation sujets, the phone book. The Data Documentation Initiative.
The Data Documentation Initiative is a Project to writing Develop an XML Document Type Definition for Data Documentation [germane to datasets in the social and behavioral sciences.] See Data Documentation Initiative: A Project of the dissertation Social Science Community. XML General Articles and Papers: Surveys, Overviews, Presentations, Introductions, Announcements. The document with Current XML Articles/Papers represents a more mixed collection of references: articles in professional journals, slide sets from presentations, press releases, articles in trade magazines, Usenet News postings, etc. Some are from experts and support essay, some are not; some are refereed and others are not; some are semi-technical and others are popular; some contain errors and others don't. Discretion is strongly advised. The articles are listed approximately in the reverse chronological order of their appearance. Dissertation! Publications covering specific XML applications may be referenced in the dedicated sections rather than in assistant professor creative, the main reference lists. Books on XML are referenced only briefly in the following section. Dissertation! They are described more fully in the SGML/XML Books section, and in the main SGML/XML bibliography.
For now, only case study on domestic in india, books already published are listed. See the section on planned and rumored works for books apparently not yet available. A collection of Introductions to XML is provided in a separate document. A more complete XML book list is sujets maintained by Charles F. Goldfarb in All the XML Books in recent case, Print. Henning Behme and Stefan Mintert. XML in der Praxis: Professionelles Web-Publishing mit der Extensible Markup Language. Bonn: Addison Wesley Longman, [June] 1998. Sujets! Extent: 328 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN 3-8273-1330-9.
Price: DM 69,90. Neil Bradley. The XML Companion . Harlow, Essex: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998. Extent: 464 pages. ISBN: 0-201-41999-8. Dan Connolly (guest editor). XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques . World Wide Web Journal [edited by Rohit Khare] Volume 2, Issue 4. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Associates, Inc., Fall 1997. Extent: xii + 248 pages.
ISBN: 1-56592-349-9. ISSN: 1085-2301. Steven J. DeRose. Teaching Essay Questions! The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML . Electronic Publishing Series, Number 7. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. Extent: xxiv + 250 pages, appendices. ISBN: 0-7923-9943-9. [Chapter 8. Dissertation! XML: A Simple, Standard Subset.] Bob DuCharme.
XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. Recent Study On Domestic In India! The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Sujets! Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. Extent: xx + 339 pages. Define Linguistics! ISBN: 0-13-082676-6. Peter Flynn. Dissertation Sujets! Understanding SGML and XML Tools.
Practical Programs for Handling Structured Text. . Foreword by Steve DeRose. Kluwer Academic Publishers SGML Bookshelf, Electronic Publishing Series. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998. Bachelor Thesis With! Extent: xxvi + 432 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7923-8169-6. [description] Charles F. Sujets! Goldfarb and Paul Prescod. The XML Handbook. Foreword by case Jean Paoli. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on sujets, Open Information Management.
The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Sample Research Study Proposal! Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1998. Extent: xlvi + 642 pages, CDROM. Dissertation Sujets! ISBN: 0-13-081152-1. Ian S. Graham and Liam Quin. XML Specification Guide . New York, NY: John Wiley Sons, 1999. Extent: xiv + 432 pages; with [technical online] 'Supplementary Material and Resources'.
ISBN: 0-471-32753-0. Has a supporting Web site. Elliotte Rusty Harold. XML: Extensible Markup Language. Structuring Complex Content for the Web. Foster City/Chicago/New York: IDG Books Worldwide, 1998. Purpose And Value Support Essay! Extent: xxiv + 426 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-3199-9. Rick Jelliffe. The XML and SGML Cookbook. Recipes for Structured Information.
The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, May 1998. Extent: 650 pages, with CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-614223-0. [provisional description] Michael Leventhal, David Lewis, and Matthew Fuchs; with contributions from Stuart Culshaw and Gene Kan. Designing XML Internet Applications. Dissertation Sujets! The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. [Subseries:] The Definitive XML Series from violence in india, Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [May] 1998. Extent: xxxii + 584 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-616822-1.
Price: $44.95 U.S./$63.00 Canada. Henning Lobin. Informationsmodellierung in XML und SGML . Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, [May] 1999. 250 pages. ISBN: 3-540-65356-2. Richard Light, Simon North, Charles Allen ( et al. ). Presenting XML . Indianapolis, IN: SAMS.NET [Sams Publishing, Macmillan Publishing USA], 1997. Extent: 400+ pages. ISBN: 1-57521-334-6. Sean McGrath.
XML by Example. Building E-Commerce Applications. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [June] 1998. Extent: xlviii + 476 pages, CDROM. Sujets! ISBN: 0-13-960162-7. David Megginson. Structuring XML Documents . Recent Case Study! Charles F. Sujets! Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [March] 1998.
Extent: xxxviii + 425 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-642299-3. Murata Makoto, Atsuhito Momma, and recent case on domestic violence, Kyoichi Arai. XML Nyuumon [Introduction to XML. In Japanese] . Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha, 1998. Extent: 224 pages. ISBN: 4-532-14610-0. Details: see the abstract in dissertation, English, or the Fujixerox Web site, or bookseller descriptions (1), (2). Simon St.
Laurent. XML: A Primer . Foster City, CA: MIS Press/IDG Books, 1998. Extent: xx + 348 pages. Questions! ISBN: 1-5582-8592-X. Also in dissertation, Korean, Japanese, and research study, Italian translation. Simon St. Laurent and Robert Biggar. Inside XML DTDs: Scientific and Technical . Dissertation Sujets! New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Extent: xii + 468 pages, CDROM.
ISBN: 0-07-134621-X. Simon St. Laurent and Ethan Cerami. Building XML Applications. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, (May) 1999. Teaching Essay! Extent: 512 pages, 150 illustrations. ISBN: 0-07-134116-1. Ed Tittel, Norbert Mikula, and Ramesh Chandak XML for Dummies. Foreword by Dan Connolly. [Series: For Dummies.] Foster City, CA: IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., 1998. Extent: xxviii + 367 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-0360-X.
XML Mailing Lists, Discussion Groups, Newsgroups. A more complete reference list of dissertation sujets discussion groups, mailing lists, and hyer-mailed fora appears in the dedicated document. Discussion groups focused upon style languages are referenced in recent case violence in india, the main XSL document. XML-DEV, an XML development mailing list, maintained/organized by Peter Murray-Rust and Henry Rzepa. See the text of the announcement. To subscribe to sujets the digest, mailed on assistant salary, Monday of each week, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the message line 'subscribe xml-dev-digest'. [October 3, 1997] The XML-L mailing list was set up on September 30, 1997 as a general discussion of the Extensible Markup Language.
The list owner is Peter Flynn, University College Cork. To subscribe to the list, send email to email@example.com with the command 'subscribe xml-l [your name]' in the body of the message. For questions about the list, write to the list owners: XML-L-request@LISTSERV.HEA.IE. [July 15, 1998] [Provisional/planned Usenet Newsgroup], comp.text.xml . See the draft RFD (Request for Discussion): http://www.jtauber.com/xml/CTX_RFD.txt, [local archive copy, 980408.] The first call for votes was issued on June 23, 1998. On July 14, 1998, Neil Crellin published the results of the Call for Votes (CFV) for a new unmoderated Usenet Newsgroup comp.text.xml . The voting period closed at 23:59:59 UTC, July 14, 1998. The vote passed, 365:22. On December 01, 1998, Ralph Ferris of Fujitsu Software Corporation posted an announcement for a new XLink/XPointer Developer's List. This email forum has been launched in order to promote wide discussion of XLink/XPointer development issues. To subscribe to dissertation the new xlxp-dev list, send an email message to firstname.lastname@example.org with the following in the body of the message: subscribe xlxp-dev . Information on the W3C's XML Linking Language is accessible in the XLink/XPointer document. [July 20, 1998] A German language discussion group for assistant salary, XML has been set up: XML-DE.
The list is hosted by GMD and DFN, two German national research institutes; this host arrangement is meant to help ensure neutrality in commercial questions and professional maintainance. The goals of dissertation this group are to study proposal provide a native German language forum for general XML discussion, to sujets promote XML in the German industry, and to build a pool of experts for know-how transfer. Topics for discussion include core technologies (XML, XSL, XLink, DOM), related standards (SMIL, . ) and teaching essay questions, software (browsers, parsers, . ). To subscribe to the group, send a mail to listserv.gmd.de with the message subscribe xml-de [firstName lastName] in dissertation, the body of the message. See further information in the main entry: XML-DE. xml-litprog-l: Literate Programming with XML List. Thesis Latex! A mailing list for sujets, discussions about how best to assistant use XML/XSL/XLink/XPtr for constructing literate programming frameworks and tools. Organized initially by Anthony B. Dissertation Sujets! Coates (Educational Multimedia Services, TEDI, The University of Queensland). Questions! As of dissertation sujets September 25, 1998, the list moved to an Allette server. Professor Salary! See: http://www.allette.com.au/xml-litprog/. To subscribe, send email to email@example.com. See [the database entry XML and Literate Programming, the list entry xml-litprog-l - Literate Programming with XML List and] the document SGML/XML and Literate Programming.
JXML: Java--XML, the Java and XML mailing list. This list is dissertation intended for discussions relating to questions Java and XML, particularly with reguard to the following: 1) Java Class and dissertation sujets, Bean metadata expressed as XML documents; 2) Conversion of of labor support essay Java Class metadata to dissertation sujets bytecodes defining simple, data-only classes; 3) Reversable conversion of Java Object Streams to assistant professor writing XML documents while maintaining type safety (JSXML); 4) Description of Jar Resources as an XML document; XML document-driven construction of dissertation Jar files (etc.). Sample Study Proposal! See the more complete description: http://www.camb.opengroup.org/ Related discussion and development forum: DSSSList, with the DSSSList Archive, sponsored by Mulberry Technologies, Inc. and sujets, managed by Tony Graham. XSL-List is provided by Mulberry Technologies as a service to the XSL user community and the XSL standardization effort. It hosts discussion of XSL (Extensible Style Language) itself, XSL applications and implementation, and XSL user questions. Python XML-SIG: A Special Interest Group for XML Processing in bachelor thesis with, Python. The SIG was created to sujets provide a forum for discussion and essay questions, implementation of dissertation sujets tools to define linguistics make Python an dissertation, excellent choice for XML processing.
The goal of this SIG is to decide what software is required for linguistics, this purpose, and coordinate its implementation and documentation. See the announcement and the main list entry for details. Sujets! The Python XML-SIG Status page describes project deliverables and the resources page describes some Python Software for define metathesis linguistics, XML. See also the dedicated database section Python for XML/SGML Processing. Perl-XML list, a mailing list is sujets dedicated to the discussion of enhancing Perl's ability to work with XML and for assistant creative writing salary, using Perl with XML documents. Send 'SUBSCRIBE Perl-XML' to firstname.lastname@example.org. Send list contributions to: Perl-XML@ActiveState.com.
XML: Working Groups, SIGS, Design and Development Initiatives. [January 28, 2000] SAX 2/Java (beta). Sujets! David Megginson has posted an announcement for the beta release of SAX2-beta. SAX is the sample research study proposal Simple API for dissertation sujets, XML, a very-widely implemented event-based interface for processing XML documents. The beta release of SAX2/Java is now available for download at bachelor thesis with latex, http://www.megginson.com/SAX/SAX2/.
Highlights of the release: (1) Namespace support; (2) Configurability and extensibility through features and properties; (3) A new interface and base class for SAX filters; (4) Adapters for using SAX1 parsers with SAX2 and vice-versa; (5) Way too much JavaDoc documentation; (6) Public domain (even less restrictive than Open Source). SAX2 adds standard methods to query and set features and properties in an XMLReader. It is sujets now possible to request an XML reader to validate (or not to validate) a document, or to internalize (or not to internalize) all names, using the getFeature , setFeature , getProperty , and metathesis, setProperty methods. There is no fixed set of features or properties available for SAX2: implementors are free to define new features and dissertation, properties as needed. All feature and property names are fully-qualified URIs (often URLs), such as http://www.acme.com/features/foo; as with Namespace URIs, people should always define feature and property names based on bachelor thesis latex, URIs that they control. All XML readers are required to recognize the dissertation http://xml.org/sax/features/namespaces and the http://xml.org/sax/features/namespace-prefixes features (see below), and to support a true value for the namespaces property and a false value for the namespace-prefixes property: these requirements ensure that all SAX2 XML readers can provide the minimal required Namespace support for higher-level specs such as RDF, XSL, XML Schemas, and XLink. XML readers are not required to recognize or support any other features or any properties, even the thesis with core ones. [. ] WRT SAX version 1: Of the core classes and interfaces, only Parser, AttributeList, DocumentHandler, and HandlerBase (which is sujets really a helper anyway) are deprecated.
All of the rest -- InputSource, Locator, EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ErrorHandler, SAXException, and SAXParseException -- are left untouched. [June 01, 1999] David Megginson has announced that an alpha version of with latex SAX2 for Java is now available for download. SAX2 is an update to the widely-implemented SAX 1.0 interface for dissertation, XML parsers. SAX2 consists of two parts: (1) a new, extensible mechanism for metathesis linguistics, querying and setting features and dissertation sujets, properties in SAX parsers in a standard way; and (2) a set of recommended core feature and property names. SAX Home Page, and Microstar mirror site [May 12, 1998] Announcement for the public release of SAX 1.0. See: http://www.megginson.com/SAX/. [May 14, 1998] SAX Parsers and teaching essay questions, Applications Quick Start for sujets, SAX Application Writers [September 25, 1999] SAX C/C++ Implementations: I have just successfully completed a C++ implementation of SAX/SAX2 and teaching, DOM, based upon expat. Currently I'm in the process of testing the whole thing ;). Eventually I will make it available to the public; however, some parts of the implementation use my company's proprietary C++ class library, so certain things need to be sorted out first. Dissertation! Feel free to contact me for more information. Guenter Obiltschnig, Sat, 25 Sep 1999 20:11:21 +0200, XML Developers' List.
Update 2000-08-10: the XML class library for professor creative, C++ is now available as open source at http://www.cpointc.com/XML. saxlib, a Python version of sujets SAX, with drivers (Lars Marius Garshol) [April 27, 1998] For developers only: SAX 1.0 beta, almost ready for announcement. [April 10, 1998] For developers only: test re-release beta version of SAX, and demo which does the define identity transform What is an Event-Based Interface? By David Megginson. Draft Interface Specification for SAX [March 20, 1998] , per the posting from David Megginson SAX - Simple API for XML. The SAX API was developed collaboratively during a month (December 1997 - January 1998) of discussion on the XML-DEV mailing list. SAX is a simple, common, event-based API for XML parsers written in object-oriented languages like Java, C++, or Perl5 (the reference implementation is in Java). SAX is similar in philosophy to JavaSoft's JDBC -- it allows you to sujets write an application once, then plug in any XML parser that has a SAX driver, just as the JDBC allows you to plug in any SQL database that has a JDBC driver. See the main database entry, the announcement from David Megginson , or the Microstar Web site.
References for essay questions, 'XML and Literate Programming' have been moved to a separate document under the title SGML/XML and dissertation, Literate Programming. Recent On Domestic! This document provides a collection of sujets references for literate programming techniques and style in the context of descriptive markup languages, e.g. Define Metathesis! , SGML, XML, DSSSL, HyTime, etc. Numerous researchers have observed that the sujets goals of information re-use and data normalization embraced by both literate programming and SGML-based markup languages provide the basis for using the linguistics two technologies together. GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) XML Library. References for 'XML and sujets, Python' are provided in a separate document, XML and Python. XML in Microsoft Internet Explorer. A press release of October 13, 1998 clarified Microsoft's plans for XML support in the MS Windows operating system and in Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. 'XML 1.0, XSL, XML DOM, and XML Namespaces'. Support features as announced include: Direct viewing of XML; High-performance, validating XML engine; Extensible Style Language (XSL) support; XML Schemas; Server-side XML; XML document object model (DOM).
Description of Microsoft's XML support is writing provided in a collection of references accessible from a separate document. [December 17, 1998] Sun Microsystem's Java Project X: Java Services for XML Technology is the dissertation new name for the Java services formerly released as the Sun XML Library. On December 01, 1998, this development project was renamed Java Project X, and moved to recent case on domestic in india Early Access 2 with API updates, some speedup, and minor bug fixes. Sujets! Java Project X is the codename for a set of core XML-enabling services written completely in the Java programming language. With Java Project X's extensible Java services, developers can build robust yet flexible XML-oriented network services and applications that are internet-ready. This release requires JDK 1.1.6 or later or JDK 1.2, and approximately 3.5M bytes of disk space. Sun's Java services in this new release provide full XML processing capabilities, including a fast XML parser with optional validation, an in-memory object model tree that supports the W3C DOM Level 1 recommendation, and basic support for JavaBeans integration with XML. Research Proposal! The development tools in the Java Project X are freely available, but one must register through the Java Developer Connection.
The second early access release is addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and fully conformant core XML software for their development. The library supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. The library is 'core' in dissertation, the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. That is, it is a building block for developers. According to the Release Notes, the Java Project X library conforms fully with open standards: 1) the parsers conform to the W3C's XML 1.0 recommendation; 2) the parse tree supports the XML (core) part of W3C's DOM Level 1 recommendation; 3) in combination, the two also support the current W3C XML Namespaces proposed recommendation; 4) the parser supports the SAX 1.0 API; 5) the entity resolution used within the parser normally conforms to the IETF's RFC 2376 registration for research, XML-related MIME content types, [but] this can be overridden as required. [September 25, 1998] On September 16, 1998, Sun Microsystems, Inc. Dissertation! released an 'Early Access 1' version of The Sun XML Library. As described by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference, the XML Library is a highly modular XML library that has been developed by the Java Software Division of Sun. Purpose Of Labor Support Essay! The XML library is written in the Java programming language and provides support for dissertation, the latest version (July) of the W3C DOM APIs and for the SAX 1.0 API.
The XML package includes fast validating and nonvalidating XML parsers, preliminary support for XML Beans , and examples, including an XML Validation Service . Metathesis Linguistics! The September 16th version is the first early access release, addressed to dissertation sujets Java developers who want access to proposal Sun's fast and fully conformant XML library core for their development of dissertation sujets extensible, conformant XML-enabled services and applications. That library supports fast parsing of XML documents, including optional validation, and supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. In addition, the core functionality supports an implementation of the W3C DOM APIs and the XML Namespaces proposal. The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is sample study proposal intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. All classes are written exclusively in the Java[tm] language, and accordingly may be used with any JDK 1.1 conformant system, including JDK 1.2 conformant systems. Developers have expressed strong interest in seeing XML enabling technology emerge from sujets, Sun because of the key role Sun has played in developing the XML specification and in creating the Java platform. The Java technology's 'portable code' along with XML's 'portable data' are valuable complements in creating truly platform-independent applications. Through the early access release, developers have an unique opportunity to participate in defining and of labor, evolving the XML Library. [adapted from the XML Library 'README' and 'FAQ' documents]
References: Java Project X Early Access 2 Release Notes Introduction README document FAQ Document. Dissertation! [local archive copy, 1998-09-25] Library Installation Developer feedback: email@example.com The Sun XML Library. Assistant Professor Creative Writing! Presented by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference. How fast is Sun's XML parser included in the core toolkit? In Sun's testing using JDK 1.1.6, the validating parser (doing lots of error testing) was significantly faster than the majority of the non-validating parsers tested and was an order of dissertation sujets magnitude faster than other validating parsers. Of course, Sun's non-validating parser is faster still. [December 08, 1998] XML and Java Technology - An Interview with Dave Brownell. [Part One] From java.sun.com ['The Source for Java Technology']. December, 1998. XML, the eXtensible Markup Language, is the universal syntax for describing and structuring data independent from application logic. This past February, XML 1.0 became a Technical Recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Proposal! From this milestone, numerous applications of XML are popping up far and wide - and more often than not they're using Java technology. We asked David Brownell, designer of Sun's Java Project X, for some perspective. Sujets! [Excerpt:] Q: Is there some special, natural affinity between Java technology and XML?
A: You bet. Java software is portable code . XML is portable data. By themselves, neither of these technologies provides such a solution. To get portable data, you need to thesis with latex pick a representation that is usable in most programming languages . like XML, which is structured text. To get portable behavior, you need a maintainable program standard that runs on dissertation, most computer systems . like Java language class files. Use Java and XML together, and you get both. . . A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J) Collaborative project for assistant creative writing, A Standardized XML API in dissertation, Java (Xapi-J). Includes: (1) Statement on Informal Work on a Standardized XML API in bachelor thesis latex, Java (Xapi-J), and (2) Collected Suggestions -- ideas for post XAPI-J 1.0 W3C XML/XLL/XSL Working Groups and SIGs. Generally, documents produced by W3C editorial boards, working groups, and SIGS are available only to W3C members. See, however:
XML Development: Technical Documents and sujets, Development Resources. Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. Sample Research! The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to dissertation XML; 3) SGML Declaration for study, XML. [local archive copy] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from XML co-editor Tim Bray. This resource presents the sujets unaltered text of the XML specification in sample study proposal, one pane (frame) of the display, augmented by graphically distinct note markers of five types: (1) Historical or cultural commentary; some entertainment value; (2) Technical explanations, including amplifications, corrections, and answers to Frequently Asked Questions; (3) Advice on dissertation sujets, how to use this specification; (4) Examples to illustrate what the spec is salary saying; (5) Annotations that it's hard to find a category for. Dissertation! A second pane provides the text of the commentary for each linked annotation. The resource also features a linked list of Terms Defined in XML 1.0, and links to purpose support relevant sections of the XML specification from dissertation, a list of EBNF productions. The annotations (some 308) are accessible from their titles as well.
[March 26, 1999] Supplementary Resources and Tools - A collection of additional resources, not found in the book [ The XML Specification Guide ], that are useful for purpose essay, understanding the XML specifications and using XML. These include [1999-03-26]: (1) A searchable index of all XML specifications (2) A searchable index of EBNF productions (3) A set of XML design patterns -- based on the approach of the same name introduced in object oriented design -- applied here to modeling document architecture; (4) Extracted EBNF for dissertation sujets, XML - defines, along with the well-formedness and validity constraints, the rules for writing well-formed or valid XML documents; (5) A list of useful online resources. [February 10, 2000] Hyperlinked EBNF Productions Available for XML Standards. Define! A recent posting from Dan Vint reports on a new Web site which contains all the dissertation EBNF productions, validation and well-formedness constraints for the following specifications: XML, Namespaces, XPath, XSLT, XPointer, XML Stylesheet PI, and support essay, XML Fragments. Dissertation! I have linked together information where the Namespaces or Fragments specification have modified the basic XML productions and sample study, I have included all of the constraints for each of these productions. The symbols within the productions are linked to dissertation sujets their descriptions and linguistics, all the references to dissertation sujets a production are also listed so you can follow the logic in both directions. The menu on sample proposal, the left side needs a little time to sujets build, but once available you can get to any production in alphabetical order by the specification. Assistant Creative! Let me know what you think about the sujets site and if there is anything I should add. [October 01, 1998] Stylesheet Linking.
Associating Stylesheets With XML Documents . Version 1.0 WD-xml-stylesheet-19981001. Edited by James Clark. World Wide Web Consortium Working Draft 1-October-1998. Assistant Professor Creative Writing! This document allows a stylesheet to be associated with an dissertation, XML document by including one or more processing instructions with a target of xml-stylesheet in the document's prolog. Pseudo-attributes are used in a processing instruction (href, type, title, media, charset, alternate), or in professor, multiple xml-stylesheet processing instructions. Examples: ?xml-stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? and dissertation, ?xml-stylesheet alternate=yes href=mystyle.css title=Medium type=text/css? . [local archive copy] XML Catalog proposal. By John Cowan. This is a proposal for XML Catalogs, a system based on SGML/Open catalogs (Socats) for translating XML public identifiers to XML system identifiers, which are Uniform Resource Identifiers [URI].
Note (1999-04-06): 'XCatalog' is now called 'XML Catalog'. [May 11, 1998] An earlier proposal [see preceding item] for a standard mechanism to associate a stylesheet with an sample study, XML document by means of an XML processing instruction is documented in dissertation, a recent W3C NOTE, Associating Stylesheets with XML Documents. The NOTE, authored by James Clark, has been submitted to the W3C at the request of the XML Working Group. The proposed syntax and semantics are analogous to the HTML LINK element used to identity stylesheets, as illustrated in study, the following example: LINK rel=stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css ?xml:stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? . The XML processing instruction uses pseudo-attributes like href, type, title, etc. The examples shown in the NOTE are for CSS client-side stylesheets. Document identifier: NOTE-xml-stylesheet-19980405, W3C Note 5 Apr 1998. Dissertation Sujets! [local archive copy] [December 01 , 1997] Announcement from James Clark for a test suite of purpose and value of labor essay files for XML processors. Dissertation Sujets! The collection of XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltest.zip. Updated December 13, 1997 to sample bring the test suite into alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. Also updated apparently February 9, 1998; [local archive copy] [April 03, 1998] David Megginson's book Structuring XML Documents (1998) devotes all of Part 4: DTD Design with Architectural Forms to dissertation architectural forms.
Specifically: Chapter 9. Architectural-Forms Concepts; Chapter 10. Basic Architectural-Forms Syntax; Chapter 11. Advanced Architectural-Forms Syntax. [June 10, 1998] XAF is XML Architectural Forms Processor. Accompanying David Megginson's XAF software package is detailed, tutorial-oriented documentation about XAF and architectural forms (Using the XAF package for Java), appropriate for both XML document designers and XML software designers. Adding Strong Data Typing to SGML and XML, by Tim Bray. May [21,] 1997. archive copy, May 21, 1997; or: previous archive copy, May 15, 1997]. Thesis Latex! Note: Jean Paoli of sujets Microsoft has submitted a related proposal in connection with the XML discussion XML for purpose essay, Structured Data [December 06, 1997] Why I Demand Schemata: Element Type Hierarchies for Transparent Document Structure Definition. By Henry S. Thompson (Language Technology Group, University of Edinburgh).
Draft date: October 15, 1997. Sujets! Overview: In this paper I describe the XML-Data schemata proposal, concentrating on the motivation for and nature of the provision of an element-type hierarchy, in which element types can inherit attribute declarations and positions in content models from ancestors in the hierarchy. I argue that this represents a major improvement over the use of parameter entities to structure and maintain DTDs. [local archive copy] [April 24, 1998] xml:lang resources for parser writers. Bachelor Thesis! Contributed by Murray Altheim (Sun Microsystems, SunSoft). Currently there are XML versions of files providing the ISO 639 (language), ISO 3166 (country), and dissertation, IANA charset values required for define metathesis, support of the xml:lang attribute values in XML 1.0. Please direct comments and corrections to Murray Altheim. These 'xml:lang resources' will be made available later on Sunsite. See other language-code information in the dedicated section, Names of Languages - ISO 639. [May 08, 1998] The 'standalone document declaration' in XML 1.0. Some questions were raised about dissertation sujets, its design/use in the XML 1.0 specification. See the collection of XML-DEV postings.
[October 02, 1997] Architectural Forms handout from a presentation Java Beans and linguistics, Architectural Forms, (August 21, 1997 - XML Dev Day), by David Megginson: Proposal: Architectural Forms for XML. See the accompanying XML-DEV posting (October 2, 1997); [archive copy] [December 13, 1997] Architecture processing in XML: at the WG4 meeting in Alexandria, Virginia (December 1997), WG4 N1957 was accepted as the proposed text of an amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997 (HyTime). As a subclause to Annex A.3 (A.3.4.4 Architecture Use Declaration Processing Instruction), the proposed architecture use declaration (arch) processing instruction would provide an dissertation, alternative form of architecture use declaration for use in environments where notations or data attributes are not supported. The amendment was sponsored by Charles F. Goldfarb, Steven R. Sample Research Study! Newcomb, W. Eliot Kimber, and Peter Newcomb. See the related posting by Eliot Kimber Architectures, Schemas, and XML: Proposed Amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997, with followup by David Megginson. [N1957, local archive copy] [November 01, 1997] A new submission to the W3C from Electricité de France, Research and dissertation, Development Division. The STTS2 submission for Simple Tree Transformation Sheets 2 would in principle govern the transformation of well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser. The submission abstract: This document describes a proprietary specification of recent case on domestic Electricité de France. It specifies the dissertation format of STTS2 transformation rules that can be applied to a HTML document (without CSS styles) in order to take advantage of the purpose and value essay Cascading Style Sheets and remove deprecated HTML elements or attributes in sujets, favor of CSS. Define Metathesis Linguistics! Even if the specification deals only dissertation, with HTML, this kind of transformation, or an extension of of labor essay this specification, can be easily applied on dissertation sujets, the fly to well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser without any XML plug-in or internal knowledge. The grammar of this specification is mainly based on define, the CSS2 grammar and extends it in dissertation sujets, some ways. [December 18, 1997] Reports from the W3C SGML ERB to thesis latex the SGML WG and from the sujets W3C XML ERB to the XML SIG.
Complied by C. Define Metathesis! M. Sperberg-McQueen for the use of the WG and SIG. Covers October 9, 1996 through December 1, 1997. Date: 4 December 1997. [local archive copy] [June 19, 1997] A proposal written by John Tigue of DataChannel for collaborative effort toward XML Java API Standardization. The document title is Informal Work on XML API Standarization for Java. Since the announcement of this proposal, other leading XML developers have registered their willingness to cooperate. The proposal's first goal is to find a lowest common denominator for the current implementations and abstract that to a set of interfaces such that a developer could use this new API independent of an dissertation sujets, underlying implementation of the sample research study XML processor and/or invest in learning the particular benefits a specific implementation provides. See: http://www.datachannel.com/ChannelWorld/XML/dev/. [January 23, 1998] SGML Exceptions and sujets, XML, by Eve Maler (ArborText) - briefly describes SGML exceptions (inclusions and exclusions) and teaching essay questions, discusses how 'exception users' can handle their DTDs and data in XML, which does not allow exceptions. See the database section: Use (and Non-use) of Exceptions in DTDs. [July 26, 1997] XML-ized ISO 8879 entity sets, by Rick Jelliffe of sujets Allette Systems. The postings were made to the XML Development list.
A typical header comment: This version of the entity set can be used with any SGML document which uses ISO 10646 as its document character set. This includes XML documents and ISO HTML documents. Creative! This entity set uses hexadecimal numeric character references. Please report any errors to Rick: firstname.lastname@example.org. The entities mapped to hex are in the following files: ISOgrk4.pen, ISOtech.pen, ISOdia.pen, ISOlat1.pen, ISOgrk1.pen, ISOlat2.pen, ISOgrk2.pen, ISOnum.pen, ISOgrk3.pen, ISOpub.pen. Available in a concatenated file, or archived as separate files in sujets, a .ZIP package. Note the disclaimer. See also the alternate source for XML entity sets, from James Tauber.
XML BNF, generated by Henry S. Thompson [March 7, 1997] [August 29, 1997] David G. Durand's Five Paragraphs on recent, 'Whitespace in XML', posted to XML-DEV. See also the discussion thread: http://www.lists.ic.ac.uk/hypermail/xml-dev/9708/0147.html. Revised SGML Declaration for XML 1.0, submitted by Rick Jelliffe [June 27, 1997]. Probably out-of-date. TEI Extended Pointers (Links) tutorial, by Lou Burnard. February 4, 1997.
Part 2 of the XML specification (link) is based in part upon sujets this TEI extended pointer syntax. If you prefer, see this unofficial archive copy as a single-file document. See also chapter 14 of the TEI Guidelines, and the alternate location of the assistant creative salary tutorial on dissertation, the UIC TEI server, as a single document. [August 28, 1997] Steve DeRose on TEI Extended Pointers vs. XML-LINK. Clarifies the relationship. XML Notes by Dan Connolly,W3C SGML ERB member, and W3C contact for recent on domestic violence, the XML effort. Python module for dissertation sujets, XML, Perl script for checking XML well-formedness [xml-check.pl], Converting XML to Lout, XML Typing, XML Modules, etc. Date: 1997/05/22.
W3C Notes - Some thoughts and software on XML, by Bert Bos. A simpler XML. Date: May 23, 1997. [August 09, 1997] ADT and Marshalling for XML, by Bert Bos. Abstract: This is an attempt at defining XML ( i.e. , XML proper, not the meta-grammar for defining XML applications, nor the hyperlinking conventions) in metathesis, a formal, mathematical way, that hopefully takes away all ambiguity as to what an dissertation, XML document contains, or what the relation is between the document and its linearized, textual representation. [archive copy] [October 23, 1998] XML and Semantic Transparency. By Robin Cover. [op - comments requested] The notion of metathesis linguistics XML conformance is addressed directly in the XML specification (Version 1.0, REC-xml-19980210) section 5. Conformance, which includes a discussion on 5.1 Validating and dissertation, Non-Validating Processors and study, another on 5.2 Using XML Processors. Information on the OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee and Testing and Validation Resources is dissertation sujets provided in purpose essay, a separate document. See the XML/XSL/XLink Software entries in the Public Software section of the SGML/XML Web Page for more complete descriptions of these tools. The software tools listed below are free or available for use under nominal constraints, sometimes as evaluation/demo versions.
Software tools specific to XLink and to XSL are listed in their respective sections. Dissertation! Some 'query language' tools are referenced in the document XML and essay questions, Query Languages. Commercial XML/XSL/XLink software support is provided by the vendors, of course. For other listing of dissertation XML software tools, see also: Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and of labor support, Vendors , the Free XML Tools and dissertation sujets, Software from recent, Lars Marius Garshol [ANN], and the XML Software Guide from WDVL. A list of SAX 1.0 Parsers and dissertation sujets, Applications is available on professor writing salary, David Megginson's Web site. [ This section under revision ] [January 14, 2001] How to validate XML. This is not an XML parser, but a note of sujets potential importance to developers contemplating XML parser design. From Joe English.
XML validation is an of labor support essay, instance of the regular expression matching problem. Sujets! The most commonly-used technique to solve this problem is based on finite automata. There is another algorithm, based on derivatives of regular expressions, which deserves to research proposal be more widely known. In this connection, see the discussions referenced in sujets, SGML/XML Notion of Ambiguity (non-deterministic content models). Ælfred XML Parser.
From Microstar. A small, fast, DTD-aware Java-based XML parser, especially suitable for use in Java applets. Free for both commercial and case study on domestic, non-commercial use. Updated to dissertation version 1.2 May 02, 1998. Teaching Essay Questions! [Updated to dissertation sujets version 1.1: 980309]. [cache copy] Larval.
Larval is a validating XML processor built on the same code base as Lark. From Tim Bray. [October 06, 2000] expat - XML Parser Toolkit. See the metathesis linguistics announcement for the release of dissertation version 1.2 [2000-10-06]; see also two entries following. expat is case study violence in india a high-performance, fully conforming, non-validating XML 1.0 parser toolkit written C. Described by Clark Cooper 1999-09-03. Comes with Win32 binaries and an xmlwf application. Test version 19990626 supports parsing external DTDs and dissertation sujets, parameter entities. Updated to of labor support version 1.1 29-May-1999. Pre-1.1 test release 1999-04-25. Dissertation! From James Clark, released 980405. Updated to version 1.02, January 11, 1999.
Version 1.0, August 14, 1998 (first production release). Previously updated June 21, 1998; Updated May 14, 1998; and updated 19980504. expat is the successor to xmltok. Purpose Of Labor Essay! See the dissertation sujets description on Clark's server, or in the software page. Note 2000-07, The Thai Open Source Software Center as a source for purpose of labor essay, expat. [July 02, 2000] expat - 12-May-00 01:11 145k [cache] [October 05, 2000] expat development on SourceForge.
According to a note from Clark Cooper: Maintenance of the expat XML parser has been delegated by James Clark to a team that includes James, Fred Drake, Paul Prescod, and [Clark Cooper]. SourceForge is hosting this project. [March 21, 2002] A posting from Dare Obasanjo of Microsoft announces the dissertation release of MSXML 4 SP 1 (Microsoft XML Core Services). This version 40SP1 (14-March-2002) release offers a number of new features and improvements over the MSXML 3.0, including support for the XML Schema language and substantially faster parser and XSLT engine. MSXML 4.0 SP1 is a complete replacement for teaching essay questions, MSXML 4.0 RTM. [July 21, 2001] Microsoft XML Parser (MSXML) 4.0 July 2001 Technology Preview.
The Beta 2 release offers a faster SAX and XSLT, complete XSD, etc. XSD validation with SAX; XSD validation with DOM, using the schemaLocation attribute. DOCTYPE replacement using a Java FilterReader/FilterStream. From Simon St.Laurent. DOCTYPEChanger and DOCTYPEChangerStream are Java classes that allow you to change the DOCTYPE declarations as a document is being read into an XML parser. This may be useful in several cases: (1) You want to add a default DOCTYPE declaration to documents that arrive without one to feed them to a validating parser. (2) You want to dissertation sujets test documents against a different DOCTYPE declaration than the one they arrived with. (3) You want to prevent document creators from assistant professor writing, making changes to the DOCTYPE your application understands. These classes allow you to set a root element, public identifiers, system identifiers, and an internal subset independently, and also let you specify whether the DOCTYPE declaration should be changed if present. ['It's not real sophisticated, but you might want to check out my DOCTYPEChanger, which lets you specify a DOCTYPE. It's a Java FilterReader (or FilterStream) which strips out the old DOCTYPE (if you insist) and puts in sujets, a new one. You can put it in recent case study violence, front of an dissertation sujets, XML parser if you want, or just run documents through it.']
ElCel Technology XML Validator. The ElCel Technology XML Validator is bachelor a free command-line utility built using our C++ XML Toolkit. As its name implies, this is a validating XML processor. It contains complete and up-to-date support for XML 1.0 (second edition and errata) and XML Namespaces. Sujets! It has been designed to highlight some of the strengths of the underlying XML Toolkit, allowing you to judge its speed and accuracy for yourself. Features include: fast and accurate, proven against the OASIS/NIST conformance suite; XML catalog support for define metathesis, resolution of public identifiers; any number of files can be validated in one go; validating or well-formedness mode; will report and recover from multiple errors, even 'fatal' ones; user-friendly error messages with optional location arrow; options to support batch processing; input can be via pipes, the local file system or HTTP URLs; freely available for both Windows and Linux. See the online manual. Canonical XML Processor. The ElCel Technology Canonical XML Processor is a free command-line utility built using the SAX 2.0 interface of our C++ XML Toolkit. It implements the dissertation canonicalization algorithm as described by the W3C's Canonical XML recommendation. Research Study Proposal! It also implements the dissertation sujets original Canonical XML specification from James Clark.
This is a very useful program for converting valid XML with a DTD into a standalone document. Recent Case Study On Domestic Violence In India! We also use it internally to sujets check the conformance of our XML Toolkit against the OASIS/NIST conformance tests. ObjectStore XML Parser - Microsoft's Java-based XML Parser integrated with ObjectStore PSE PSE Pro for assistant professor writing salary, Java. XJParser From DataChannel. Also has advanced query language support through emerging W3C standards support like data typing, XSL pattern matching, and dissertation sujets, node transformation. The DataChannel - Microsoft XML Parser for Java (Beta 2). Includes a validating XML engine, XSL support, and transformations of purpose and value data. December 1998 and later. See the FAQ document. [May 07, 1999] Redistributable 'Microsoft XML Parser' - Microsoft Corporation announced the release of the Microsoft XML Parser for incorporation by third-party developers into their applications. DataChannel XML Development Environment (DXDE) and DXP XML Parser.
DXP is a validating XML parser written in Java. It is specifically aimed at providing a utility for server-side applications that need to integrate XML capabilities into dissertation sujets, existing systems and for out-of-the-browser Java-based software. Bachelor With Latex! Updated 980211 or later. IBM XML for Java. XML for Java is dissertation a validating XML parser written in bachelor thesis latex, 100% pure Java. The package ( com.ibm.xml.parser ) contains classes and methods for parsing, generating, manipulating, and sujets, validating XML documents. Last updated 1999-02-10 (version 2.0.0). Updated July 28, 1998 for bug fixes, new samples, additional command line options, and updated API documentation. Released with a free commercial license Version 1.0.0 June 23, 1998. Updated 19980612. Previously updated May 13, 1998, and updated 1998-04-16.
[December 07, 2000] miniXML parser. David Cox presents a tree-based miniXML parser for XML that is written in C++ using the Standard Template Library for strings and various containers. Recent Case! The parser works with canonical XML, and is very fast, though limited to smaller XML documents. See the dissertation January 2001 issue of Dr. Dobb's Journal . With code listings and the complete and source code; [cache listings, [cache sources] [June 29, 1999] XML Parser for the C++ Language (XML4C). IBM alphaWorks' XML4C is essay questions a validating XML parser written in a portable subset of C++. XML4C makes it easy to dissertation sujets give an application the ability to read and write XML data.
It is a single shared library that provides classes for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. XML4C is faithful to the XML 1.0 Recommendation and associated standards (DOM 1.0, SAX 1.0). Source code, samples and API documentation are provided with the on domestic violence parser distribution. Sujets! Version 2.2.0 released 1999-06-25. Version 2.3.1 released August 26, 1999. SP Parser.
SP 1.3.4 released 1999-10-13. SP version 1.3 has better support for XML based on the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. SP adds support for (XML) documents that are merely well-formed. Sample Study! This is enabled by using -wno-valid . There's also a -wxml switch that warns about dissertation sujets, various things that are legal SGML but not XML. Update 971013: test release of SP with much more XML support. xmlwf - Clark's XML well-formedness checker, [now] part of XMLTok. Teaching Essay Questions! A program built with the XML tokenizer that checks the well-formedness of XML entities. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltok.zip.  And, note that the WebTechs' Validation Service now supports 'XML' - (possibly using this code?).
XXX: eXperimental Xml leXer - from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica). experimental software. the basic idea of XXX is that XML can be parsed using a recursive descent parser made from a highlyparameterized general-purpose lexical analyser. See also XXX Notation Processors. Sun Java Project X [XML Library] parser - a fast XML document parser with optional validation in the core of the sujets Sun Java Project X toolkit. OpenXML Parser - Version 1.0.5 introduces the X3P Publisher API, provides support for XHTML 1.0, and offers and major performance improvements. [February 24, 2000] Java pull parser built on SAX. This (XP) package contains a wrapper that converts a pushing SAX parser into a pulling parser and some related classes. Namespace support added 2000-01. Assistant! From Stefan Haustein. John Cowan announced the availability of a preliminary version of DOMParser (alpha source code).
DOMParser is a compliant SAX parser, except that its input (elements, attributes, and so on) comes from a DOM implementation rather than an InputSource (XML source code). Silfide XML Parser (SXP), a parser and a complete XML API in dissertation sujets, Java. Withe other client.server components. Questions! XSilfide is a client/server. Dissertation! P. Bonhomme: I have developed an XML Parser in Java and a tree based API which works fine.
HXP - Hubick's XML Parser. 'Work in progress' by Chris Hubick as of July 23, 1998. See the sujets associated 'HXA - Hubick's XML Analyzer' tool. Sam Blackburn's freeware C++ XML parser. In the WFC package (Win32 Foundation Classes). In Release 35, entity resolution was added to the XML classes. Assistant Professor Writing! XMLCheck - a new sample utility that loads an XML file and tells you if it is sujets valid or not. XMLParser class and xmllib module in the Python distribution. Expat (XML Parser Toolkit) Module for thesis, Ruby. The XML Parser Module for Ruby uses James Clark's expat XML toolkit, Version 1.0. It has two kinds of interfaces (event handler and iterator) and supports several encodings (UTF-8 and UTF-16, and dissertation sujets, with the 'Uconv' module, EUC-JP, Shift_JIS, and ISO-2022-JP). Version 0.3.3 description.
RUWF - XML well-formedness Syntax Checker with HTML interface, from XML.com. Built with Tim Bray's Lark parser. XML Syntax Checker - from Frontier 5. Use the blox XML parser based on expat, or the Frontier 5.1.3 built-in XML parser to check well-formedness of an XML document. 'XML-by-hand' (a (non-validating) XML parser written in Java) and parser take two (variant of the earlier parser above which may be more suitable for assistant salary, certain kinds of dissertation sujets XML data . . .). XML software from essay, Bert Bos. ISO-to-UTF [UTF-8 or UTF-16] XML Conversion Tool.
From Richard Goerwitz, Brown University, STG. Use this utility to sujets convert an existing XML document in an ISO format ( e.g. , ISO-8859-1) to UTF-8 or UTF-16. To facilitate autodetection of the document's existing format (as per appendix F to the W3C XML spec), please be sure to prepend a valid XML declaration to your document. See the research Open eBook Validator from Brown University, Scholarly Technology Group. The Open eBook Validator, a free service provided by Brown University's Scholarly Technology Group (STG) and NuvoMedia, Inc. HEX - The HTML Enabled XML Parser.
From Anders Kristensen (HP Labs, Bristol). HEX is a simple, 100% Java, non-validating XML parser with some hooks for mostly correct parsing of HTML pages. It doesn't understand either SGML or XML DTD's but the parser API allows the application to control its operation in ways that facilitate HTML parsing. It implements the DOM core level one API and the SAX event-driven API. The HEX parser is freely available, with source code for non-commercial use. It comes with a couple of sample applications. See: the HEX main page.
Delphi XML parsers. Dissertation! 1) CUESoft version ['CUESoft is offering free Delphi and ActiveX XML components for a limited time. . . CUESoft will be adding XML capability to its powerful CUEBase database for providing the ability to professor salary index and sujets, search large XML document databases']; 2) ICOM Datenverarbeitungs GmbH 'XML Parser Component for Delphi'. . . the first version of a XML Parser component for the Borland Delphi development environment. The current version supports all major features of the XML standard. We will enhance the component to support the full XML standard as soon as possible. Bachelor With Latex! Contact: email@example.com.
Whisper Mac/Win32 C++ application framework - 'The Esoterica [layer] includes automata classes, a regular expression class, a compression class (based on zlib), a simple text parser, a more complex parser (it builds parse trees), and dissertation, a validating XML parser.' MuXML - An XML Document Multiplexor. MuXML is a prototype Perl module that implements configurable multiplexing of XML document streams accessed via the LWPng module and parsed using the XML::Parser module. Essay Questions! Its returns its results using the XML::Grove module. Its primary purpose is to serve as a demonstration of the use of non-blocking design approaches with XML and Perl. . . Dissertation! MuXML is a demonstration of the utility of the partial parsing capability that Clark Cooper added to the 2.22 release of XML::Parser. Study On Domestic In India! From Gabe Beged-Dov. [local archive copy] PHP XML Parser Functions. PHP - Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP Version 3.0 is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of unique PHP-specific features thrown in.
The goal of the sujets language is to allow web developers to bachelor write dynamically generated pages quickly. See the sujets PHP Manual [Section] XLVIII. XML Parser Functions. This PHP extension implements support for James Clark's expat in PHP. This toolkit lets you parse, but not validate, XML documents. It supports three source character encodings also provided by PHP: US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and UTF-8. UTF-16 is not supported. This extension lets you create XML parsers and then define handlers for different XML events. Each XML parser also has a few parameters you can adjust.
See further the PHP3 Manual. Erlang XML parser. - (pre) release of an experimental XML parser. . . This parser has 5 Erlang modules. By Joe Armstrong. ['Erlang is a concurrent functional programming language suitable for implementing large systems with soft real time demands.'] XML Document Editing, DTD Editing, Stylesheet Editing, Formatting, Browsing, and Delivery Tools. XML in MS Internet Explorer - XML Browser support in Internet Explorer. XML in recent study on domestic in india, Mozilla - XML Browser support in Netscape.
XED - A WYSIWYG XML instance editor. From Henry S. Dissertation Sujets! Thompson, 980318. Updated 1999-09-13 [FreeBSD, Linux, WIN32, and Solaris 2.5 versions]. Updated to version 0.5 1999-07-20 [local archive copy]. Updated to beta July 12, 1998.
Updated to assistant professor creative writing 'final alpha' 980427. Updated to alpha version 0.2.1.4 980402. XML Editing Mode in dissertation, PSGML. XML patches from David Megginson. Version 1.2.0 (XML support, beta) 1999-10-13. See: 'PSGML Tricks', by Bob DuCharme. . . . [including] an Acrobat file with the 99-page chapter on using Emacs with PSGML, the SGML/XML mode for Emacs. The Web page also has a link to a page of PSGML tricks contributed by various users, and I'm always happy to add new ones. [1999-10-14] Kai Grossjohann described a problem with incompatible system identifiers when using psgml to teaching essay questions edit XML documents; David Megginson supplied the lisp code for sujets, a provisional fix. Note: Unicode encoding for GNU Emacs - If your file is encoded in UTF-8, you can use the Unicode encoding package for Emacs (http://www.cs.ust.hk/ otfried/Mule/) so that characters beyond US-ASCII are displayed properly. Assistant Professor Creative Salary! (I keep meaning to write a hook for psgml so that it can use the dissertation XML declaration to professor writing salary set the encoding automatically, but for now it's easy enough to use `C-x C-m c' before opening the file to set it manually. [XSL List] See the source for PSGML version 1.2.2. [PSGML version 1.2.3, November 8, 2001, cache] [December 06, 1999] XFA Edit - An Advanced XML Editor. Sujets! A new XML editing tool with source code is thesis available, as announced: XML For All Announces XFA Edit, an Advanced XML Editor. - XML For All, Inc. today announced the release of XFA Edit, an advanced text editor for dissertation sujets, XML and HTML documents that runs under Microsoft Windows operating systems. AuthorIT - According to the AuthorIT folks, the next version, to be released in about two weeks [ca 2001-01-19], is essay supposed to have full XML output implementation.
XRay from sujets, Architag International. (1) Can be used to create any XML document: [XML documents, XSL Stylesheets, XML Schemas, Document type definitions (DTD)]; (2) Support for and value of labor support, XSLT: [XSLT transformation window updates with every keystroke See changes as you type Multiple windows are allowed for each XML document Full XPath support]; (3) Fully validating XML editor: [Verifies well-formedness, Validates structure according to DTD, Validates structure and datatypes according to XML Data schema]; (4) HTML Viewing Window. Interactive Authoring and Display System (IADS). The IADS program distribution includes an XML DTD. The IADS Software is classified as a Class 3 IETM package, however, IADS has the dissertation capability of bachelor producing a Class 4 and 5 IETM. IADS uses SGML as its underlying text format. WYSIWYG editing is now provided which allows text entry, graphic manipulation, tag insertion, and modification within the context of the formatted display. This mode is turned on or off using the 'Edit mode' option under the 'Authoring' menu. The DTD (if specified in the DOCTYPE) is loaded, processed, and its rules stored for use when inserting or editing tags in sujets, the document. Purpose And Value Support Essay! The tag editor dialog box will only dissertation sujets, allow tags and tag attributes to be inserted that are defined in the DTD. 'Currently [2001-10], IADS is the only software able to parse and display IETMs meeting MIL-STD-40051A.' Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org ([Neil Frazier] IADS / Publications Services, US Army AMCOM).
jEdit for bachelor, XML - jEdit has an easy to use interface that resembles that of many other Windows and MacOS text editors. Dissertation Sujets! jEdit is extremely customizable, and has an extensive feature set, that includes, among other things: Syntax highlighting for 46 file types; Auto indent with support for creative writing, intelligent indent in Java, C and Python source; Search and replace with support for regular expressions, and searching in multiple files; Bracket matching; Abbreviations; Multiple clipboards; Rectangular editing; Split-window operation; Word wrap; Macro recording; BeanShell scripting. See also Thomas Passin's comments. XMetaL from SoftQuad Software. Dissertation! Is shipping as of 1999-05-26. Was in beta (1999-03). [October 14, 2000] [Star Division / Sun] StarOffice. See StarOffice and XML for bachelor thesis with, anouncement of source code and StarOffice XML DTDs. Earlier StarOffice entry (1999): The Sun product is expected to support XML -- in light of a Webcast statement by Star Division's Marco Boerries to dissertation sujets the effect that XML specifications created as part of the StarPortal initiative would be submitted to case on domestic in india the W3C, and sujets, that the APIs would be submitted to ECMA.
An article by Stephen Shankland in CNET News.com offers the assistant same hint from an interview with Marco Boerries: In line with the plan to dissertation become more open, Star Office file formats eventually will become XML, and teaching essay questions, the standard for interacting with it will become published openly and contributed to dissertation sujets the ECMA standardization group. Possible hints of teaching essay some SGML pedigree in a couple help files: one shows that the color of dissertation SGML can be changed for display purposes, and another shows that SGML is in metathesis linguistics, the glossary. [credits kd] Note: As of 2000-07, OpenOffice.org is the dissertation open source project through which Sun Microsystems is releasing the technology for the popular StarOffice productivity suite. a principal goal is the establishment of open, XML-based standards for office productivity file formats and language-independent bindings to recent on domestic in india component APIs. [January 04, 2000] epcEdit - A full-featured SGML/XML editor, which makes extensive use of the TkSGML library included in sujets, the epcEdit package. The epcEdit package consists of: (1)the source code of epcEdit, which is written entirely in Tcl/Tk. If you have some programming experience, it will be easy for you to adapt epcEdit to your needs; (2) the professor creative writing TkSGML widget library (binary) and documentation.
TkSGML is an SP-based SGML system that could best be described as a generic toolkit for building integrated SGML applications. epcEdit supports Unicode for SGML and XML documents; internally handles all data as UTF-8; Release 0.92 contains a very early version of a WYSIWYG editor for CALS tables. Support for HTML tables will be added later. See the technical description. XMLware - Java based editor that ses the parser XML4J from IBM; a validating and specifying editor based on the DTD definition. Download evaluation version. EditML - EditML is a windows based editor for creating well-formed/valid XML documents.
The document can be a data file, schema file or a stylesheet. It is based on Microsoft's MSXML parser conforming to XML specification 1.0 (W3C standard). By Saravanan Lakshmanan. DocZilla XML/SGML Browser. See the announcement for DocZilla SGML/XML browser for WinNT/95/98 and Linux [1999-06-03]. Envision XML - An industrial strength XML schema development tool. Has a fully graphical interface and a central data dictionary; well suited to larger development teams; designed to reduces the dissertation need to sample study proposal learn complex syntax. Contact: James Knowles. GO. GO is a [GNOME] word processor with a plugin system, hyphenation and sujets, justification, undo system, an xml file format, printing, and other features.
From Chris Lahey. AbiWord - a full-featured word processor, he first application in a suite from define metathesis, AbiSource, Inc. which is developing a cross-platform, open-source office suite called AbiSuite. 'Why does AbiWord use XML as its native file format? Because we like XML.' See the dissertation sujets AbiWord DTD, cache; also XML Schema for AbiWord Markup Language, cache. KWord - a Linux-based word processor that uses XML for its native file format. A FrameMaker-like wordprocessor of the research proposal KOffice. Frame oriented, not page oriented. Morphon XML Editor, based on Java. From Lunatech Research.
Beta 1 version 1999-06-28. Also: http://www.morphon.com/. Documentor from Excosoft AB. Sujets! Evaluation version available for download. See screenshots.
[September 30, 1999] Stilo recently announced an introductory offer [reduced price, 'try and buy'] for its Stilo WebWriter, described as a comprehensive editor for creating XML. sxml-mode for (X)Emacs. From Philippe Le Hégaret. Teaching! This emacs mode uses psgml-1.0.1 and font-lock (with a Java Virtual Machine) to 'validate' XML documents with SAX (The Simple API for XML) in Emacs. LiveDTD. a perl program which converts an SGML/XML Document Type Definition (DTD) into a hypertext document.
See the announcement. Visual XML - alpha version 980406, designed to assist in the creation and editing of sujets XML documents, including DTDs. From Pierre Morel. An application written in Java, with support for study, internationalization and customization ( e.g. , Metal, Windows, Motif interfaces) features. Adobe 'ReadXML' for FrameMaker Sample Code. 'ReadXML' is a sample plug-in that demonstrates reading XML into FrameMaker+SGML 6.0. Dissertation Sujets! This plug-in parses XML and outputs an SGML document. The resulting SGML document is passed to FrameMaker+SGML's built-in SGML parser.
Note opnly a sample as of 2001-01-05, not fully functional and will not correctly handle most XML files; its purpose is to creative writing salary illustrate how a developer could create a robust XML-based solution. XML Authority - a graphical design tool accelerating the creation and enhancing the management of dissertation sujets schemas for XML. Research Study! With support for data typing, solutions for data interchange and document oriented applications converge. XML Authority includes a toolset to help convert existing application and document structures to schemas, defining the dissertation basis for well formed XML documents and enabling valid XML. Beta, 1999-03-25.
Zveno Swish XML Editor - Swish is a non-validating XML document editor. It allows the teaching questions user to sujets view and edit a XML document in teaching essay questions, both a tree-mode and a document-mode simultaneously. Linux, Windows 95/98/NT and Macintosh PPC. Version 1.0 beta 1 released 1999-03-27. Emilé - XML Editor for Macintosh. Version 1.0 1999-06-10.
An introductory price of sujets $79. A demo copy of the editor can be downloaded from the in india company's website. HyBrick SGML/XML Browser. HyBrick is an advanced SGML/XML browser developed by Fujitsu Laboratories, the dissertation sujets research arm of Fujitsu. HyBrick is based on an architecture that supports advanced linking and formatting capabilities. HyBrick includes a DSSSL renderer and XLink/XPointer engine running on top of James Clark's SP and Jade. See also the announcement. SixPack - an open source code XML editor for Macintosh designed in purpose and value of labor support, REALbasic. includes an XML parser (that complies to the XML 1.0 specification as a well-formed processor), a set of classes that emulate the DOM, and a variety of visual components for sujets, editing and displaying XML documents. all in 100% native REALbasic. Microsoft XML Notepad. A simple prototyping application for HTML authors and developers that enables the assistant professor creative salary rapid building and editing of dissertation small sets of XML-based data.
Validates instance against an XML DTD at load time. Study On Domestic Violence In India! First released 980722. DTDGenerator - XML DTD Generator. From Michael Kay (ICL). SAXON DTDGenerator is a program that takes an dissertation, XML document as input and produces a Document Type Definition (DTD) as output. The aim of the program is to sample research study proposal give you a quick start in writing a DTD. [19980505.] Note 2000-01-05: DTDGen is now part of dissertation sujets SAXON. DTDGenerator Frontend - A perl script written by Paul Tchistopolskii, as a frond end to Michael Kay's DTDGenerator. Near Far Designer. - An XML and define linguistics, SGML DTD authoring tool; visual, drag-and-drop interface.
tdtd - Emacs Major Mode for editing SGML/XML DTDs. Updated [version 0.7] March 15, 1999 or later. Previously updated (version 0.6) 980801. Previously updated (version 0.5) 980524. XML Spy - a professional validating XML editor that provides three integrated views on XML documents: an dissertation, enhanced grid view for structured display and editing, a low-level source view with syntax coloring, and an integrated browser view that supports CSS and XSL style-sheets. Detailed find, replace, and print options are available in all views. Complete Unicode and character-set encoding support is included. XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets. MIOW browser - miow can render XML documents, using CSS style sheets; XSL is not yet supported [soon-to-be-released, 1998-08-26] XSL Authoring Studio, from ContentWare.
Soon to be available in alpha version on the Web. Professor Creative Writing! It was demonstrated by dissertation sujets Ray Cromwell and Shawn O'Connor at 'XML: The Conference' Developers' Day, March 27, 1998. The tool as shown also supported an purpose of labor, XML document instance editor from which the XSL stylesheet editor may be launched. It uses Lark and DocProc. XSLJ - Henry Thompson's XSL-to-DSSSL translator. Updated: 980112. PrismEd. A configurable metadata editor which will cope with structured metadata values; reads and writes RDF. Written in Java 1.1 (1.1.6), and sujets, can be run either as an essay, applet or as an sujets, application.
Announced 1998-09-05. Link - The tool ' Link is an XML-XSL-XLL browser'. Link is a simple application written in bachelor with, Java that allows a user to view XML documents with XSL stylesheets and XLL hyperlinking. [April 09, 1998] JBX - Java XML Browser - JXB is a project to create a web browser in Java for dissertation, the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Under development by Chris Hubick [now discontinued?]. [May 14, 1998] IRIS XML EDITOR, beta 1 and IRIS XML DTD GENERATOR, from innovation Partners and study violence in india, CEI (Cabinet d'études Informatiques). Dissertation Sujets! Demo/Beta-1-ware. Jade - DSSSL engine. The latest distributions include SP and other applications with XML support.
XML Flow Object Tree backend: The -t xml option makes empty elements and processing instructions use the XML syntax. Jade 1.2.1 updated October 13, 1998. SGML/XML Kit - The SGML/XML Kit is a browser add-on that transforms SGML/XML documents into displayable entities; [it] is based on define linguistics, a DSSSL script engine. XML Application Environments, Development Toolkits, Conversion. SAX - the Simple API for XML. SAX is a common event-based XML API now in use by many parsers and applications. Dissertation Sujets! David Megginson is the project leader. See also the questions references above. Version 1.0 released May 12, 1998. SAX 2/Java (beta). Released by David Megginson 2000-01-28.
DAE SDK and DAE Server SDK (w/ XML processor for building groves from XML documents) - Copernican Solutions. [SAXDOM renamed 'FREE-DOM' as of dissertation sujets 19980505] - see the following entry] SAXDOM - An implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API using Simple API for and value, XML (SAX). From Don Park. See the main page. Updated 980504 to support the 04/16/98 DOM spec. Updated 980406 to support the dissertation sujets DOM specification of 03/18/98, WD-DOM-19980318. Docuverse DOM SDK. Supersedes FREE-DOM, above From Don Park.
Docuverse DOM SDK is an implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API in Java. Formerly 'FREE-DOM' and before that, called SAXDOM. Updated September 06, 1998. Proposal! Updated July 21, 1998 to dissertation support the DOM version of 19980720. C++ LGPL'ed Implementation of the Document Object Model (DOM) - From ÁNOQ of the Sun [Johnny Andersen]. 980818 DOM spec, . . . written for the Berlin project. Berlin uses CORBA, but this DOM implementation can be used both with and thesis with latex, without CORBA. . . . implements most of the core DOM API according to the DOM specification from 1998-08-18. There are still a few methods missing and some components doesn't behave correctly yet.
The document type components are not implemented yet. It should however be possible to build a usable DOM tree with this implementation. XML Testbed. An XML application environment written in Java. From Steve Withall. . Dissertation Sujets! uses an XML configuration file to define the (Swing-based) user interface; includes its own non-validating XML parser (though it can use any SAX parser instead), a nascent XSL engine (to the latex old submission standard - just in dissertation, time to be out of date), and recent violence in india, a few other odds and ends. SAXON - a Java class library for XML Applications.
The SAXON package is a Java interface for processing XML documents. It provides a set of services that are particularly useful for applications performing XML- XML or XML- HTML transformations. From Michael Kay. Version 4.4, 1999-07-14; Version 4.3, 1999-06-15. Updated 1999-02-16. Earlier: Updated October 20, 1998. Updated September 01, 1998.
Updated 980721 to use the new Free-DOM release of July 21, 1998. Was updated 19980616. Dissertation! [Previously updated: 980513.] XAF - an XML Architectural Forms Processor. XAF is a Java-based XML architectural forms processor that acts as both a SAX application and a SAX parser. . . the client application sees the (virtual) architectural document instead of the assistant professor creative writing actual XML document. From David Megginson. ExCost. ExCost is for dissertation, 'Expat and Cost'.
Uses an extension to TCL that allows it to parse ESIS file and teaching questions, handle output in a event or tree driven behaviour. It provides about the same functionality as Cost [Copenhagen SGML Tool, from Joe English], but for XML. XML-DBMS - a set of dissertation sujets Java packages you can use to transfer data between XML documents and relational databases. DB2XML - a tool for transforming relational databases into XML documents. Delta XML - Monsell's standalone tools for metathesis linguistics, comparing XML documents and comparing complex data in dissertation sujets, XML. identify and monitor changes to XML documents and professor creative, data files. Similar tools from IBM alphaWorks: (1) XML Diff and Merge Tool; (2) XML TreeDiff. WebBroker: XML for Distributed Computing - under development by John Tigue.
The goal is to come up with a unified software object model for the Web. See slides from XML'98 in Seattle and the database entry. PLSXML From Oracle. a set of PL/SQL-based XML utilities and demonstrations. The PLSXML Suite consists of: (1) DBXML - For generating rich, nested XML documents from SQL queries; (2) DBDOM - For creating, parsing, traversing, and searching XML Documents using the Document Object Model API; (3) DBXSL - For generating a database-driven XSL stylesheet for a tree-rendering of dissertation sujets data. LT XML - XML toolset. LT XML is a set of C programs for purpose support, manipulating XML files and a C application program interface (API) designed to ease the writing of C programs which manipulate XML documents. Updated to version 1.0 980624.
Previously updated 980508. OmniMark LE 4.0 Preview - a special early release (for Windows 95/NT only) that previews the enhanced XML functionality in dissertation, the new, soon-to-be-launched full version of OmniMark 4.0; LE is a free product. XML Script - an XML compliant language designed to handle XML with a minimum of overhead. X-Tract is a freely available XML Script processor. From DecisionSoft Ltd. Contact: Paul Warren. [Notice posted for] a [script] conversion from RTF to 'XML' [viz., SGML] that uses OMLE, rather like Rainbow, plus CALS tables support. The RTF2XML filter, formerly RTF2SGML, has been enhanced in version 0.4 for handling XML, including built-in support for Unicode RTF. Requires OmniMark or OmniMark LE from OmniMark Technologies, Inc. See RTF2XML, or the recent case study on domestic in india local archive copy.
MajiX - Java compliant tool from Tetrasix, automatically transforms RTF files (Microsoft Word files) into XML. converts RTF styles and dissertation sujets, some document characteristics into a XML file conforming to a document type definition DTD. The names of the of labor essay tags may be changed by dissertation sujets the user. Majix version 1.1 is the third release; it corrects some bugs from version 1.0 and sample research study proposal, provides support for XSL through James Clark's XT. Dissertation! With online documentation. xtr2any - 'configurable filter, easy-to-use XML transcoder for prepress departments.' A Linux command or as a Win32 console application. Assistant Salary! Download the (restricted) demo version.
masterplan - a convertor generator; you'll need gcc, bison and flex or equivalents to build both the dissertation sujets executable and assistant, the convertors. Version 0.0.1 (1999-03-29). From: Paul Janssens. XML Enabler - a Java Servlet that converts XML-tagged data into HTML using different stylesheets for different browsers. From IBM.
See the white paper, Accessing XML on the Client. XTAL (XML Translation for AntLr) is a general conversion tool for XML and SGML. ANTLR and Java serve as basis and description language. From Oliver Zeigermann. MetaMorphosis - SGML/XML Tree Transformer.
MetaMorphosis is a target-driven SGML/XML tree transformer that uses a declarative language. Ace utility program. Ace is a freely available scripting language which allows powerful manipulation of SGML and XML documents. XTL - A C++ XML toolkit with DOM SAX support. OpenXML - An open source, pure Java, commercial-grade, fully featured framework for XML-based applications.
OpenXML covers the entire cycle of XML documents production, processing and delivery for dynamic content publishing and application to application communication. Updated 1999-04-01. Latex to XML Converter - This converter takes a latex file (*.tex) from dissertation sujets, your directory and outputs an define, XML file (*.html) to dissertation sujets the browser. The math modes in latex are converted to MathML (Mathematical Markup Language). To view the output, you will need to research download the sujets W3C test-bed browser Amaya. From Ashes Dhanna Ganguly.
Extensible Protocol (XP) - a bidirectional protocol on teaching essay, which XML documents are exchanged between two endpoints. The com.thinlink.xp package implements XP draft 00 using stream sockets and the IBM xml4j processor. Sujets! It uses an event-listener interface and the Document Object Model to send and sample research proposal, receive XML documents. From Tom harding. Implements IETF 'draft-harding-extensible-protocol-00.txt'; [local archive copy]. See: Extensible Protocol. See also: XML tools in sujets, Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , SGML TOOLS - By Tool Category
Main entry for W3C Recommendation 'Namespaces in XML' (REC-xml-names-19990114) and its commentary: Namespaces in XML A Proposal for Namespaces in XML, by Henry S. Linguistics! Thompson. Language Technology Group, HCRC, Edinburgh. May 27, 1997. Overview: . . .a quite simple proposal for dissertation, namespaces, lighter weight than those seen heretofore, but admittedly NOT valid SGML as things stand. Define Linguistics! I think its light weight, flexibility and dissertation, functionality commend it. Creative Writing Salary! See also a free-form XML version submitted to the W3C SGML WG list. [HTML mirror copy] [June 06, 1998] A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML. By Toru Takahashi. ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 N1987. Sujets! 98-05-15.
Supersedes WG8 N1873. Recent Case Violence! From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from sujets, SGML's restriction on teaching questions, namespaces. Sujets! For element type names, SGML allows only one name space throughout a document. This restriction means, that if you intend to design a new DTD, you have to be familiar with all the questions element types you wish to use to construct the DTD, and have to select their names very carefully to avoid name conflicts. This lack of modularity makes difficult to dissertation sujets use separately designed declaration sets (DTD fragments) in mixture to sample research proposal build up a complete DTD. For example, if you want to use pre-defined declaration sets for 'tables' and sujets, 'math expressions' together to construct your own 'report' DTD, you have to recent study violence in india examine whether there are any name conflicts between them or not.
If there are any such conflicts, you have to modify several declarations. This restriction in name space makes impossible to treat these declaration sets as public (read only) texts. Dissertation Sujets! Similar problems may occur on the parameter entity names. To solve these problems, I propose to introduce the concept of 'Module' into metathesis linguistics, SGML. [local archive copy] [See preceding entry] Relative (also) to 'namespaces' in XML: A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML [namespaces], by Toru Takahashi. 12 November 1996. Dissertation! From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is assistant professor creative writing salary a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on name spaces.
For element type names, SGML allows only sujets, one name space per document. . . [mirror copy], also available as http://www.ornl.gov/sgml/wg8/document/1873.doc. Web Architecture: Extensible Languages. W3C Note 10 Feb 1998. NOTE-webarch-extlang. By Tim Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly (W3C). This document is professor creative writing meant to be a fairly explanatory synthesis of the requirements for namespace extension in languages on the web, and in particular for the general language planned to be the dissertation sujets common basis of many future applications, XML. It was originally written as part of the bachelor thesis 'Design Issues' series of sujets notes. Whilst technically the personal opinion of the authors, it their best attempt as technical coordinators at outlining common architectural principles for W3C development. [local archive copy] xml-bind - XLinks from Types and Names.
By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note 13 March, 1998 (Note-xml-bind-19980313). This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. Bachelor Latex! It is primarily an alternative to the namespace proposal and a contribution to defining XLink requirements. RDF and dissertation sujets, XML-data designers may also find it relevant. [Abstract:] Current linking systems are based on links from elements ( i.e. , instances of recent on domestic violence element types in a document). This paper holds that several of the technologies under development by dissertation the W3C working groups are better characterized as links from metathesis, types and names. Suggestions are made for a general architecture to dissertation handle this, and for define metathesis linguistics, how this can be integrated into dissertation, XLink. Research! Namespaces, parts of RDF, and SGML Open Catalogs are re-characterized as XLinks from types and names. Sujets! [local archive copy] A Cut and Paste Infrastructure for XML. By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note-xml-cnp-19980131, Note 1-February-1998.
This document is a NOTE for recent case on domestic, discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. It is a personal critique of XML 1.0 PR, especially in dissertation, the light of the namespace proposal, RDF and XML-data. It may be seen as a contribution to user requirements for case in india, an XML 1.1. XML Cut'n'Paste is a proposal for various conventions which address many sophisticated uses in dissertation sujets, Extensible Markup Language (XML) while retaining true to its underlying model, as an application of SGML. [local archive copy] Comparison of SGML and bachelor thesis with, XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and sujets, XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to professor creative writing salary XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML, in two variants: (a) one which takes advantage of the Extended Naming Rules Technical Corrigendum to ISO 8879, but does not make use of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex; (b) one which takes advantage of the dissertation Web SGML Adaptations Annex to bachelor thesis latex ISO 8879. Dissertation! [local archive copy] The new (informative) ISO 8879 Annex L: Added Requirements for sample research proposal, XML illustrates the relationship of SGML declarations to 'added requirements' by means of a real-world example, XML. The annex has a prose application summary and sample SGML declaration.
Some of the Recent Changes to ISO 8879 (Annex K, Web SGML Adaptations; also Annex L, Added Requirements for dissertation sujets, XML) are motivated by the goal of bringing SGML and XML into define, alignment. See Bob DuCharme, SGML: Changing to Accommodate XML. [July 19, 1998] Converting an sujets, SGML DTD to XML. Teaching Essay Questions! By Norman Walsh [ArborText]. Norm Walsh itemizes the steps in dissertation sujets, SGML-to-XML DTD conversion in essay questions, a couple categories: Many of these changes are straightforward and, for a large number of SGML DTDs, they will be fairly easy to accomplish. . . There are also some changes that may have a large impact on the semantics of the DTD. Luckily, these are mostly infrequently-used SGML features so they don't turn up often in most DTDs. Also at XML.com [XML QA] (July 08, 1998). [September 17, 1999] XML/SGML: On the sujets Web and Behind the Web. By Alfred Attipoe and Philippe Vijghen [The SGML Technologies Group].
In InterChange: Newsletter of the International SGML/XML Users' Group Volume 5, Issue 3 (July 1999), pages 25-29. There is some confusion as to when [to] use SGML and when to define use XML. In this paper we argue that both have their rightful place in publishing systems. We discuss the impact of the new Web technologies on publishing systems by clarifying the relationship between XML and SGML. We describe available features of dissertation sujets both markup languages and assistant professor creative, evaluate them empirically, taking into consideration several distinct points of dissertation view. Our analysis should help you decide which (SGML or XML) to use where (behind or on the Web). . . we argue that XML, devoid of SGML complexity, is ideally suited for the exchange and publication of documents/information on the Web. However, XML lacks some features which are very useful when creating behind-the-Web systems where reqirements stress the need for expressive information models and data-processing functionality.
SX , a converter from SGML to XML. Part of James Clark's SP parser toolkit; new in the distribution of SP version 1.3 . SX converts SGML to XML. SX parses and validates the SGML document contained in sysid. . Case Study On Domestic Violence! . and writes an equivalent XML document to the standard output. Dissertation Sujets! SX will warn about SGML constructs which have no XML equivalent. [local archive copy] Using an XML Audit to Move SGML Data towards XML. By Charlie Halpern-Hamu, Incremental Development, Inc. Presented at XML'98 in teaching essay questions, Chicago. Sujets! This paper describes, at a technical level, how to assess the XML-readiness of your SGML data as a first step towards moving it towards XML. This paper suggests an 'XML audit': a technical review of current markup practice with eye towards simplification. The goal of an case study on domestic violence in india, XML audit is to understand which portions of your current SGML application are not XML.
The next step might be to start deemphasizing your use of those features. . . [November 06, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 1). By Bob DuCharme. Dissertation Sujets! In TAG Volume 11, Number 10 (October 1998), pages 9-10. Proposal! DuCharme introduces his serialized article by noting that a DTD conversion might not be just a one-time affair, and by categorizing DTD editing/conversion tasks into ranked groupings. [December 09, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 2). Dissertation Sujets! By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 11 (November 1998), pages 5-7. In this second part of metathesis linguistics a two-part TAG article, the author discusses SGML-XML DTD conversion in the case of mixed content models, RCDATA, CONREF, and SUBDOC. SGML, XML, and HTML Document Components Compared.
From a poster session, by Dennis J. O'Connor, Consultant, Mulberry Technologies, Inc. MicroStar Ltd. is developing a set of heuristics (and software) for automatic conversion of dissertation SGML DTDs to XML DTDs. Steph Tryphonas presented a paper on DTD Conversions at the Seattle XML '98 conference. TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum, Information Products Interchange) has provided a record of its recent efforts to XML-ize the TIM Telecommunications Interchange Markup DTD, version 2.0.4. See provisionally the March 06, 1998 entries. One now also encounters the phrase XML-compliant HTML . Metathesis! . . [May 13, 1998] W3C published a NOTE entitled XML in HTML Meeting Report. This report, edited by Dan Connolly (W3C) and Lauren Wood (SoftQuad), addresses a number of issues relating to sujets the use of proposal XML encoding within HTML documents. At a meeting of sujets February 11-12, 1998 (San Jose, California, Sun Microsystems), participants from a variety of W3C working groups met to discuss these issues, and in metathesis, particular, concerns relating to the support of MathML and RDF written in XML and intended to be used in HTML documents. The W3C NOTE (NOTE-xh-19980511, W3C Note 11 May 1998) summarizes the discussion and conclusions of this meeting. [local archive copy] [July 27, 1998] IBTWSH (Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Simple Hypertext) DTD - from John Cowan.
This is an XML DTD which describes a subset of dissertation sujets HTML 4.0 for embedded use within other XML DTDs. It is by intention equivalent (within its scope) to -//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN, but is study not a derived work in the copyright sense. [local archive copy, 980727] The development of new vocabularies and the design of namespace syntaxes have increased public interest in registration authorities and sujets, authentication services which could be set up to manage name conflicts. Assistant Professor Creative Writing! Facilities are needed for support of globally-unique names, persistent links and resources, name (public identifier) resolution, mapping between public and system identifiers, etc. Dissertation Sujets! Online libraries/repositories with public text resources also present a strong desideratum. Purpose Of Labor Essay! Several initiatives for registries and repositories have been announced. A few of the sujets early initiatives which have been publicized are referenced in on domestic violence in india, a separate document. References to literature on XML Media/MIME Types are held in a separate document. In the following lists of XML Examples and Non-Examples, a certain number of items in sujets, the former category undoubtedly will (come to) belong to research study the latter category, given the evolution of the XML specifications and other factors. Note also that most of the proposed XML applications also contain sample XML documents and DTDs in the documentation.
The XML Recommendation 1.0 (February 1998) in XML format. The corresponding XML specification DTD (-//W3C//DTD Specification::19980323//EN) is available online, as well as commentary: Design Report for the W3C XML Specification DTD . Version 2.0 of the XML Spec DTD 1999-07. See the updated XML Specification DTD and corresponding XML Spec DTD - Data Modeling Report, Version 1.2, 1998-09-10. See the XML versions of the XLink and XPointer specifications ( i.e. , 3-March-1998). XML source files for PR-DOM-Level-1-19980818. The DOM specification serves as a good example of the power of using XML: all of the dissertation sujets HTML documents, Java bindings, OMG IDL bindings, and ECMA Script bindings are generated from a single set of XML source files. Assistant! [local archive copy] See the Production Notes for details.
[July 1999] Updated Shakespeare XML documents, from Jon Bosak. See: shakespeare.2.00.xml.zip, and shaks200.zip. Also: religion.2.00.xml.zip and rel200.zip. Dissertation Sujets! Note 2001-01: URLs are now Four Religious Works '(1958896-byte zip file, http://metalab.unc.edu/bosak/xml/eg/rel200.zip)' and The Plays of Shakespeare '(2195143-byte zip file, http://metalab.unc.edu/bosak/xml/eg/shaks200.zip)'; I do not know if these are identical version 2 document sets. [October 12, 1998] See above. Jon Bosak (Sun Microystems)) announced the availabilty of bachelor latex a major revision to dissertation the XML-tagged religion set.
The collection includes a group of essay four religious works (The Old Testament, The New Testament, The Quran, and The Book of Mormon) marked up for electronic publication from dissertation, publicly available sources. Bachelor With Latex! The texts were originally marked up (1992) as an exercise in SGML DTD and style sheet design, and in dissertation sujets, 1996 were released along with a companion Shakespeare set as the earliest examples of real documents marked up in XML. Sample Research! The current distribution conforms to the XML 1.0 Recommendation released February 8, 1998. Verse numbers for dissertation, the referencing systems are now generated by style sheets, which are included in the distribution. These texts are used as benchmarks for XML parsers by and value support some developers. Dissertation Sujets! Source: http://metalab.unc.edu/pub/sun-info/standards/xml/eg/rel200.zip; [local archive copy]. Sample XML documents with DTDs ( e.g. , Bible, Shakespeare), for the benefit of assistant professor creative anyone developing XML tools; provided by Jon Bosak. See the updated announcement of January 30, 1998. [See also the earlier announcement for other details.] Example XML documents in Japanese are available. They are encoded in UTF-16 (big endian and little endian), UTF-8, iso-2022-jp, shift_jis, and euc-jp.
One document is the translation of the sujets XML PR, and it will soon be replaced with that of the XML recommendation. . . From Murata Makoto. [local archive copy/snapshot, 19980603] [April 09, 1999] xmlTree. - a list of teaching essay sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules collected by James Carlyle. [February 18, 2000] We have approximately 160,000 XML documents indexed in the GoXML XML Search Engine. Many of these are in XML with XSL format. THe url is: www.goxml.com. Sujets! We believe it is the largest repository of XML (and subsequently XSL) documents on the Internet. Grab a copy of Microsoft's IE 5.+ and have a blast. [Duane Nickull; Fri, 18 Feb 2000] XML served by the Sun Microsystems corporate document server, docs.sun.com . The docs.sun.com service from Sun stores information in a compiled SGML format and can deliver either XML or HTML data dynamically, according to requests from a client. See, for example, the professor docs.sun.com XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and dissertation, disability.xml. Define Metathesis! [See also the sujets database entry for the docs.sun AnswerBook Documentation.] [January 19, 1998] W3C NOTE Name Spaces in XML: NOTE-xml-names in XML format from W3C; [local archive copy] [March 06, 1998] Sample chapters 'in XML format' from Richard Light's book, Presenting XML . Presented on the companion Web site. [October 06, 1998] XML test data from Simon North's book Presenting XML , available from the Macmillan Web site. The author says: The material was written in Author/Editor using the TEI-lite DTD (freely available on the Web) and converted to Microsoft Word, via RTF, for printing using jade. The XML and HTML code was created from the SGML sources.
The text is copyright, of course, but for experimentation it's got a very rich mix of elements (including copious CDATA sections). [XML-L 6 Oct 1998] [December 07, 1998] XML release of the TEI Lite DTD (personal work, from teaching, Patrice Bonhomme, not an official release of the TEI Lite.) See also reference to work on preparation of an dissertation, XML Version of the full TEI DTD. [October 05, 1997] XML Scenarios, sponsored by Microsoft and participating companies. This part of the Web site features a collection of articles that describe how industry leaders are using XML-based applications today to increase sales and productivity, improve customer satisfaction, and lower costs. The companies represented are top ISVs who have built XML-based, three-tier Web applications. Recent On Domestic In India! Each brief scenario demonstrates the dissertation sujets solution to a real business problem. Define Metathesis Linguistics! It includes: 1) the specific business problem that was impacting mission-critical processes; 2) the role XML played in the solution; and 3) a discussion of how the problem was solved through the sujets use of specific XML-based tools, with a behind-the-scenes look at exactly how the software components handled a typical user scenario. As of October 5, 1998, nine articles were available. [January 27, 1998] XML Auction Demo from Microsoft.
[January 25, 1998] XML Weather Station Demo - part of XML Online from insideDHTML. University of Oregon Virtual Laboratory, serving HTML from the XML source. Metathesis Linguistics! Behind what you see, there is a Java servlet based on Lark that pumps out dissertation HTML. The applets at this site have been programmed by Sean Russell. [December 13, 1997] James Clark's test suite of files for XML processors. With! The collection of dissertation XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 [now 164] small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. On Domestic Violence! See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltest.zip. Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the sujets Proposed Recommendation of professor writing salary 1997-12-08. OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee (under the OASIS Technical Committe) will be working on an XML Conformance Test Methodology, etc. Contact G. Ken Holman for dissertation sujets, additional information, and see the dedicated entry. For online WF checking via HTML-forms, see above: well-formedness checking of documents by URL and by pasted-up text.
Provided by Tim Bray (Lark, XML.com) and James Clark (XP, WebTechs). XML Conferences, Seminars, Workshops. Since XML is a subset of bachelor with SGML, most 'SGML' and events now prominently feature XML. The Conferences section of the SGML/XML Web Page contains the full entries, often with pointers to conference reports or proceedings volumes. Summary information for special XML events is provided below. XML '99. December 6 - 9, 1999. Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA. XML One - The International Users Conference.
Increasing Your Productivity with XML. Dissertation! May 24 - 27, 1999. Austin Marriott at the Capital, Austin, Texas. XML Europe '99. April 26 - 30, 1999. Granada, Spain. XML/SGML '99 Sweden. Research Proposal! March 16-17, 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. XTech '99.
XML Application Developers Conference XIO Expo March 7 - 11, 1999. San Jose Convention Center, California. Markup Technologies Conference. November 19 - 20, 1998. Chicago, Illinois, USA. . . .technical issues relating to dissertation sujets the design, development, and study, deployment of a variety of markup technologies including but not limited to dissertation sujets SGML, XML, HyTime, and DSSSL. XML '98. November 15 - 18, 1998.
Chicago, Illinois. TAG '98. And Value Support! November 4 - 6, 1998. Washington, D.C. SGML/XML BeLux '98 Conference. Fifth Annual Conference on the Practical Use of dissertation sujets *ML. October 21, 1998 - Antwerp, Belgium. SGML, XML, and Databases.
Tuesday, October 20, 1998. The Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), Russell Square, London. SGML/XML Asia-Pacific '98. October 12 - 15, 1998. Sydney, Australia and Tokyo, Japan. SGML/XML Japan '98. September 30 - October 3, 1998. Nippon Convention Center, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan. XML World Conference and Exposition. September 14 - 17, 1998. Palais des Congrès de Hull, 200 Promenade de Portage, Ottawa/Hull, Québec, Canada.
XML-seminar 98 Göteborg. September 8 - 9, 1998. Bachelor Thesis With! At the Novotel in dissertation, Gothenburg, Sweden. A two-day XML workshop and seminar, sponsored by the Swedish Chapter of the International SGML Users' Group. Seybold San Francisco/Publishing '98. Thesis! August 30 - September 4, 1998. Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, CA. With XML Day. Metastructures 1998 Conference. August 17 - 19, 1998.
Le Sheraton Hotel, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Proposals for the XML-related metastructures, such as XLink, XPointers, Resource Description Format, SMIL, and dissertation sujets, XML-EDI, are welcome. . Study! . SGML/XML Europe '98. From Theory to New Practices. May 17 - 21, 1998. Hotel Sofitel - Forum Rive Gauche, Paris, France. W3C Workshop - Shaping the Future of HTML. May 4 - 5, 1998. San Francisco Airport Hyatt Regency, California. Several position papers address XML, architectural forms, and related matters.
Electronic Publishing '98. The Seventh International Conference on Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation and Typography. April 1 - 4, 1998. Palais des Congrès, Saint Malo, France. Tutorials on SGML, XML, DSSSL, XSL, TEI-SGML. Conference presentations on sujets, SGML. SGML UK.
March 31, 1998. Putting on the Style! - DSSSL, CSS, XSL, . Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon. Metathesis! Slide sets and sample stylesheets (CSS, XSL, DSSSL) are available from sujets, some of the of labor presentations. XML Developers Day within XML: The Conference (1998). Enabling Intelligent Content on the Web. March 23 - 27, 1998. Seattle, Washington.
The 'XML Developers Day' in this conference, chaired by Jon Bosak, is on March 27, 1998. Proposals for XML DevDay should be sent to Jon Bosak, W3C XML WG Chair. See the XML DevDay Call for sujets, Presentations, and the XML Developers' Day, Preliminary Schedule. Seybold Seminars New York / Publishing '98. Event and Exposition, March 16 - 20, 1998. Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York NY. Includes XML Xposed and XML Tutorials. Documation '98 West.
Exposition The Document Software Conference. March 10 - 12, 1998. Santa Clara Convention Center. Santa Clara, California. See the separate document which extracts the and value support relevant listing of sujets XML/XSL sessions. INRIA XML Workshop. The Potential of XML for Web-based Applications. October 23 - 24, 1997.
INRIA Sophia Antipolis, (Nice), France. SGML UK October Meeting: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML). October 23, 1997. Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon, UK. Metathesis Linguistics! Published agenda. Other details in the announcement from Francis Cave (Pira International), to whom inquiries should be directed. Seybold San Francisco '97. September 29 - October 3, 1997. Mosconi Center, San Francisco, CA. Sujets! The conference included an XML tutorial, XML tools survey, and a dedicated XML session, XML: Publishing on the Web Just Got Easier.
SGML Open for Business. September 17, 1997. Teaching Essay! Clarion Hotel, Millbrae, California. [management and implementation information on SGML and XML. ] XML Developers Day. August 21, 1997. Dissertation Sujets! Montreal, Canada. In connection with the teaching questions 1997 International Conference on dissertation, the Application of HyTime.
Note also that Tim Bray will offer an bachelor thesis, XML Tutorial on Sunday and Monday, August 17-18 as part of the HyTime/XML/DSSSL tutorials programme. European Conference on sujets, XML. XML Ready for recent case, Prime Time? London, UK. April 22, 1997. WWW '97: Sixth International World Wide Web Conference. April 7 - 12, 1997. Santa Clara Convention Centre, Santa Clara, California, USA. GCA XML Conference: XML SGML INTRANET. The New Publishing Business Case: XML, SGML, and the Intranet.
March 10 - 12, 1997. The Mission Valley Marriott, San Diego, California. XML: Demos and Miscellaneous Uncategorized. A separate document contains references to sujets XML-related sites or documents for which I have had insufficient time to make investigation, or which are evidently tangential. Purpose And Value! Readers are invited to send email re: appropriate disposition. Some are [or will become] serious applications; others may be interesting demos; others may be clearly experiments and 'just for fun'.
XML: Of (Possible) Historical Interest. A separate document contains references to early draft versions of XML-related proposals, and so forth. 'Early' means about dissertation sujets, 1996-1997. Linguistics! It's not a maintained collection of links, but you might find what you're looking for. . Dissertation! .
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Exemples de sujets de dissertations de Philosophie au Bac ES
The 95 Theses of Martin Luther (1517) Dennis Bratcher, ed. Martin Luther was a German priest whose disillusionment with the abuses of the 16th century Roman Catholic Church sparked the Reformation. He was born in 1483. At the encouragement of his father, he was determined to become a lawyer. However, in 1507 after nearly being struck by lightening, he decided to become a monk. He entered a monastery in dissertation, 1505 and was ordained a priest in 1507. Luther was assigned to teach at the University of Wittenberg in 1508, where he would spend his entire career.
Always an avid student, he earned his doctorate in theology four years later. In 1510 he visited Rome and was appalled by the behavior of define metathesis linguistics, church officials and the sale of indulgences. In Catholic theology, an indulgence is the sujets, remission of the physical and temporal punishment for sins that is case study on domestic in india, endured in Purgatory after death, even though the legal guilt has been pardoned by absolution. In Luther’s era, indulgences were being sold by the Church to raise money for refurbishing the Basilica of St. Dissertation Sujets? Peter in Rome. The slogan attributed to the Dominican friar Johann Tetzel epitomized the sale of indulgences: As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs. (see Thesis 27). In light of bachelor with latex, his discouragement with the dissertation, Church, as Luther studied and lectured on Psalms, Hebrews, and bachelor with, Romans he came to new insights about repentance, salvation, and sujets, the role of metathesis, faith. Especially from his study of Romans, he began to understand that salvation is a gift of God by grace through Christ received by faith alone ( sola fide ). Sujets? He also came to believe that there should be a clear distinction between law, obedience and salvation by research obedience to the will of God by dissertation sujets law, and professor creative writing, gospel, forgiveness of sins and salvation based on the sacrificial death of Jesus. In 1517 Luther, informed by his growing belief that salvation is by faith alone, presented his concerns to Church officials in the form of ninety-five theses, a series of statements that presented a logical argument against dissertation sujets the sale of assistant, indulgences. Dissertation Sujets? An account arose later that he nailed the theses to the door of the castle church at Wittenberg as an act of defiance.
However, as fiery and acerbic as Luther could sometimes be, most historians agree that the account is legendary. Historical research suggests that he sent a letter along with the 95 theses, which included an teaching essay invitation to discuss the issues openly, to Archbishop Albert of Mainz. Luther wrote the sujets, ninety-five thesis with deference to the leadership of the questions, pope. However, he had challenged the authority of the pope to dissertation sujets, offer the sale of indulgences. In a charged political climate, it was seen by some as an attack on the papacy and therefore on the Church. Luther was summoned to Rome to answer charges of heresy. Luther did not respond to the summons, which led to an escalating controversy between Luther and assistant writing, those who defended the absolute authority of the sujets, papacy. Luther continued writing about salvation by faith alone as well as other reforms that he saw needed to occur in the church. As a result, the rift between Luther and those who wanted to defend the authority of the papacy, as well as to protect the lucrative source of income from the sale of indulgences, fueled a growing controversy. Finally in 1520, the pope issued an ultimatum that Luther must recant some of his writings or face condemnation as a heretic.
Luther responded with typical bluntness that the recent study in india, die is cast, that he sought no reconciliation with Rome, and called the decisions of the pope a swamp of heresies. In 1521 he was called before an dissertation sujets Imperial Diet (an official assembly) at Worms, a city in assistant professor salary, southwest Germany, to defend his views and recant. Dissertation Sujets? Luther refused and as a result was excommunicated as a heretic and the Edict of of labor, Worms issued by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the urging of sujets, Church officials banned his writings and in effect called for his execution. Purpose Support Essay? To escape arrest Luther took refuge in Wartburg castle under the sujets, protection of Frederick of Saxony, Luther's sovereign. There he translated the New Testament Bible into German and began working on translating the linguistics, rest of the sujets, Bible, as well as writing numerous articles explaining his theology. Because of ongoing political and religious turmoil in Germany, the Edict of Worms was never enforced. Over the next few years Luther gained in and value support, popularity and since the dissertation sujets, emperor was preoccupied with other concerns, Luther eventually returned to Wittenberg. Teaching? He was instrumental in reforming church worship as well as laying the groundwork for the Reformation, which essentially rejected the authority of the dissertation sujets, Pope and canon law, which is the accumulated body of laws, rules, regulations, and traditional dogmas that governed the practices of the Church. Martin Luther continued working for Church reform until his death on February 18, 1546, at age 63. -Dennis Bratcher. The English translation is adapted from purpose and value support essay Works of Martin Luther , ed. and trans. by Adolph Spaeth, et al. , A. J. Holman Company, 1915, Vol. 1, pp.
29-38. Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the power and efficacy of Indulgences. Out of love for dissertation, the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the thesis, following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and duly appointed Lecturer on these subjects at that place. He requests that those who are unable to sujets, be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 1. Recent Study Violence? Our Lord and dissertation, Master Jesus Christ, when He said Repent, willed that the teaching essay questions, whole life of believers should be repentance. 2. This word cannot be understood to mean the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, which is administered by the priests. 3. Yet it does not mean inward repentance only; for there is no inward repentance that does not produce outwardly various mortifications of the sujets, flesh.
4. The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for recent case study on domestic in india, this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven. 5. The pope has neither the will nor the power to remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by sujets that of canon law. 6. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by assistant professor writing salary God and by assenting to God's remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to his judgment. If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the dissertation, guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. 7. God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to His representative, the priest. 8. The penitential canons apply only to creative salary, the living, and, according to them, none applies to the dead.
9. Dissertation Sujets? Therefore the Holy Spirit acting in the person of the sample research, pope manifests grace to us, because in his [the pope’s] decrees he always excludes the dead and cases of hardship. 10. Ignorant and wicked are the actions of those priests who impose canonical penances on sujets the dead in purgatory. 11. Sample Study? This changing of the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept. 12. In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. 13.
The dying are freed by sujets death from all penalties; they are already dead to sample research study proposal, canonical rules, and have a right to be released from them. 14. The imperfect piety and love of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and the smaller the dissertation sujets, love, the greater is the fear. 15. This fear and horror is sufficient in itself alone (to say nothing of other things) to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is creative salary, very near to dissertation sujets, the horror of despair. 16. There seems to be the same difference between hell, purgatory, and heaven as there are between despair, almost-despair, and essay, the assurance of safety. 17. The horror of dissertation sujets, souls in purgatory should grow less and love ought to increase. 18.
It seems unproven, either by reason or Scripture, that they are outside the state of merit, that is to say, of increasing love. 19. Again, it seems unproven that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own salvation, though we may be quite certain of it. 20. Latex? Therefore by dissertation sujets full remission of all penalties the pope means not actually of all, but only of those imposed by himself. 21. Therefore those preachers of indulgences who say that by the pope's indulgences a man is freed from every penalty and professor writing salary, saved are in error;
22. Indeed he cannot pass on to souls in purgatory any penalty which canon law declares should be paid in dissertation, this life. 23. If it is at all possible to grant to anyone the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is case study on domestic, certain that this remission could be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to dissertation sujets, very few. 24. Therefore it must be the case that the linguistics, greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and highsounding promise of release from penalty. 25. The power which the pope has, in sujets, general, over bachelor thesis with latex purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in sujets, particular, within his own diocese or parish. 26. Metathesis? The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by dissertation the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by way of intercession.
27. Sample? There is sujets, no divine authority for preaching that so soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out research study proposal [of purgatory]. 28. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the dissertation sujets, Church is in research proposal, the power of God alone. 29. Who knows whether all the dissertation sujets, souls in recent on domestic in india, purgatory wish to be bought out of sujets, it, as in the legend of Sts.
Severinus and Paschal.* [*This legend tells of two saints who were willing to remain in sample, torment in dissertation, purgatory to suffer for others.] 30. No one is bachelor with latex, sure that his own contrition is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission. 31. The man who sincerely buys indulgences is as rare as the sujets, man that is truly penitent; that is, such men are most rare. 32. They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon.
33. Men must be on of labor their guard against those who say that the pope's pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to Him; 34. For these graces of pardon concern only the dissertation, penalties of assistant professor, sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man. 35. It is not according to Christian doctrine to dissertation, preach and teach that contrition is not necessary for those who intend to buy souls out of purgatory or to buy confessional licenses. 36. Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. 37. Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in research, all the dissertation sujets, blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is granted him by creative writing God, even without letters of pardon.
38. Dissertation? Nevertheless, the remission and participation [in the blessings of the teaching essay questions, Church] which are granted by the pope are in no way to be despised, for as I have said, they are the declaration of dissertation, divine remission. 39. It is most difficult, even for the very best theologians, to commend to the people the abundance of pardons while at the same time encouraging true contrition. 40. Linguistics? True contrition seeks and loves penalties, but generous pardons only sujets, relax penalties and case study on domestic violence in india, cause them to be hated, or at dissertation least, furnish an and value of labor occasion [for hating them]. 41. Papal pardons should be preached with caution, lest people falsely think they are preferable to other good works of love. 42. Christians should be taught that the pope does not intend the purchase of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy. 43.
Christians should be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons; 44. Because love grows by works of love, and a man becomes a better man; but by pardons he does not grow better, only escapes penalty. 45. Christians should be taught that he who sees a person in need, and dissertation sujets, passes him by, and then purchases pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of purpose, God. 46. Dissertation? Christians should be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep what is necessary for purpose of labor support essay, their own families, and dissertation, should by no means squander it on pardons. 47.
Christians are to be taught that the buying of bachelor, pardons is sujets, a voluntary matter, and essay, not a legal requirement. 48. Christians should be taught that in granting pardons the pope needs and desires their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring. 49. Christians are to be taught that the pope's pardons are useful only if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if they lose their fear of God because of them. 50. Christians should be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. Peter's church be reduced to ashes than be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep.
51. Christians should be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money, even though the dissertation sujets, church of St. Peter might have to be sold, to many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money. 52. The assurance of salvation by study on domestic violence letters of pardon is useless, even though the sujets, commissary, or indeed even though the pope himself, were to stake his soul upon it. 53.
They are enemies of Christ and of the pope, who forbid the Word of research, God to be preached at all in some Churches, in order that pardons may be preached in others. 54. Injury is done the word of dissertation sujets, God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is bachelor thesis latex, spent on pardons than on sujets this word. 55. Bachelor Latex? It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the Gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. 56. The treasures of the Church, out of sujets, which the pope grants indulgences, are not sufficiently spoken of or known among the people of Christ. 57. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not grant such treasures freely, but only collect them.
58. Nor are they the merits of Christ and questions, the Saints, for even without the pope, these always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outward man. 59. St. Lawrence said that the treasures of the Church were the Church's poor, but he used the term in accordance with the custom of dissertation, his own time. 60. Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church are that treasure, given by Christ's merit; 61. For it is clear that the power of the pope is of itself sufficient for the remission of penalties and recent case on domestic, of reserved cases, 62. The true treasure of the Church is the dissertation sujets, Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of God.
63. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the research, first to be last. 64. Dissertation? On the other hand, the treasure of define metathesis linguistics, indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to be first. 65. Therefore the sujets, treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly desired to fish for men of metathesis, wealth. 66. Now, the treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they fish for the wealth of men.
67. Sujets? The indulgences which the essay questions, preachers cry as the greatest graces are in fact truly such only when they promote financial gain. 68. Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the dissertation sujets, grace of God and recent case on domestic in india, the piety of the Cross. 69.
Bishops and dissertation, curates are bound to receive the commissaries of purpose support essay, papal pardons, with all reverence. 70. But they are under greater obligation to watch closely and listen carefully lest these men preach their own imaginings instead of the commission of the pope. 71. He who speaks against dissertation sujets the validity of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and accursed!
72. But he who guards against the lust and license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed! 73. The pope justly thunders against those who, by any means, contrive the injury of the traffic in pardons. 74. But much more does he intend to thunder against those who use the questions, pretext of pardons to contrive the injury of holy love and truth. 75. It is dissertation, folly to think that the papal pardons are so powerful that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an bachelor with latex impossible sin and dissertation sujets, violated the Mother of thesis with, God. 76. We say, on the contrary, that the dissertation sujets, papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned.
77. It is said that even St. Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against St. Professor Writing Salary? Peter and against the pope. 78. We say, on dissertation the contrary, that even the present pope, and any pope at all, has greater graces at his disposal; specifically, the research study, Gospel, powers, gifts of dissertation sujets, healing, etc., as it is written in 1 Corinthians 12. 79. To say that the cross emblazoned with the papal arms, which is set up [by the preachers of indulgences], is of equal worth with the Cross of purpose and value of labor, Christ, is blasphemy.
80. The bishops, curates and theologians who permit such assertions to be spread among the sujets, people will be held accountable for questions, it. 81. This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it difficult even for learned men to defend the respect due the pope from dissertation false accusations, or even from the astute criticisms of the laity; 82. For example: -- Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of define linguistics, holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he can redeem an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial. 83. Again: -- Why do funeral and anniversary masses for the dead continue to be said? Why does the pope not return or permit the dissertation sujets, repayment of the endowments founded on their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for those now redeemed?
84. Again: -- What is this new piety of God and the pope, that for money they allow an impious man who is their enemy to buy out of purgatory the devout soul of metathesis, a friend of God, when they do not allow that pious and beloved soul to be redeemed without payment for pure love's sake or because of sujets, its need of redemption? 85. Again: -- Why are the penitential canon laws long, which in essay questions, actual fact and practice are long obsolete and dead, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in effect? 86. Dissertation Sujets? Again: -- Why does not the and value of labor support essay, pope, whose wealth is today greater than the wealthiest of the wealthy, build just this one church of St. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers? 87. Again: -- What is it that the dissertation sujets, pope dispenses to people, and what participation does he grant, to those who have a right to full remission and participation because of their perfect repentance? 88.
Again: -- What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does only case in india, once, and bestow on every believer these remissions and dissertation, participations? 89. Since the bachelor, pope seeks the dissertation sujets, salvation of souls rather than money by and value essay his pardons, why does he suspend the sujets, indulgences and pardons granted before now, since these have equal efficacy? 90. To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by force alone, and essay questions, not to dissertation sujets, resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the Church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. 91. If, therefore, pardons were preached according to the spirit and mind of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; indeed, they would cease to recent study on domestic in india, exist. 92. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, Peace, peace, where there is no peace! 93.
Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, the cross, the dissertation sujets, cross, where there is on domestic violence in india, no cross! 94. Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell; 95. And thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace. Note: The Latin version is dissertation sujets, here numbered to metathesis linguistics, correspond to the English translation. Disputatio pro Declaratione Virtutis Indulgentiarum. Amore et studio elucidande veritatis hec subscripta disputabuntur Wittenberge, Presidente R. P. Martino Lutther, Artium et S. Theologie Magistro eiusdemque ibidem lectore Ordinario. Quare petit, ut qui non possunt verbis presentes nobiscum disceptare agant id literis absentes. In nomine domini nostri Hiesu Christi. Amen.
1. Dominus et magister noster Iesus Christus dicendo `Penitentiam agite c.' omnem vitam fidelium penitentiam esse voluit. 2. Quod verbum de penitentia sacramentali (id est confessionis et satisfactionis, que sacerdotum ministerio celebratur) non potest intelligi. 3. Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes. 4. Dissertation Sujets? Manet itaque pena, donec manet odium sui (id est penitentia vera intus), scilicet usque ad introitum regni celorum. 5. Papa non vult nec potest ullas penas remittere preter eas, quas arbitrio vel suo vel canonum imposuit. 6. Papa non potest remittere ullam culpam nisi declarando, et approbando remissam a deo Aut certe remittendo casus reservatos sibi, quibus contemptis culpa prorsus remaneret. 7. Teaching Essay? Nulli prorus remittit deus culpam, quin simul eum subiiciat humiliatum in omnibus sacerdoti suo vicario. 8. Dissertation? Canones penitentiales solum viventibus sunt impositi nihilque morituris secundum eosdem debet imponi. 9. Inde bene nobis facit spiritussanctus in papa excipiendo in suis decretis semper articulum mortis et necessitatis. 10. Indocte et male faciunt sacerdotes ii, qui morituris penitentias canonicas in purgatorium reservant.
11. Zizania illa de mutanda pena Canonica in penam purgatorii videntur certe dormientibus episcopis seminata. 12. Olim pene canonice non post, sed ante absolutionem imponebantur tanquam tentamenta vere contritionis. 13. Morituri per assistant creative mortem omnia solvunt et legibus canonum mortui iam sunt, habentes iure earum relaxationem. 14.
Imperfecta sanitas seu charitas morituri necessario secum fert magnum timorem, tantoque maiorem, quanto minor fuerit ipsa. 15. Hic timor et horror satis est se solo (ut alia taceam) facere penam purgatorii, cum sit proximus desperationis horrori. 16. Dissertation? Videntur infernus, purgaturium, celum differre, sicut desperatio, prope desperatio, securitas differunt. 17.
Necessarium videtur animabus in purgatorio sicut minni horrorem ita augeri charitatem. 18. Nec probatum videtur ullis aut rationibus aut scripturis, quod sint extra statum meriti seu augende charitatis. 19. Nec hoc probatum esse videtur, quod sint de sua beatitudine certe et secure, saltem omnes, licet nos certissimi simus. Purpose Support? 20. Igitur papa per remissionem plenariam omnium penarum non simpliciter omnium intelligit, sed a seipso tantummodo impositarum. 21. Errant itaque indulgentiarum predicatores ii, qui dicunt per pape indulgentias hominem ab omni pena solvi et salvari. 22. Quin nullam remittit animabus in purgatorio, quam in hac vita debuissent secundum Canones solvere.
23. Si remissio ulla omnium omnino penarum potest alicui dari, certum est eam non nisi perfectissimis, i.e. paucissimis, dari. 24. Sujets? Falli ob id necesse est maiorem partem populi per indifferentem illam et magnificam pene solute promissionem. 25. Qualem potestatem habet papa in purgatorium generaliter, talem habet quilibet Episcopus et Curatus in sua diocesi et parochia specialiter. 26.
Optime facit papa, quod non potestate clavis (quam nullam habet) sed per modum suffragii dat animabus remissionem. 27. With Latex? Hominem predicant, qui statim ut iactus nummus in cistam tinnierit evolare dicunt animam. 28. Certum est, nummo in cistam tinniente augeri questum et avariciam posse: suffragium autem ecclesie est in arbitrio dei solius. 29.
Quis scit, si omnes anime in purgatorio velint redimi, sicut de s. Severino et Paschali factum narratur. 30. Nullus securus est de veritate sue contritionis, multominus de consecutione plenarie remissionis. 31. Sujets? Quam rarus est vere penitens, tam rarus est vere indulgentias redimens, i. e. Case On Domestic Violence? rarissimus. 32.
Damnabuntur ineternum cum suis magistris, qui per literas veniarum securos sese credunt de sua salute. 33. Cavendi sunt nimis, qui dicunt venias illas Pape donum esse illud dei inestimabile, quo reconciliatur homo deo. 34. Sujets? Gratie enim ille veniales tantum respiciunt penas satisfactionis sacramentalis ab homine constitutas. 35. Non christiana predicant, qui docent, quod redempturis animas vel confessionalia non sit necessaria contritio. 36.
Quilibet christianus vere compunctus habet remissionem plenariam a pena et culpa etiam sine literis veniarum sibi debitam. 37. Quilibet versus christianus, sive vivus sive mortuus, habet participationem omnium bonorum Christi et Ecclesie etiam sine literis veniarum a deo sibi datam. 38. Assistant Creative? Remissio tamen et participatio Pape nullo modo est contemnenda, quia (ut dixi) est declaratio remissionis divine. 39. Difficillimum est etiam doctissimis Theologis simul extollere veniarum largitatem et contritionis veritatem coram populo. 40. Dissertation Sujets? Contritionis veritas penas querit et amat, Veniarum autem largitas relaxat et odisse facit, saltem occasione.
41. Caute sunt venie apostolice predicande, ne populus false intelligat eas preferri ceteris bonis operibus charitatis. 42. Bachelor Thesis With Latex? Docendi sunt christiani, quod Pape mens non est, redemptionem veniarum ulla ex parte comparandam esse operibus misericordie. 43. Docendi sunt christiani, quod dans pauperi aut mutuans egenti melius facit quam si venias redimereet. 44. Quia per dissertation sujets opus charitatis crescit charitas et fit homo melior, sed per venias non fit melior sed tantummodo a pena liberior. 45. Docendi sunt christiani, quod, qui videt egenum et neglecto eo dat pro veniis, non idulgentias Pape sed indignationem dei sibi vendicat. 46.
Docendi sunt christiani, quod nisi superfluis abundent necessaria tenentur domui sue retinere et nequaquam propter venias effundere. 47. Docendi sunt christiani, quod redemptio veniarum est libera, non precepta. 48. Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut magis eget ita magis optat in veniis dandis pro se devotam orationem quam promptam pecuniam. 49.
Docendi sunt christiani, quod venie Pape sunt utiles, si non in cas confidant, Sed nocentissime, si timorem dei per essay eas amittant. 50. Docendi sunt christiani, quod si Papa nosset exactiones venialium predicatorum, mallet Basilicam s. Petri in cineres ire quam edificari cute, carne et ossibus ovium suarum. 51. Sujets? Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut debet ita vellet, etiam vendita (si opus sit) Basilicam s. Purpose? Petri, de suis pecuniis dare illis, a quorum plurimis quidam concionatores veniarum pecuniam eliciunt. 52. Vana est fiducia salutis per literas veniarum, etiam si Commissarius, immo Papa ipse suam animam pro illis impigneraret. 53. Hostes Christi et Pape sunt ii, qui propter venias predicandas verbum dei in dissertation sujets, aliis ecclesiis penitus silere iubent.
54. Iniuria fit verbo dei, dum in eodem sermone equale vel longius tempus impenditur veniis quam illi. 55. Bachelor Thesis With Latex? Mens Pape necessario est, quod, si venie (quod minimum est) una campana, unis pompis et ceremoniis celebrantur, Euangelium (quod maximum est) centum campanis, centum pompis, centum ceremoniis predicetur. 56. Thesauri ecclesie, unde Pape dat indulgentias, neque satis nominati sunt neque cogniti apud populum Christi. 57. Temporales certe non esse patet, quod non tam facile eos profundunt, sed tantummodo colligunt multi concionatorum. 58. Dissertation Sujets? Nec sunt merita Christi et sanctorum, quia hec semper sine Papa operantur gratiam hominis interioris et crucem, mortem infernumque exterioris. 59.
Thesauros ecclesie s. Laurentius dixit esse pauperes ecclesie, sed locutus est usu vocabuli suo tempore. 60. Sine temeritate dicimus claves ecclesie (merito Christi donatas) esse thesaurum istum. 61. Clarum est enim, quod ad remissionem penarum et casuum sola sufficit potestas Pape.
62. Verus thesaurus ecclesie est sacrosanctum euangelium glorie et gratie dei. 63. And Value Essay? Hic autem est merito odiosissimus, quia ex primis facit novissimos. 64.
Thesaurus autem indulgentiarum merito est gratissimus, quia ex novissimis facit primos. 65. Igitur thesauri Euangelici rhetia sunt, quibus olim piscabantur viros divitiarum. 66. Thesauri indulgentiarum rhetia sunt, quibus nunc piscantur divitias virorum.
67. Indulgentie, quas concionatores vociferantur maximas gratias, intelliguntur vere tales quoad questum promovendum. 68. Sunt tamen re vera minime ad gratiam dei et crucis pietatem comparate. 69.
Tenentur Episcopi et Curati veniarum apostolicarum Commissarios cum omni reverentia admittere. 70. Sed magis tenentur omnibus oculis intendere, omnibus auribus advertere, ne pro commissione Pape sua illi somnia predicent. 71. Dissertation Sujets? Contra veniarum apostolicarum veritatem qui loquitur, sit ille anathema et maledictus. 72.
Qui vero, contra libidinem ac licentiam verborum Concionatoris veniarum curam agit, sit ille benedictus. 73. Sicut Papa iuste fulminat eos, qui in fraudem negocii veniarum quacunque arte machinantur, 74. Multomagnis fulminare intendit eos, qui per veniarum pretextum in fraudem sancte charitatis et veritatis machinantur, 75. Opinari venias papales tantas esse, ut solvere possint hominem, etiam si quis per impossibile dei genitricem violasset, Est insanire. 76.
Dicimus contra, quod venie papales nec minimum venialium peccatorum tollere possint quo ad culpam. 77. Quod dicitur, nec si s. Petrus modo Papa esset maiores gratias donare posset, est blasphemia in sanctum Petrum et Papam. 78. Dicimus contra, quod etiam iste et quilibet papa maiores habet, scilicet Euangelium, virtutes, gratias, curationum c. ut 1. Define Metathesis Linguistics? Co.
XII. 79. Dicere, Crucem armis papalibus insigniter erectam cruci Christi equivalere, blasphemia est. 80. Rationem reddent Episcopi, Curati et Theologi, Qui tales sermones in populum licere sinunt. 81.
Facit hec licentiosa veniarum predicatio, ut nec reverentiam Pape facile sit etiam doctis viris redimere a calumniis aut certe argutis questionibus laicorm. 82. Scilicet. Cur Papa non evacuat purgatorium propter sanctissimam charitatem et summam animarum necessitatem ut causam omnium iustissimam, Si infinitas animas redimit propter pecuniam funestissimam ad structuram Basilice ut causam levissimam? 83. Item. Cur permanent exequie et anniversaria defunctorum et non reddit aut recipi permittit beneficia pro illis instituta, cum iam sit iniuria pro redemptis orare? 84. Item. Que illa nova pietas Dei et Pape, quod impio et inimico propter pecuniam concedunt animam piam et amicam dei redimere, Et tamen propter necessitatem ipsius met pie et dilecte anime non redimunt eam gratuita charitate?
85. Item. Sujets? Cur Canones penitentiales re ipsa et non usu iam diu in semet abrogati et mortui adhuc tamen pecuniis redimuntur per concessionem indulgentiarum tanquam vivacissimi? 86. Item. Define? Cur Papa, cuius opes hodie sunt opulentissimis Crassis crassiores, non de suis pecuniis magis quam pauperum fidelium struit unam tantummodo Basilicam sancti Petri? 87.
Item. Quid remittit aut participat Papa iis, qui per contritionem perfectam ius habent plenarie remissionis et participationis? 88. Item. Quid adderetur ecclesie boni maioris, Si Papa, sicut semel facit, ita centies in die cuilibet fidelium has remissiones et participationes tribueret? 89. Ex quo Papa salutem querit animarum per venias magis quam pecunias, Cur suspendit literas et venias iam olim concessas, cum sint eque efficaces? 90.
Hec scrupulosissima laicorum argumenta sola potestate compescere nec reddita ratione diluere, Est ecclesiam et Papam hostibus ridendos exponere et infelices christianos facere. 91. Si ergo venie secundum spiritum et mentem Pape predicarentur, facile illa omnia solverentur, immo non essent. 92. Valeant itaque omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi ' Pax pax,' et non est pax. 93. Bene agant omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi ' Crux crux,' et non est crux. 94.
Exhortandi sunt Christiani, ut caput suum Christum per penas, mortes infernosque sequi studeant, 95. Ac sic magis per sujets multas tribulationes intrare celum quam per securitatem pacis confidant. - Dennis Bratcher , ed. Copyright 2013 , Dennis Bratcher, All Rights Reserved.
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Mieux crire en Franais: Manuel de Composition Et Guide Pratique
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and sujets Tips. The SAT Essay is scored separately from the rest of the SAT now, thanks to the changes that went into effect in March 2016. While the essay is now optional (you don't automatically have to take it every time you take the SAT), some colleges still require students to submit SAT essay scores with their applications. Learning how to consistently write a perfect SAT essay will be a huge boost to your application to these schools. In this article, we'll discuss what it takes to get a perfect 8/8/8 on the SAT essay and what you need to do to train yourself to purpose and value support get this top score. If you’re reading this, we’re assuming that you already have a basic understanding of the SAT essay. You know the standard format of how you should write an essay – introduction, evidence paragraph 1, evidence paragraph 2, (optional) evidence paragraph 3, conclusion. You know that you should state your thesis in the introduction. All of this will get you a 5/8 as long as you develop your points enough. If you aren’t fully aware of this, take a spin through our 15 SAT Essay tips to raise your essay score. But how do you push your essay to the next level?
That’s what this article is about. feature image credit: NEW YORK 1970'S TRAILER PLATE 888-883 by Jerry Woody, used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped from original. You’ll have to practice this. The perfect SAT essay is like a puzzle that happens to be in written form – it can be mastered, but to do it well and completely every time requires practice with a lot of sample topics. You need to learn the format of an dissertation effective essay and how to fill out a complete essay within 50 minutes. Support Essay! What an SAT Essay Score of 8 Means. Sujets! If you’re already scoring a 5 or above in all three areas on practice (or real) SAT essays, you have a shot at completely nailing what the graders want, represented by a score of 8/8/8, with a little practice. But there’s something important to remember in your question for perfection: on the SAT essay, an 8 in assistant professor creative writing salary, all categories is not always achievable. We’ve got good news and dissertation sujets bad news for those of you who are determined to score an 8/8/8 on the SAT essay. Define Metathesis! Good News and dissertation sujets Bad News by metathesis linguistics Mike Licht, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original. Because the whole essay task (reading, analyzing, planning, and dissertation sujets writing) must be completed in 50 minutes, getting an 8 in Reading, Analysis, and Writing requires some luck.
You have to read the article and analyze the way the case study violence, author builds her/his argument, pick out the most important components to the argument, find evidence to support your interpretation, and plan out your essay before you can even start writing. A lot depends on how quickly you can come up with a thesis and relevant support for whatever the prompt happens to dissertation sujets be – you might find some articles easier to read and analyze the purpose and value support essay, argumentative structure of than others. You'll need to use precise language to show mastery of dissertation sujets, English writing. And because essays with perfect scores are almost always at least two pages long, you don't have any time to spare . Recent Study Violence! If you fumble on sujets any one of these aspects, the grader might not give your SAT essay an 8/8/8. Recent Study On Domestic Violence In India! Because the essay is so formulaic, it's always possible to dissertation sujets get a reliable 6 across the proposal, board . Sometimes you might find the author's argument to analyze harder than others, or sometimes you might find the article more difficult to get through, but you will always be able to impress them enough to dissertation get a 6/6/6.
No college worth its salt is going to base your college admissions decision on getting those last two points on an essay you had 50 minutes to write (especially when the essay is optional). The goal, really, is to show that you can write a decent essay in that time, and a 6/6/6 shows that just as well as an 8/8/8 does. But you should aim as high as you can, so keep reading to find out what it really takes to bachelor get a perfect score on the SAT essay. The Difference Between a 6 and an 8. If we asked the College Board what the difference is between a 6 and an 8 SAT essay, they would direct us to their scoring criteria below that describes the dissertation, difference between the 3 and 4 essays scores in Reading, Analysis, and Writing (a total score of creative writing, 8 comes from dissertation, two readers separately giving your essay a 4 in each of those three areas). We’ve marked the differences between the teaching essay, 3 and 4 criteria in bold.
The response demonstrates effective comprehension of the source text. The response shows an understanding of the text’s central idea(s) and important details. Sujets! The response is free of purpose, substantive errors of dissertation sujets, fact and interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes appropriate use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating an understanding of the source text. The response demonstrates thorough comprehension of the study, source text. The response shows an understanding of the text’s central idea(s) and of most important details and how they interrelate, demonstrating a comprehensive understanding of the dissertation, text. The response is free of errors of fact or interpretation with regard to the text.
The response makes skillful use of recent case in india, textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating a complete understanding of the source text. A 3 essay demonstrates your understanding of the text’s central ideas, while a 4 essay also shows that you know what the details and examples in the text are and dissertation how they relate to the central idea . The response offers an effective analysis of the source text and demonstrates an professor writing understanding of the analytical task. The response competently evaluates the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the dissertation, student’s own choosing. The response contains relevant and define sufficient support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses primarily on dissertation sujets those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task. Thesis With Latex! The response offers an insightful analysis of the dissertation sujets, source text and demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the analytical task. The response offers a thorough, well-considered evaluation of the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s own choosing. The response contains relevant, sufficient, and strategically chosen support for research claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses consistently on sujets those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task. The 4 essay delves into the structure of the author’s argument more deeply.
The writer not only states the bachelor, techniques used in the text, but also thoroughly explains their impact on the reader. These explanations are backed up with evidence from the dissertation sujets, text that enhances the writer’s discussion of the structure of the text. The response is mostly cohesive and demonstrates effective use and recent study violence control of language. The response includes a central claim or implicit controlling idea. The response includes an effective introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a clear progression of ideas both within paragraphs and dissertation sujets throughout the essay. The response has variety in sentence structures. Essay! The response demonstrates some precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone.
The response shows a good control of the conventions of standard written English and dissertation sujets is free of significant errors that detract from the metathesis linguistics, quality of writing. Sujets! The response is cohesive and demonstrates a highly effective use and recent study violence in india command of dissertation, language. The response includes a precise central claim. The response includes a skillful introduction and define metathesis linguistics conclusion. The response demonstrates a deliberate and highly effective progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a strong command of the conventions of standard written English and dissertation is free or virtually free of errors . The 4 essay is metathesis linguistics, written extremely well , whereas the 3 essay is written fairly well. In addition, the dissertation sujets, 4 essay is organized in a way that positively influences the impact of the writer’s argument, while the 3 is just organized clearly.
Let’s condense the information above. A perfect 4 essay : is extremely clear is bachelor with latex, consistent, smooth, and dissertation sujets easy to read has few errors is not repetitive in content or language is sufficiently detailed (using evidence from the text) to fully support the writer’s thesis demonstrates that you understand the assistant professor writing, text and the author’s claim(s) In other words, you need to excel in every one of dissertation, these aspects to get a perfect score. Now we’ll look at a sample 8/8/8 SAT essay, and make note of how it fits the criteria above. The prompt (taken from The Official SAT Study Guide ) for the sample essay is as follows: Write an bachelor with latex essay in which you explain how Peter S. Goodman builds an sujets argument to persuade his audience that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to people in the United States. In your essay, analyze how Goodman uses one or more of the study, features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and dissertation persuasiveness of his argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on research study proposal the most relevant features of the passage. The passage to which this prompt refers appears on pp.
183-185 of The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , or on slightly different pages in later editions. You'll need the passage to follow along with the sujets, sample essay below. Here’s the professor salary, essay. Read it first, and we’ll have annotations below. In the article “Foreign News at a Crisis Point,” Peter S. Goodman eloquently argues the ‘point’ that news organizations should increase the amount of dissertation sujets, professional foreign news coverage provided to people in the United States.
Goodman builds his argument by assistant professor writing salary using facts and evidence, addressing the counterarguments, and couching it all in persuasive and compelling language. Goodman begins the article by bombarding the reader with facts and sujets statistics. He states that, according to a census conducted by the American Journalism Review, the number of full-time foreign news correspondents in the United States dropped from 307 in 2003 to 234 in 2011. In addition, the AJR survey also discovered that “the space devoted to recent study on domestic violence in india foreign news [in American papers] had shrunk by 53 percent” in the last 25 years. Beginning the dissertation, article with all of these facts and purpose and value figures has a couple of strengtheing effects on sujets Goodman’s argument. First, by starting out with hard evidence, Goodman lays the groundwork of his own credibility.
He’s not just writing an opinion piece – his opinion is backed by the truth. This will bring the readers onboard and make them more likely to trust everything else he says. Second, because Goodman presents these facts without much explaining/interpreting, the reader is research proposal, forced to do the math herself. Dissertation Sujets! This engaging of the reader’s mind also ensures that Goodman has the reader’s attention. Study Proposal! When the reader does the math to find a drop of dissertation sujets, 73 full-time foreign news correspondents employed by US papers in just 8 short years, she will find herself predisposed to agree with Goodman’s call for more professional foreign news reporting. In addition to employing facts to his argument’s advantage, Goodman also cunningly discusses the counterargument to research proposal his position. By writing about how social media and man-on-the-ground reporting has had some positive impact on the state of foreign news reporting, Goodman heads off naysayers at the pass. It would have been very easy for Goodman to dissertation elide over the whole issue of linguistics, citizen reporting, but the resultant one-sided argument would have been much less convincing. Instead, Goodman acknowledges things like “the force of social media during the sujets, Arab Spring, as activists convened and reacted to changing circumstances.” As a result, when he partially refutes this counterargument, stating the “unease” many longtime profession correspondents feel over the trend of ‘citizen journalism’ feel, the reader is much more likely to believe him. Study Proposal! After all, Goodman acknowledges that social media does have some power.
Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined, in turn, to dissertation take Goodman’s concern about the case on domestic violence, limits of social media seriously. The final piece that helps bolster Goodman’s argument that US news organizations should have more professional foreign correspondents is Goodman’s linguistic + stylistic choices. Goodman uses contrasts to draw the reader deeper into his mindset. By setting up the contrast between professional reporters as “informational filters” that discriminate good from bad and amateur, man-on-the-spot reporters as undiscriminating “funnels,” Goodman forces the reader to sujets view the two in opposition and admit that professional filters are to be preferred over funnels that add “speculatio, propaganda, and other white noise” to recent study in india their reporting. In addition, Goodman drives the reader along toward agreeing with his conclusion in the penultimate paragraph of the article with the dissertation sujets, repetition of the phrase “We need.” With every repetition, Goodman hammers even further home the inescapable rightness of his argument. The use of “We” more generally through the recent case on domestic, article serves to sujets make the readers feel sympathetic towards Goodman and identify with him. By employing the rhetorical techniques of presenting facts, acknowledging the other side, and and value using persuasive language, Goodman convinces the dissertation sujets, reader of his claim. Here are our notes on what stands out in this essay (general comments are in purple, spelling/grammar errors are highlighted in yellow): Note that not every 8/8/8 essay needs to have exactly the same items in here, nor do you need to argue in exactly the same way. But the elements in this essay make it a standout and demonstrate clear mastery. And now for bachelor thesis with latex the million-dollar question: What Makes This SAT Essay an 8 Rather Than a 6? Maybe you get the theory behind what makes an essay an 8/8/8, but what about in practice?
Read on to find out what distinguishes this particular SAT essay as a perfect 8 in Reading, Analysis, and Writing. SAT graders are big on clarity, and clarity requires precise language and obvious, sound logic. In this essay, vivid language is used effectively and appropriately: Goodman is described as bombarding the reader with facts and figures The writer describes Goodman as arguing his point using not just language but persuasive and compelling language : The effect of Goodman’s argument is sujets, not just that it convinces the reader, but that the reader…will find herself predisposed to agree with Goodman’s call for more professional foreign news reporting. All of linguistics, this clear and precise language helps support and explain the author's point (just as Goodman’s language supports his point in the text!) Effective Analysis and Organization. The writer's clarity extends to her logic as well. Sufficient background is given to make it clear the writer read and understood the text. The examples used are clear and logically connected within paragraphs. The writer also makes sure to identify the what/why/what of the author's argumentative devices: What are the dissertation, techniques the author used to persuade the reader of his claim? Why did the recent study on domestic, author use them? What effect does their use have on the reader? The organization of the dissertation sujets, essay follows the organization set out in the introduction: the writer first discusses facts and evidence, then the presentation and refutation of a counterargument, then compelling language.
Organization in the essay is aided by transitions between all paragraphs, which create a smooth, consistent argument that is easy to follow. The clarity of the argument and the lack of teaching essay, errors remain consistent from start to finish. The highlighted errors are few and do not detract or distract from the meaning of the essay. The wording of the dissertation, thesis statement in the introduction and metathesis the conclusion is similar but not identical, and the description of how Goodman builds his argument is the same. Dos piezas by Raul Hernandez Gonzalez, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original. The author uses a variety of words (marked in blue) and sentence structures to dissertation sujets convey similar ideas in different ways throughout the essay. Assistant Professor Creative Writing Salary! For instance, social media , man-on-the-ground (or man-on-the-spot ) reporting , citizen journalism , and amateur reporting are all different words and phrases used to describe the same phenomenon of dissertation sujets, non-professional foreign news correspondents.
Another example of metathesis linguistics, this can be found in Paragraph 4. “Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined…” could easily be the dissertation sujets, simpler “Goodman takes the power of social media seriously, which makes the reader more likely to agree…” This kind of linguistic flourish can be found in most top-scoring SAT Essays. Note that this usage is effective, and SAT vocab words aren't thrown into the essay haphazardly - it's clear, effective writing like what you might read in the New York Times. The essay is long enough to detail 3 complex examples (discussing Goodman’s use of facts and evidence, a counterargument, and vivid language) and include introductory and metathesis linguistics concluding paragraphs. With the updates to sujets the essay rubric, College Board made it explicit that your essay should have an introduction and conclusion. In The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , they also make it clear that shorter essays will receive lower Writing scores (because if you don't write more than a couple of paragraphs, there's not enough writing by which essay graders can accurately judge your writing abilities). But length means nothing if there isn't valuable information filling the space, so long SAT essays also need to be detailed—this author uses the space to give lots of context for her examples. Dos and Don’ts for an 8/8/8 SAT Essay. The key for a perfect score on the SAT essay is to define use your time wisely and stay focused on the task. Dissertation Sujets! To help you do this, we've compiled tips for things to purpose of labor support do (and things to avoid). Writing as much as you can without including repetitive or irrelevant information.
Revising the first and last paragraphs (they stand out in readers’ minds). Making sure you have effective transitions for dissertation sujets a seamless essay. Research Study! Explaining the persuasive effect the author’s argumentative techniques have on the reader. Thinking of sujets, “smart-sounding evidence – analysis of how the author used a personal anecdote is just as viable as a discussion of the author’s use of study proposal, logos and other rhetorical strategies. Trying to correct every single error – the grammar and dissertation the spelling do not have to be perfect to score an 8 in Writing. This doesn't mean that you should just leave sentence fragments all over the place, but it does mean that accidentally leaving off the study violence in india, last letter of a word or making a small subject/verb agreement error won't be the end of the world (or of your perfect SAT essay score). Spend the extra time trying to write more and develop your points.
Adding as many vocabulary words as you can – you do need some stylistic flourishes, as noted above, but you shouldn’t overdo it, or your writing will sound clunky. How to Train to Improve Your SAT Essay Score. As I mentioned above, most anyone can train to reliably get a 6 on dissertation sujets all sections of the recent case in india, essay, and many can move beyond that to consistently get 8/6/6, 6/6/8, or 8/8/8. Here’s a framework for how to sujets do this: Read through our complete list of SAT essay prompts Memorize a list of persuasive techniques that you can find in most essay prompt articles Start by practicing with extended length time (80 minutes) so you can feel what it takes to get a top-scoring essay. If you’re struggling, you can also split up the different parts of the essay task for recent on domestic in india practice. For instance, you can practice reading and dissertation analyzing articles separately from writing the essay.
Find a way to grade your essay. If you can be objective about your writing , you can notice weak spots, especially if you ran out of time but know what to do (and it'll be good practice for analyzing the passage on the essay!). Otherwise, try to get help from an English teacher or a friend who’s a better writer. Thesis With! Start narrowing the time down to 50 minutes to mirror the actual test. Looking for a great way to prep?
Check out PrepScholar's online prep program. It customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses so you get the sujets, most effective prep possible. Define! Even better, we give detailed essay feedback from a leading SAT instructor. You'll get point-by-point comments on where you're falling short, and how to improve your weak spots to jump up in SAT essay score. Click below to sign up for our 5-day free trial. Sujets! Have friends who also need help with test prep?
Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on teaching how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on dissertation social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to metathesis linguistics Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section:
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Exemples de sujets de dissertations de Philosophie au Bac ES
How to Write Better Essays: 6 Practical Tips. The best students enjoy writing essays because they’re a chance to shine; they’re an sujets, interesting intellectual exercise in which the writer must craft thoughtful arguments on complex topics within the confines of sample proposal, a prescribed and often restrictive word count. For many such students, each essay brings with it the challenge of making it that little bit better than the last one. The problem is that when you write essays regularly, it’s easy to get stuck in a rut of repeating the sujets, same formula each time – particularly when you already receive good feedback from the teachers who read them. So how do you take your essays to the next level and go from great to brilliant? Here are some practical tips and techniques that will help you write consistently impressive essays. Offer to share your essays with other people and they may return the favour. Even better: start a study group. Just as the recent study on domestic violence, books you read subconsciously help mould your own writing style, so reading other people’s essays can help you develop and dissertation, build on purpose and value essay your own essay-writing style. Try to dissertation read a range of other essays, including those of your peers and of academics. Read essays on a wide variety of subjects, not necessarily just those that you’re studying; different disciplines might apply different kinds of arguments or styles, so the wider you read, the more possible techniques there are for research study, you to pick up and dissertation, use in thesis with latex, essays of your own.
As you read other people’s essays, don’t just take them at face value. Be critical: what do you like about them? What don’t you like about them? How persuasive do you think they are? Is the argument a balanced one, with points adequately supported with evidence? Has the writer used any techniques you’ve not seen before? Another good source of sujets, essays is the broadsheet newspapers. Read the opinion pieces and dissect how the case in india, writer has supported their points with evidence, and again, be critical; note where they’ve left things out to try to persuade you to a particular opinion. Essays should be balanced, so you can learn from the best of these writers and pick up some techniques to help you shape a balanced piece.
2. Build your vocabulary and use it properly. Make use of dictionaries and thesauri. A good vocabulary will allow you to express exactly what you mean, as clearly and sujets, concisely as possible. Economy with words is a characteristic of all good essays, because readers (and essay-markers) don’t like having their time wasted with long, rambling points that could have been expressed in half the questions, number of words. One way of ensuring that you can communicate clearly and to dissertation the point is through accurate and effective use of study, advanced vocabulary. A good essay writer should never rest on their laurels when it comes to vocabulary; it’s something you should be working on continually, as there are always new words to learn that could help convey a point more effectively.
What’s more, deploying a good vocabulary displays intelligence and allows you to be more persuasive in your essay-writing. Here are some ways in which you can build your vocabulary: – Subscribe to a ‘word a day’ email (such as this one from sujets, Merriam-Webster). Create a folder in your email account for new word emails, so that you can file each email away and define metathesis linguistics, have them all in one place ready to flick through and learn from in an idle moment. – Read widely, and refer to dissertation sujets a dictionary for words you don’t know as you go along; this way, you’ll learn the new word as well as seeing it in context so you know how to use it properly. Read different genres of fiction, and teaching questions, non-fiction covering a range of topics, and dissertation, you’ll have the teaching, added bonus of widening your general knowledge as well as your vocabulary. – Use a thesaurus – if you find yourself using the same words over and over again, add variety to dissertation your language by looking up those words in a thesaurus and teaching essay, finding other words that mean the same thing. A word of warning: words you find in a thesaurus can’t always be used interchangeably; even words with similar meanings can differ subtly in a way that makes them inappropriate in dissertation sujets, certain contexts, so find examples of a word used correctly before you use a new word for recent case study in india, the first time. – Learn prefixes, suffixes and roots – it sounds boring, but this shortcut will help you learn a great many more words. Many roots come from Latin and Greek words, such as “bene” in Latin, meaning “good”, which gives rise to dissertation sujets words such as “benefactor”, “benevolent” and “benefit”. It’s often possible to purpose of labor essay deduce the dissertation, meaning of a new word if you know its root and read it in metathesis, context. Prefixes are added to the beginning of a word to change the meaning, such as “semi” or “ante”, while suffixes are added to the end, such as “-able” or “-ance”.
– Start a vocabulary book – you probably have one if you’re learning a foreign language, so why not have one for your native language as well? Buy yourself a nice notepad and use it to sujets collect new words and essay questions, their meanings. The act of writing down the definition will help you remember it, and sujets, you could include an example of how the word is used to essay increase your chances of memorising it for use in essays. It may help to have different sections for words on particular themes; you could have a general section, and then further parts of the notebook could be dedicated to words of use in history essays, science essays and so on. The aim of dissertation sujets, improving your vocabulary is to increase precision and reduce waffle. Put the new words you’ve learned to good use right away, perhaps setting yourself the challenge of including a minimum number of new ones in each essay you write. This will help consolidate your knowledge at the same time as impressing the recent case, reader. One important thing to remember, though: don’t use big words just for the sake of it. Using a long, obscure word when a simpler one would suffice risks making you sound pompous, which may have the opposite effect to the one intended. What’s more, be wary of dissertation sujets, adding words for the sake of it; cut the waffle by questions reviewing each sentence and removing any words or sentences that don’t add anything to dissertation sujets what you’re saying. Ultimately, your goal should be to study on domestic make your writing as clear and easy-to-understand as possible, so that it is a pleasure to dissertation read.
3. Words to help develop an sample research proposal, argument. Part of dissertation sujets, sounding intelligent in an essay is bachelor thesis with latex, not repeating yourself; as you’re writing, focus on using language effectively to help build an argument and dissertation, create a sense of structure. To that end, avoid using the same words every time; many people overuse the metathesis linguistics, word “also”, for example. Vary your language, and use words such as “moreover”, “furthermore” and “however”. Such words help develop your argument and make the reader feel they are being guided through the problems on a sort of ‘journey’ to your conclusion. Would you be able to summarise your essay between floors?
We’ve probably all had it hammered into us that we should write an essay plan before we start writing, but before you even do that, you need to know what the argument you’re going to dissertation sujets make actually is. Only then can you start writing the structure for an essay that builds up to your overall conclusion. To condense what you’re trying to say into teaching questions a short, snappy summary for you to work from, try making an ‘Elevator Pitch’ style summary of what you intend to write and why readers should be interested in dissertation, it. The Elevator Pitch is a technique used by salespeople when condensing the arguments for purpose of labor essay, buying a product into the shortest possible summary of why a customer should consider a purchase. The salesperson is told to imagine themselves in a lift; in the time it takes for that lift to reach the desired floor, they should have given a compelling argument in favour of that product that would result in the customer buying it, or at least wanting to know more. Your Elevator Pitch for your essay should sell the idea of it to a reader, leaving them wanting to sujets read the essay in question. Linguistics? This is quite a tough exercise, as it forces you to be ruthlessly concise in your thinking and choice of words; but you can use this summary to help you write your introduction, and dissertation, it’ll help you achieve clarity in what you’re trying to say.
5. Tell the reader what other people say. Be aware of who the foremost writers on a subject are, even if you decide not to reference them. For instance, anyone studying Beowulf should be aware of JRR Tolkien’s essay, ‘The Monsters and the Critics.’ We’ve mentioned this on a previous article on essay writing, but it seems pertinent to bachelor thesis with latex mention it here too. Essays are a chance for you to show off how widely read you are, so make sure you quote other people’s opinions, and original sources, on what you’re writing about. For example, if you were to dissertation write a history essay on early religious practices in Britain, you could quote original texts on that topic (such as Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People ) and also mention what a range of modern scholars have to say about the topic. Contrasting views should be sought; it’s unlikely that everyone agrees on the topic, so show you’ve looked at define all the possible angles.
For each of the subjects you’re studying, start a page in a notebook for important people in dissertation, that field, with a summary of when they lived and what their views are. Study? That way, you’ll have something to refer to dissertation when you’re writing an essay and metathesis linguistics, want to consult appropriate scholars or other writers whose opinions you might wish to include. Don’t quote too much; mix citations with your own opinions so that it doesn’t look as though you have to hide behind other people’s words. It’s fine to disagree with a scholar you quote, provided you can give evidence and reasoning for doing so. Sujets? This shows that you have thought about essay questions, it and made your own mind up, rather than blindly accepting what that scholar has said; this demonstrates strong critical reasoning skills, one of the hallmarks of brilliant students. 6. Dissertation Sujets? Syntax, punctuation and tone of voice. Be honest: do you find your tone of voice interesting?
You may not consciously realise it when you’re reading, but sophisticated sentence structures make the world of difference to proposal how intelligent you sound. Dissertation Sujets? As we’ve already said, the most important consideration when you’re writing is making yourself easy for recent case study on domestic violence in india, readers to dissertation understand; but you can still do this and recent study on domestic in india, utilise a range of interesting syntax at the same time. Employ a variety of sentence structures, long and short, but don’t let your sentences become too long and rambling, or they become difficult to read. Effective punctuation is vital in conveying your arguments persuasively; the last thing a teacher or lecturer wants to dissertation sujets read is an essay riddled with poor grammar. What’s more, the reader shouldn’t have to metathesis linguistics read a sentence more than once to understand it. You probably already have a tone of voice you use for writing essays, but is it interesting and engaging? Read through some of dissertation sujets, your old essays and and value essay, ask yourself honestly whether you find them absorbing. If they’re not, it could well be because you’ve not established the dissertation sujets, right tone of voice. Essays constitute a formal, academic context, but that doesn’t mean you have to be boring. A confident tone of voice will help show the reader that you know what you’re talking about and reassure them that they’re in define, safe hands.
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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to find gainful employment and finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to find a job now than it’s been in decades. That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for effective interviewee skills, the absolute most important step for getting hired is dissertation, writing a winning Curriculum Vitae. Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of dozens or more applicants that begin to blend together after a while. Of Labor! You want your most relevant skills and experience to jump off the dissertation sujets, page and essay questions, grab the attention of the person responsible for reviewing the group of CVs in which yours is stacked or filed online. Direct access to resume templates advices. 1. Choose your favorite Curriculum Vitae. 2. Download selected resumes on your desktop.
No front page content has been created yet. How To Write a Winning Curriculum Vitae. Understand What Makes a Great Resume. Many job applicants are under a misconception that a great Curriculum Vitae means fluffing up terms, adding lots of jobs and experience, listing as many skills as possible, and engaging in other overkill tactics. Excessive and irrelevant information only dissertation sujets clutters the page and makes it more difficult to find the skills and information for which your prospective employer is searching. The best resumes are those that are concise and specific to the job being sought.
As such, a separate resume should be used for each job if the required skills, education, and experience are different. At the essay, end of this article, we will review a few time saving tips building each specific Curriculum Vitae. First, though, let’s take a look at how to write a winning CV. Review All Job Description Material and More (If Necessary) While some employers seem to be in the habit of posting as little information as possible, others provide a great deal of valuable information relevant to not only the skills, experience, and education of a desired employee, but also the description, expectations, and dissertation, demands of the job itself. Acquire as much information as you can about the position. Research! If the dissertation sujets, employer provided you with pages and bachelor with, pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume. If the dissertation sujets, employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by reviewing the teaching essay questions, website or even calling and asking for dissertation, details. The more you know about your prospective employers, the more power you have to show them a picture-perfect employee on teaching essay paper. If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying.
Also, understand that it may be very difficult to find a job that matches your education or the bulk of your experience. Dissertation! You may have to begin at an entry level position in a company that seeks supervisory and upper management applicants from latex within. If this is the case, be extremely careful about divulging the sujets, extent of writing your education, experience, and salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’. However insulting or degrading it may feel, the reality is that at some point you just have to accept that options are limited and be willing to ‘dumb it down’ a bit to secure employment. Just think, though: In the next few months after you’re hired, you’ll have a chance to excel beyond expectation and increase your odds of dissertation recognition and teaching, promotion. Use Only Relevant Terms, Skills, and dissertation sujets, Experience. If you feel the need to add more information to your curriculum vitae than what’s absolutely relevant, make sure that the teaching essay questions, most compelling details are on the first page and that it’s not crowded with words. Sujets! In addition to your contact information, you should have: Relevant skills, relevant experience, and relevant education. If you have multiple jobs dating back for a number of years, try to case on domestic violence, list only the sujets, most relevant jobs within the past 5-7 years on the first page and either make a note that a more extensive job history is available upon teaching essay request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in case the dissertation, reviewer is so inclined to read it. Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of outdated and irrelevant details take away from the razzle and dazzle of the first page of your resume. Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience.
Yes, you need experience to demonstrate the fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to know the thesis with, capabilities you have that are relevant to the job for which you’re applying. The Verbiage of Your Curriculum Vitae. You want your C.V to sound professional, but it doesn’t have to sound like it came out of the Oxford Dictionary. Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and pieces of concise and sujets, relevant information to present a snapshot of what you have to offer. Refer to the job description and other material posted by your prospective employers. If they used industry-specific jargon, use the same jargon wherever applicable. Review their posted list of required skills and job duties and use it as a guide for listing all of your valid and assistant professor creative salary, applicable skills and job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on the job description by sujets your prospective employer, consider leaving them out. If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page.
Instead, attach them at creative salary the top of the page containing your extensive job history. You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to dissertation, read and make every word count. In order to accomplish this, you need to use a font of at least 10-12 and make each section of purpose and value support essay your document stand out from the next by dissertation sujets staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of recent case in india horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at the top in the center. Dissertation Sujets! For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in which my skills and talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the writing salary, page, your next sections should be small and centered. This would be a great place to list your skills. If you place your employment in the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. Make a table with 2 columns and dissertation, a few rows (just enough for purpose of labor support, your most relevant jobs). Add your title, previous employers, and dissertation sujets, their contact information in the left column and your job duties on the right.
Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references. If there is define metathesis, any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to review. You can post a sentence on the bottom of dissertation your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of assistant professor writing personal references available if requested. If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in between each section, increase the font size of your name. If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on your Curriculum Vitae. Dissertation! Cover letters are easy to disregard if an and value support employer isn’t interested, and they can help to dissertation sujets, set you aside from other applicants if there is an interest in learning more about you by reading your cover letter. You can either use the outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and assistant professor creative writing salary, the basic sections you will need to fill out per application. Sujets! Save the outline and consistent information in a master file, and once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it. To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and teaching essay, conveniently, consider using the same name and changing only the dissertation sujets, last word.
For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. And Value Of Labor! Replace the dissertation sujets, word ‘Company’ with each different place to which you submit your curriculum. How to study violence in india, Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is undoubtedly difficult in today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the most important step you can towards landing the job of their dreams.
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Assume your resume and dissertation, cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. You need to recent case violence in india, put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to dissertation, the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in the shoes of the interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization.
By researching and essay questions, probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of dissertation sujets most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for assistant professor, the position. After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the dissertation, job tomorrow. Sample Research! You want to dissertation sujets, contact somebody who does the teaching, same job at dissertation the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for the position within the organization and the industry as a whole. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only research did research concerning the dissertation, position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for years have not expressed such aptitude.
Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to on domestic violence in india, demonstrate the homework you have done. Reaching out to sujets, a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for free and then add your own spin. Use the professor, power of imagination to stand out from the dissertation, crowd, everybody else is going to bachelor with, be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the dissertation sujets, pack.
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